Zhou Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Gu P.,Nanjing Medical University |
Shi W.,Xinghua Peoples Hospital |
Li J.,Nanjing Medical University |
And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Medicine | Year: 2016
Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) induces metabolic syndrome, which is often characterized by insulin resistance (IR), in adults. Previous research has shown that microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) play a role in the target genes involved in this process, but the mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study, we examined miRNA profiles using samples of skeletal muscles from both IUGR and control rat offspring whose mothers were fed either a protein-restricted diet or a diet which involved normal amounts of protein during pregnancy, respectively. miR-29a was found to be upregulated in the skeletal muscles of IUGR offspring. The luciferase reporter assay confi rmed the direct interaction between miR-29a and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor d (PPARd). Overexpression of miR-29a in the skeletal muscle cell line C2C12 suppressed the expression of its target gene PPARd, which, in turn, influenced the expression of its coactivator, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-? coactivator-1a (PGC-1a). Thus, PPARd/PGC-1a-dependent signals together reduced insulin-dependent glucose uptake and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production. Overexpression of miR-29a also caused a decrease in levels of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), the most important glucose transporter in skeletal muscle, which partially induced a decrease insulin-dependent glucose uptake. These findings provide evidence for a novel micro-RNA-mediated mechanism of PPARd regulation, and we also noted the IR-promoting actions of miR-29a in skeletal muscles of IUGR. Source
Pan M.,Nantong University |
Gao S.-P.,Ningxia Peoples Hospital |
Jiang M.-H.,Nantong University |
Guo J.,Fourth Peoples Hospital of Wuxi |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Investigative Medicine | Year: 2011
Background: Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a cytokine involved in different physiologic and pathophysiologic processes, and circulating levels of IL-6 differ greatly between individuals, but the results have not always been concordant among diverse populations. The aim of present study was to determine the prevalence of the 3 polymorphisms (j174G/C, j597G/A, and j634C/G) in the IL-6 gene promoter region and their effects on inflammatory markers in normal Han Chinese population. Methods: A total of 232 subjects (143 men and 89 women; mean age, 51.37 ± 17.63 years; range, 22-88 years) of unrelated healthy Han Chinese in Jinangsu area (south of China) were enrolled. Genotyping of the 3 polymorphisms were performed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism combined with gel electrophoresis and then confirmed by direct sequencing. Results: Among the 232 individuals studied, 231 carried the GG wild type of -174G/C; only 1 carried the GC genotype. For -597G/A polymorphism, individuals all carried the GG wild type; the GA or AA genotypes were not detected. The frequencies of -634C/G genotypes CC, CG, and GG were found to be 59.48%, 37.07%, and 3.45%, respectively, the derived allele frequencies for the C and G alleles were 78.02% and 21.98%. There were no significant differences in age, sex, body mass index, or lipids parameters between the -634 CC and CG+GG genotypes. However, individuals with CC genotype showed lower levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and IL-6 than those with CG+GG genotype. Conclusions: IL-6 -174G/C and -597G/A are rare, but -634C/G is common in Han Chinese population, and the -634G allele is associated with circulating levels of IL-6 and C-reactive protein. Copyright © 2011 by The American Federation for Medical Research. Source
Xu W.-J.,Xinghua Peoples Hospital |
Huang C.,Tianjin Medical University |
Wang J.,Tianjin Medical University |
Jiang R.-C.,Tianjin Medical University |
And 5 more authors.
Chinese Medical Journal | Year: 2011
Background: Recombinant human endostatin (rh-endostatin, Endostar) has been proved to be an inhibitor of angiogenesis. Docetaxel has been also considered as a common chemotherapeutic agent with inhibition of angiogenesis of malignancies. However, their function has been seldom compared and a best synergism protocol is not determined. This study aimed to compare the effects of two drugs, investigate their combined impact on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), a molecular basis and find ideal protocols to inhibit endothelial cell proliferation. Methods: HUVECs on confluent growth or activated by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were treated by rh-endostatin or/and docetaxel at respective gradient concentration in following operations as cell proliferation determined by MTT assay, cell cycle distribution, apoptosis and markers of CD146, CD62E and CD105 detected by flow cytometery, the structure of the channel formed by HUVECs measured by tube formation count. Results: Rh-endostatin exhibited time dependent inhibition of proliferation while docetaxel showed both time and dose dependent inhibition. HUVECs accumulated in G0-G1 with decreased numbers of cells in G2 after a single treatment of rh-endostatin or that followed by docetaxel treatment. Cells accumulated in G2 after both a single docetaxel and simultaneous administration. Both the number of cells in G0-G1 and apoptotic cells were increased by docetaxel followed by rh-endostatin treatment. The number of non-apoptotic cells at G0-G1 was increased by first administering rh-endostatin then docetaxel. Sequential treatment of docetaxel followed by rh-endostatin resulted in the greatest increase in apoptosis (34.7%) and the second highest apoptosis was seen with simultaneous administration (18.2%). Expression of CD146 and CD105 on confluent HUVECs was reduced at certain doses of rh-endostatin and/or docetaxel. However, rh-endostatin reduced CD105 without any apparent impact on either CD146 or CD62E expression, whereas these markers were down-regulated by docetaxel after pre-activation by VEGF. Rh-endostatin treatment maintained tube-like structures for a limited time. In contrast, docetaxel swiftly reduced tube formation. Simultaneous treatment, or docetaxel followed by rh-endostatin, exhibited a stronger inhibition on tube formation than either agent alone. Conclusions Both rh-endostatin and docetaxel can inhibit HUVEC proliferation while the high apoptotic rate after combined administration was probably owing to different sequent administration by docetaxel followed by rh-endostatin or simultaneous treatment. Both proliferation and adhesion molecules on HUVECs of confluent growth are down-regulated by the two drugs. The rh-endostatin decreased proliferation markers, but only slightly modified adhesion molecules, while both markers were down-regulated by docetaxel on HUVECs activated by VEGF. Rh-endostatin could maintain adhesion of HUVECs at first then induce cells apoptosis to damage tube formation. We hypothesize that it could lead to vascular normalization in short time. In contrast, docetaxel can suppress HUVEC proliferation, adhesion, and reduced tube formation swiftly due to its cytotoxicity. Combined treatments can induce a synergistic inhibition of tube formation. Source
Lu Y.-Y.,Nanjing Medical University |
Huang X.-E.,Nanjing Medical University |
Xu L.,Nanjing Medical University |
Liu D.-G.,Xinghua Peoples Hospital |
And 4 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2013
Background: Pemetrexed (PEM) is effective in first-line treatment for patients with non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However there are currently no definitive determinants to certify which patients could benefit from PEM. To improve the efficacy of PEM combined with platinum as first-line therapy for advanced non-squamous NSCLC, we conducted this retrospective study to detect potential determinants of this regimen. Methods: We recruited 109 patients with advanced non-squamous NSCLC who received PEM with a platinum as first-line therapy from June 2006 to February 2013 in Jiangsu Cancer Hospital. Multiple variables (age, sex, smoking, degree of cell differentiation, hemoglobin, platinum drugs combined, positions of metastasis) were selected. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyse relationships between these variables and tumor response. Result: In univariate analysis, we found that age and platinum significantly influenced the results of PEM therapy (P<0.05). In multivariable analysis, no factors were independently significant. Conclusion: Our analysis did not suggest that the age, sex, metastasis of liver or other organs, hemoglobin, smoking history and pathological differentiation are associated with the response of PEM. We should conduct further analyses with larger sample size to reconfirm this issue. Source
Zheng D.-D.,Nantong University |
Ji S.-N.,Haian Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine |
Chen C.,Nantong University |
Deng X.-T.,Xinghua Peoples Hospital |
And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2014
There is an accumulating body of evidence indicating strong association between inflammation and the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation (AF). IL-10 is a multifunctional anti-inflammatory cytokine that down-regulates cell-mediated immune responses and cytotoxic inflammatory responses. The aim of the present study is to investigate the association of IL-10 gene -592A/C polymorphism with AF in Han Chinese. 117 AF patients and 100 healthy volunteers were eligible for this study. The PCR-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique was used to assess the genotypes frequencies. The distribution of the IL-10 -592A/C genotypes (AA, AC, and CC) was 55.00%, 35.00%, and 10.00% in the controls, and 71.79%, 23.08%, and 5.13% in AF subjects, respectively (p = 0.0335). The frequency of the A allele in the AF group was significantly higher than that in the control group (83.33% vs 72.50%, p = 0.0063). Compared with the CC genotype, the AA genotype had increased risk of AF in both unadjusted and adjusted analyses. The average serum IL-10 levels in AA genotype were statistically lower than in AC + CC genotype (p = 0.0000). These findings suggest that IL-10 -592A/C polymorphism is associated with AF and the A allele has increased risk for AF in Han Chinese. © 2014 E-Century Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved. Source