Time filter

Source Type

Changsha, China

Leng A.,Xiangya Hospital
Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine | Year: 2011

The strategies for tumor-specific expression of suicide genes and target tumor angiogenesis have been tested in tumors. However, the anti-tumor efficacy of the combination of these two strategies, particularly, delivering suicide gene and anti-angiogenesis agent by nanoparticles, has not yet been evaluated in colon carcinoma. We constructed a cassette to silence VEGF-A expression and express a fused yCDglyTK gene driven by tumor-specific promoter (shVEGF-CDTK). The DNA carrying shVEGF-CDTK was delivered into colon carcinoma cells by calcium phosphate nanoparticles (CPNPs). Cell proliferation was measured by MTT assay, and apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. The anti-tumor effect of the combined cassette was tested in xenograft animal model. With 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC), CPNP-delivered shVEGF-CDTK DNA (CPNP-shVEGF-CDTK) showed high expression of fused yCDglyTK gene and effectively silenced VEGF-A expression in vitro and in vivo, which significantly inhibited colon carcinoma cell proliferation and induced apoptosis in vitro. With 5-FC, the systemic delivery of CPNP-shVEGF-CDTK significantly inhibited tumor growth in the colon carcinoma xenograft animal model. The combined cassette is obviously effective in inhibiting tumor cell proliferation and inducing apoptosis in vitro and tumor growth in vivo than the CPNP-shVEGF or CPNP-CDTK alone. The combination of VEGF-A-silencing and tumor-specific expression of suicide gene is an effective strategy for colon carcinoma treatment. Source

Liu N.,Xiangya Hospital | Zhou C.,Third Affiliated Hospital | Zhao J.,Central South University | Chen Y.,Central South University
Cancer Investigation | Year: 2012

The purpose of this study was to establish tumor tissue specific delivery of let-7i miRNA to reverse paclitaxel-induced chemoresistance. A chimera that combines MUC1 aptamer and let-7i miRNA was tested in OVCAR-3 ovarian cancer cells. Results demonstrated that the chimera can specifically be delivered into OVCAR-3 cells and the released let-7i significantly sensitized the role of paclitaxel in inhibiting cell proliferation, inducing cell apoptosis, and decreasing long-term cell survival. The chimera achieved reversal of chemoresistance through downregulation of cyclin D1, cyclin D2, Dicer 1, and PGRMC1 expressions. Our study indicated that this MUC1/let-7i chimera can specifically reverse chemoresistance to paclitaxel. © 2012 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. Source

Gao N.,Central South University | Qu X.,Central South University | Yan J.,Third Xiangya Hospital | Huang Q.,Xiangya Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry | Year: 2010

Liver fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP, FABP1) is a highly conserved key factor in lipid metabolism. This study was undertaken to verify whether the T94A mutation in the L-FABP gene affects fatty acid uptake and intracellular esterification into specific lipid pools. Candidate SNPs were recreated using site-directed mutagenesis and tested for physical function in stably transfected Chang liver cell lines. We found that the T94A mutant of L-FABP lowered FFA uptake but had no effect on FFA efflux. L-FABP T94A-expressing cells showed decreased triglyceride content and increased cholesterol accumulation compared to the wild-type control for cells incubated with an FFA mixture (oleate: palmitate, 2:1 ratio). In conclusion, our study provided additional indications of the functional relevance of the L-FABP T94A SNP in hepatic fatty acid and lipid metabolism in humans. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Li J.,Xiangya Hospital | Cai Y.,Xiangya Hospital | Cai Y.,Central South University
Acta Cardiologica | Year: 2015

Autophagy played a crucial role for survival when cells were sufiering from nutrient deprivation, as autophagy could engulf and degenerate macromolecules to provide new nutrients and energy. Autophagy also plays an essential role in maintaining cellular homeostasis, which was activated in response to the cellular stresses in hypertensive heart disease. Interestingly, many studies had proven that the baseline and up-regulation of autophagy played a beneficial role in myocardial hypertrophy while other studies found that up-regulated autophagy was associated with myopathies. In this review, we showed the signalling pathways which were involved in myocardial hypertrophy. Besides, we talked about the protective as well as harmful efiects of autophagy in myocardial hypertrophy. Finally, we proposed the possible reasons of dual efiects of autophagy in hypertrophy, including the degree of the activation, the stage of the disease and the signalling pathways responsible for the activation of autophagy, etc. © 2015, Acta Cardiologica. All rights reserved. Source

Sun Y.,Xiangya Hospital | Long J.,Xiangya Hospital | Zhou Y.,Central South University
Oncology Letters | Year: 2014

In the present study, the association between angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4) and aldolase A (ALDOA) in human melanoma cell invasion and survival was investigated. Overexpression and knockdown of ANGPTL4 were respectively performed in WM-115 and WM-266-4 cells. ALDOA expression at both the mRNA and the protein levels as well as the ALDOA gene promoter activities were increased and decreased in parallel with overexpression and knockdown of ANGPTL4 in the melanoma cells, which was blocked by selective protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor and restored by PKC agonist, respectively. ANGPTL4 overexpression significantly increased cell invasion and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) expression and decreased cell apoptosis against cisplatin in WM-115 cells, which was reversed by knocking down ALDOA. In WM-266-4 cells, knockdown of ANGPTL4 decreased cell invasion and MMP-2 expression and increased cell apoptosis against cisplatin, which was reversed by overexpression of ALDOA. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that ANGPTL4 upregulates ALDOA expression in human melanoma cells at the ALDOA gene promoter/transcriptional level through a PKC-dependent mechanism, and that ALDOA is a critical mediator of the promoting effect of ANGPTL4 on melanoma cell invasion, likely through upregulating the MMP-2 expression. Additionally, our results suggest that ALDOA plays an important role in ANGPTL4-enhanced melanoma cell survival against apoptotic stress, which implicates ANGPTL4 and ALDOA in the development of melanoma chemoresistance. Source

Discover hidden collaborations