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Zhang N.,Xiamen Zijin Mining and Metallurgy Technology Co.
Yejin Fenxi/Metallurgical Analysis | Year: 2011

A determination method of silicon dioxide in copper concentrate and lead concentrate by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) was developed. The sample was melted at high temperature in corundum crucible using sodium peroxide as flux. The fusion cake was leached with hot water and acidified with hydrochloric acid. After matrix dilution, the internal standard element Au was added. The effects of matrix and instrumental fluctuation could be effectively eliminated using internal standard calibration method. The detection limit of silicon dioxide in this method was 0.0063 μg/mL, and the determination range (mass fraction) was 0.02%-10%. The proposed method had been applied to the determination of certified reference materials of copper concentrate and lead concentrate. The determination results were in good agreement with the certified values, and the RSD(n=5) was less than 3%. Source


Huang Y.-X.,Xiamen University | Liu B.,Xiamen University | Wen L.,Xiamen University | Zhang X.,Xiamen University | And 6 more authors.
Inorganic Chemistry | Year: 2013

Structural assembly from phosphate to germanophosphate by applying germanate as a binder has been achieved. Two isotypic porous compounds, K 3[MII 4(HPO4)2][Ge 2O(OH)(PO4)4]·xH2O (M II = Fe, Cd; x = 2 for Fe and 3 for Cd, denoted as KFeGePO-1 and KCdGePO-1, respectively), contain a known transition-metal phosphate (TMPO) layer, ∞2{[M2(HPO4)3] 2-}, which is built from chains of trans-edge-sharing MO6 octahedra bridged by MO5 trigonal bipyramids that were further linked and decorated by phosphate tetrahedra. The layers are bound by infinite chains of GeO5(OH) octahedra, resulting in a 3D open-framework structure with 1D 12-ring channels that are occupied by K+ ions and water molecules. The curvature of the TMPO layers and shape of the 12-ring windows can be tuned by the transition metals because of their Jahn-Teller effect. © 2013 American Chemical Society. Source


Huang H.,Xiamen Zijin Mining and Metallurgy Technology Co.
Fuhe Cailiao Xuebao/Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica | Year: 2015

Incorporating multi-functional nano-particles into natural fiber reinforced polymer composites can provide with the multi-functionality, making them possess sensor performance, which are capable of in-situ sensing the change of surrounding environment. However, it is realized by dispersing nano-particle into matrix, which normally leads to high viscosity of matrix, hindering its application and meanwhile high nano-particle loadings are needed to reach percolation threshold. Dip coating technology was used for the surface modification of sisal fibres (SF) with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) dispersion as dye, the resulting MWCNTs modified sisal fibers (MWCNTs-SF) and their epoxy based composite (MWCNTs-SF/EP) sensors were prepared. A continuous and homogenous dispersed MWCNTs network coating forms on surface of MWCNTs-SF. The current versus voltage characteristic curve of MWCNTs-SF indicates the formation of ohmic contacts for MWCNTs-MWCNTs and MWCNTs-electrode. Both MWCNT-SF and MWCNTs-SF/EP are characterized by negative temperature coefficient thermistor. Under external strain-stress, the electrical resistance of MWCNTs-SF and MWCNTs-SF/EP exhibits nearly constant at very low strains, then increases linearly at intermediate strains, while an exponential correlation between electrical resistance and strain exists at higher strains. The different sensing characteristics for MWCNTs-SF and MWCNTs-SF/EP mostly relate to the MWCNTs network structure change during consolidation. The tensile strength of MWCNTs modified sisal fiber fabric reinforced epoxy based composite increases gradually from 37.6 MPa to 46.7 MPa with increasing surface modification time, elastic modulus also increases accordingly. ©, 2015, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (BUAA). All right reserved. Source


Zhang N.,Xiamen Zijin Mining and Metallurgy Technology Co.
Yejin Fenxi/Metallurgical Analysis | Year: 2010

The ore sample was treated by alkali fusion and acidification, and tungsten and molybdenum were then simultaneously determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry(ICP-AES). The interference of matrix sodium introduced during sample fusion to testing elements was investigated. The results showed that the matrix effect was obvious, and it was aggravate with the increase of sodium concentration. The instrumental stability was then seriously reduced, influencing the accuracy of determination results. By selecting optimal excitation conditions and proper analytical lines, the interference of matrix elements(sodium, iron, calcium and aluminum) contained in sample or introduced in sample fusion process could be eliminated by dilution. The detection limits for tungsten and molybdenum were 0.010 μg/mL and 0.004 μg/mL, respectively. The limit of detection for tungsten and molybdenum were 0.03%-6% and 0.01%-6%, respectively. The proposed method was applied to the determination of ore standard sample, and the results were consistent with the certified values. The relative standard deviations(RSD) were 0.78%-2.7%. Source


Wen L.,Xiamen University | Huang Y.-X.,Xiamen University | Sun W.,Xiamen University | Liu B.,Xiamen University | And 5 more authors.
Jiegou Huaxue | Year: 2013

A vanadyl phosphate containing a new member of tancoite-like single chain, (DAPH2)[VIVO(HPO4)2]·xH 2O (x ≈ 0.2, DAP = 1,3-diaminopropane, C3H 10N2), has been synthesized under hydro(solvo)thermal conditions. It crystallizes in orthorhombic space group P212 12 (No. 18) with a = 7.1730(14), b = 19.252(4), c = 8.6557(17) Å, Z = 4, V = 1195.3(4) Å3, C3H 14.38N2P2VO9.19, Mr = 338.47, Dc = 1.881 g/cm3, μ(MoKα) = 1.138 mm -1 and F(000) = 692. The final full-matrix least-squares refinement converged to R = 0.0408, wR = 0.1046 for 2498 observed reflections with I > 2σ(I) and R = 0.0456 and wR = 0.1080 for all data (2750) and S = 1.001. Its one-dimensional structure consists of tancoite-like ∞1 {VIVO(HPO4)2}2- single chains surrounded by DAPH2 2+ ions and water molecules. The single chain is built from trans-corner-sharing octahedral {VIV = O⋯VIV} backbone loop-branched by HPO4 groups like staple forming a new member of tancoite single chain. Due to the special coordination of VIVO6, the ∞1 {VO(HPO4)2-} chain adopts a larger M-O-M angle (V-O-V = 135°) than those of tancoite chains reported before. The corner-sharing linear {VIV = O⋯VIV} chain structure also leads to a one-dimensional weak antiferromagnetic interaction at low temperature. The magnetic measurements confirm the 4+ valence state of vanadium. IR and TG results of the title compound are also discussed. Copyright © 2013 Editorial Board of Chinese Journal Of Structurnal Chemistry. Source

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