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Urunchi, China

Cao L.,Xinjang University | Hu Y.,Xinjang University | Zhang L.,Xinjang University | Ma C.,Xinjang University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Supercritical Fluids

Compared with conventional precipitation polymerization method, cross-linked poly(4-vinylpyridine) (P4VP) and its microgels copolymerized with α-methacrylic acid (MAA) were synthesized through a new route of stabilizer-free polymerization in supercritical fluids. The yellow, dry, fine powders were directly obtained from precipitation polymerization of 4-vinylpyridine in supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) at pressures ranging from 70.0 to 230 bar, using N,N′-methylenebisacrylamide as cross-linker. The effects of the reaction pressure, cross-linker ratio, initiator concentration, and reaction time were investigated. The capacity of this microgel for adsorption of copper(II) was also studied. At higher cross-linker concentrations, a high yield of the cross-linked P4VP microgel was generated in scCO2, and its particle size was less than 300 nm. Polymerization of cross-linked P4VP in scCO2 was extremely sensitive to the density of the continuous phase. The adsorption followed the Langmuir isotherm. The adsorption capacities of cross-linked P(4VP-co-MAA) and cross-linked P4VP were 47.2 and 26.9 mg g-1, respectively. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

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