Xiamen University , colloquially known as Xia Da ". The university is one of many comprehensive universities directly administered by the Chinese Ministry of Education. In 1995 it was included in the list of the 211 Project for the state key construction; in 2000 it became one of China's higher-level universities designated for the state key construction of the 985 Project.According to University Undergraduates Teaching Assessment and Chinese Universities Evaluation Standings, the university is ranked 11th in China and has maintained the top 20 ranking in China, among which 6 subjects reach A++ level, including economics and management,fine art, law, chemistry, journalism, communication and mathematics.In addition,the school of management is accredited by EQUIS and AMBA. Wikipedia.
News Article | April 27, 2017
TALLAHASSEE, Fla. -- Climate change may be putting cyanobacteria that are crucial to the functioning of the ocean at risk as the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increases and the acidity of ocean water changes. In a paper published Thursday in Science, a team of researchers from Florida State University, Xiamen University in China and Princeton University argue that the acidification of seawater caused by rising carbon dioxide levels makes it difficult for a type of cyanobacteria to perform a process called nitrogen fixation. Few people know much about a type of cyanobacteria called Trichodesmium, but this miniscule collection of cells is critical to the health of hundreds of species in the Earth's oceans. Through nitrogen fixation, Trichodesmium converts nitrogen gas into ammonia and other molecules that organisms are dependent on for survival. Trichodesmium is thought to be responsible for about 50 percent of marine nitrogen fixation, so a decline in its ability could have a major ripple effect on marine ecosystems. "This is one of the major sources of nitrogen for other organisms in the open ocean," said Sven Kranz, assistant professor of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Science at Florida State University and a co-author of this study. "If Trichodesmium responds negatively to the environmental changes forced upon the ocean by fossil fuel burning, it could have a large effect on our food web." The effects of climate change on Trichodesmium have been studied extensively by scientists in labs across the globe but with widely different results. Some scientists found that increased carbon dioxide in ocean waters caused a decline in nitrogen fixation, while others saw huge increases. Because of the large role these bacteria play in the health of the Earth's oceans, Kranz and his colleagues sought to resolve the discrepancies. Some of these discrepancies, they found, are based on the preparation of the water in which these organisms typically grow under laboratory conditions. For example, the researchers found contamination by elements such as ammonia or toxic elements like enhanced copper concentration. "Any slight differences in the specific ingredients of the water -- in this case artificial seawater that scientists prepare -- can have a huge effect on the outcome," Kranz said. A slight contamination can throw a huge wrench in the process, yet using this artificial seawater is common because not every lab has access to clean ocean water. The authors also found that increased carbon dioxide could sometimes stimulate nitrogen fixation but this was offset by the negative effects of the increased ocean acidity. Kranz began studying how increased carbon dioxide affects cyanobacteria as a researcher in Germany and then as a postdoctoral researcher with François Morel and Dalin Shi at Princeton University. Shi is now at Xiamen University and led the study with his research group there. For this study, Kranz focused on the preliminary data collections and how the cyanobacteria reacted to changing concentrations of iron and carbon dioxide. Shi's group in China conducted further studies including protein analysis and replicated this work in the field, conducting experiments in the South China Sea in May 2016. Other authors on the paper are Haizheng Hong, Rong Shen, Futing Zhang, Zhouzhu Wen, Siwei Chang, Wenfang Lin, Ya-Wei Luo and Shu-Ji Kao from Xiamen University. ###
Xiamen University and Beijing Wantai Biological Pharmacy Enterprise Co. | Date: 2016-11-14
The invention relates to a truncated L1 protein of the Human Papillomavirus Type 11, a virus-like particle consisting of the protein, a vaccine comprising said virus-like particle, and the use of the vaccine in the prevention of condyloma acuminatum or HPV infections.
Xiamen University | Date: 2014-07-30
A membrane photobioreactor for treating nitrogen and phosphorus that are out of limits in a biogas slurry and treating method thereof, relating to biogas slurry treatment. The membrane photobioreactor for treating nitrogen and phosphorus that are out of limits in a biogas slurry is provided with a biogas slurry storage tank, peristaltic pumps, a microalgae cultivating tank, an air pump, a membrane photobioreactor and a hollow fiber membrane. The biogas slurry containing nitrogen and phosphorus that are out of limits is stored in the biogas slurry storage tank, and is driven by a first peristaltic pump to circularly flow in a silicone pipe; a microalgae solution is cultivated under illumination in the microalgae cultivating tank, and is driven by a second peristaltic pump to circularly flow in a silicone pipe, air is fed into the microalgae cultivating tank through the air pump, the biogas slurry and the microalgae solution are converged in the membrane photobioreactor, and the biogas slurry circularly flows inside the hollow fiber membrane pipe and the microalgae solution circularly flows outside the hollow fiber membrane pipe, the two being in a cross flow; and the nitrogen and phosphorus that are out of limits in the biogas slurry penetrate from the inside of the hollow fiber membrane and are absorbed by the microalgae solution outside the membrane, and after cyclical cultivation, nitrogen and phosphorus that are out of limits in the biogas slurry are absorbed, and the discharge standards are achieved.
Xiamen University | Date: 2014-07-30
The present application provides a method for simultaneously synthesizing a biological flocculant with polysaccharide and -PGA as the active components by using Bacillus licheniformis. Bacillus licheniformis is inoculated to a slant culture medium to be cultured; a single colony on a fresh plate is inoculated to a seed culture medium to be cultured; and a seed fermentation broth is inoculated to a fermentation culture medium to be cultured, and then the biological flocculant having two different components is obtained. The flocculant synthesized in the present invention is high in activity and good in thermal stability; and especially, the flocculation effect of polysaccharide is relatively superior under acidic and neutral conditions, and the flocculation activity of -PGA is relatively higher under neutral and alkaline environments, which can satisfy a relatively large pH application range.
Xiamen University | Date: 2014-12-04
The present invention provides a kind of inherent flame retardant rigid polyurethane foam. The production formula comprises 100 to 105 pbw of polyether polyol and reactive phosphorus-containing flame retardant, 2.5 to 3.5 pbw of amine catalyst, 0.8 to 2.5 pbw of tertiary amine catalyst, 0.8 to 2.5 pbw of foam stabilizer, 0.5 to 1.5 pbw of blowing agent, 135 to 150 pbw of isocyanates, and 0.05 to 0.1 pbw of organo-metallic catalyst, wherein the reactive phosphorus-containing flame retardant is 9,10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenanthrene-4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol. The active monomers containing flame retarding elements are introduced into main chain and side chain of PU for modification, which permanently improves the flame retardancy of PU without obvious effect on other performance of PU matrix.
Xiamen University | Date: 2014-09-24
A quantitative analysis method based on air pressure measuring, which can be used for the high-sensitivity quantitative detection of various targets i.e. inorganic ions, small molecules and biological macromolecules such as proteins, DNA, and even viruses, bacteria, cells, etc. The present invention catalyzes hydrogen peroxide to generate a large amount of gas using enzymes or nanoparticles, etc.; converts the target molecule detection signal into a gas pressure intensity signal; achieves signal amplification; and finally converts the pressure change into an electrical signal to conduct a reading through an air pressure meter, thereby achieving high-sensitivity quantitative detection. The feasibility, wide applicability and reliability of the present invention are certified through three different detection systems, i.e. an ELISA system, a DNA hydrogel system and a functional DNA sensor system, respectively, using an air pressure meter.
Sinopec, Xiamen University and Shanghai Research Institute of Chemical Industry | Date: 2016-10-19
A ligand based chromium catalyst and application in catalyzing ethylene oligomerization are disclosed. The chromium catalyst is formed by a chromium compound and an organic ligand containing P and/or N. The substituents on N and P of the ligand can be replaced, whereby selective ethylene trimerization and tetramerization can be realized so as to produce 1-hexene and 1-octene at the same time.
Xiamen University | Date: 2014-04-21
The present invention provides a type of cost-effective sulfur-based transition metal composite as the negative electrode active material for lithium ion batteries with high capacity. Moreover, a non-aqueous secondary battery using this negative electrode with long cycle life and high capacity is provided. The battery contains a positive electrode, negative electrode, separator, and non-aqueous electrolytes. The negative electrode contains at least one kind of sulfur-based transition metal composites provided in the present invention.
Xiamen University | Date: 2017-04-12
Disclosed is a quantitative analysis method based on air pressure detection, which can be used for the high-sensitivity quantitative detection of various targets having inorganic ions, micromolecules and biological macromolecules such as proteins, DNA, and even viruses, bacteria, cells, etc. The present invention catalyzes hydrogen peroxide to generate a large amount of gas using enzymes or nanometer particles, etc.; converts a target molecule detection signal into a gas pressure intensity signal; achieves signal amplification; and finally converts the pressure intensity change into an electrical signal to conduct a reading through a barometer, thereby achieving high-sensitivity quantitative detection. In the present invention, the feasibility, wide applicability and reliability of the present invention are certified through three different detection systems, i.e. an ELISA system, a DNA hydrogel and a functional DNA sensor, respectively, using a barometer.
Gu W.-M.,Xiamen University
Astrophysical Journal | Year: 2015
Based on the no-outflow assumption, we investigate steady-state, axisymmetric, optically thin accretion flows in spherical coordinates. By comparing the vertically integrated advective cooling rate with the viscous heating rate, we find that the former is generally less than 30% of the latter, which indicates that the advective cooling itself cannot balance the viscous heating. As a consequence, for radiatively inefficient flows with low accretion rates such as M ≲ 10-3 MEdd, where MEdd is the Eddington accretion rate, the viscous heating rate will be larger than the sum of the advective cooling rate and the radiative cooling one. Thus, no thermal equilibrium can be established under the no-outflow assumption. We therefore argue that in such cases outflows ought to occur and take away more than 70% of the thermal energy generated by viscous dissipation. Similarly, for optically thick flows with extremely large accretion rates such as M ≳ 10 MEdd, outflows should also occur owing to the limited advection and the low efficiency of radiative cooling. Our results may help to understand the mechanism of outflows found in observations and numerical simulations. © 2015. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.