Jie Q.,Xi jing Hospital |
Hu Y.,Xi jing Hospital |
Yang L.,Xi jing Hospital |
Yang L.,University of Hong Kong |
And 4 more authors.
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics Part B | Year: 2010
This study investigated the repair effects of fat and fibrin graft interposition through a proximal tibia transphyseal injury model and assessed the effectiveness of treatment to physeal injury with the fibrin. In this study, a unilateral growth plate injury was created in the right proximal tibia of 28 rats without any graft interposition; all left tibias were left untouched. In the other group of 28 rats, a bilateral physeal injury was made with the left tibia filled with autogenously adipose tissue and the right tibia filled with fibrin. To compare the malformed extents induced by different interventions, the length and the metaphyseal-diaphyseal angle of the tibia of three injured groups were examined. Further studies on bone density analysis and histological change were used to compare the bony bridge formation under different interventions. Results showed that the deformity angle and medial length of the tibia were significantly different between the grafted groups and nongrafted group at 4, 16, and 24 weeks postoperative (P<0.01). Results also showed no significant difference between fibrin-graft and fat-graft groups (P>0.05). Furthermore, the bone mineralization density of bony bridge induced by injury was significantly different between the grafted group and nongrafted group at 4, 16, and 24 weeks postoperative (P<0.01). Histological findings showed that bony repair after physeal injury was inhibited by both fibrin and fat interventions. We concluded that fibrin could be a substitute of adipose tissue in preventing the deformities induced by epiphyseal injury. Similar to autogenous fat, fibrin was found to alleviate limb shortness and prevent angular malformation by forming a scar instead of a bony bridge. The use of fibrin can help us to develop effective and compound intervention grafts to prevent skeletal deformity and regenerate normal cartilage tissue in the future. © 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Ai T.,Xi'an Jiaotong University |
Wang Z.,Sengong Hospital |
Zhang M.,Xi'an Jiaotong University |
Zhang L.,Xi'an Jiaotong University |
And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Biological Markers | Year: 2012
Aim: To guide clinicians in selecting treatment options for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), it is desirable to have reliable markers predicting clinical outcome. This study analyzed the correlation between signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and cyclin D1 in NSCLC and their association with clinicopathological features and survival.Methods: We investigated 65 specimens of NSCLC tissues by immunohistochemistry using STAT3 and cyclin D1 antibodies. First we determined the correlation between STAT3 and cyclin D1 expression and the clinicopathological features of the tumor. Then we assessed the prognostic relevance of STAT3 and cyclin D1.Results: A significant correlation was found between high levels of STAT3 expression and the degree of tumor differentiation. Additionally, a significant positive correlation was found between the expression of STAT3 and cyclin D1 (r=0.405, p=0.001). The overexpression of STAT3 and the presence of metastasis were significantly associated with shorter overall survival in univariate analysis (p=0.028 and p=0.036, respectively). Multivariate analysis confirmed that STAT3 expression was an independent prognostic factor (p=0.001).Conclusions: STAT3 might be correlated with tumor differentiation, and its elevated expression may be an adverse prognostic indicator for patients with NSCLC. Activation of the STAT3/cyclin D1 signaling pathway may be attributed to the malignant transformation of NSCLC and may represent a possible target for therapy. © 2012 Wichtig Editore - ISSN 0393-6155.
Yang Z.,Xi Jing Hospital |
Yang Z.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University |
Yu L.,Xi Jing Hospital |
Wang Z.,Xi Jing Hospital
Chinese Journal of Cancer Research | Year: 2016
The incidence of prostate cancer (PCa) is rising steadily among males in many countries. Serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is widely applied to clinical diagnosis and screening of PCa. However, the so-called grey area of PSA levels 4.0-10.0 ng/mL has a low specificity of 25-40% resulting in a high rate of negative biopsy and overtreatment. So in order to treat PCa patients in early stage, there is an urgent need for new biomarkers in PCa diagnosis. The PCA3 gene, a non-coding RNA (ncRNA) that is highly expressed in prostate cancer (PCa) cells, has been identified as a molecular biomarkers to detect PCa, of which PCA3 has already under clinical application. PCA3 is strongly overexpressed in malignant prostate tissue compared to benign or normal adjacent one. Newly, PCA3 is considered to be a promising biomarker in clinical diagnosis and targeted therapy. The diagnostic significance of PCA3, however, is awaiting further researches. Moreover, it has been demonstrated recently that TMPRSS2-ERG gene fusion is identified as the predominant genetic change in patients diagnosed with PCa. Recent study revealed that combination of the PCA3 and TMPRSS2-ERG gene fusion test optimizes PCa detection compared with that of single biomarker, which would lead to a considerable reduction of the number of prostate biopsies. In this review, we focused on the potential use of PCA3 and TMPRSS2-ERG gene fusion detection in the diagnosis of PCa. © Chinese Journal of Cancer Research. All rights reserved.
Chen Z.,Liao Cheng Hospital |
Li W.,Liao Cheng Hospital |
Ning Y.,Liao Cheng Hospital |
Liu T.,Liao Cheng Hospital |
And 2 more authors.
Experimental and Molecular Pathology | Year: 2014
Objective: The aim of the present work was to investigate the mechanism of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 and Sloan-Kettering Institute (Ski) in the pathogenesis of hypertrophic scars (HS). Background: Wound healing is an inherent process, but the aberrant wound healing of skin injury may lead to HS. There has been growing evidence suggesting a role for TGF-β1 and Ski in the pathogenesis of fibrosis. Material and methods: The MTT assay was used to detect the cell proliferation induced by TGF-β1. The Ski gene was transduced into cells with an adenovirus, and then the function of Ski in cell proliferation and differentiation was observed. Ski mRNA levels were measured by RT-PCR. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression of α-SMA, E-cadherin, Meox1, Meox2, Zeb1 and Zeb2. Results: TGF-β1 can promote human skin fibroblast (HSF) cell proliferation in a time-dependent manner, but the promoting effect could be suppressed by Ski. TGF-β1 also induces the formation of the myofibroblast phenotype and the effect of TGF-β1 could be diminished by Ski. Also, Ski modulates the cardiac myofibroblast phenotype and function through suppression of Zeb2 by up-regulating the expression of Meox2. Conclusions: Ski diminishes the myofibroblast phenotype induced by TGF-β1 through the suppression of Zeb2 by up-regulating the expression of Meox2. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
Qu B.,Chengdu Military General Hospital |
Qu B.,University of Sichuan |
Ma Y.,Chengdu Military General Hospital |
Yan M.,Xi Jing Hospital |
And 5 more authors.
Osteoporosis International | Year: 2014
To study the cost of osteoporotic fracture in China, we performed a prospective study and compared the costs of the disease in referral patients with fractures in three of the most common sites. Our results indicated that the economic burden of osteoporotic fracture to both Chinese patients and the nation is heavy. Introduction: This paper aims to study the cost of osteoporotic fracture in China and thus to provide essential information about the burden of this disease to individuals and society. Methods: This prospective observational data collection study assessed the cost related to hip, vertebral, and wrist fracture 1 year after the fracture based on a patient sample consisting of 938 men and women. Information was collected using patient records, registry sources, and patient interviews. Both direct medical, direct non-medical, and indirect non-medical costs were considered. Results: The annual total costs were highest in hip fracture patients (renminbi, RMB 27,283 or USD 4,330, with confidence interval (RMB 25715, 28851)), followed by patients with vertebral fracture (RMB 21,474 or USD 3,409, with confidence interval (RMB 20082, 22866)) and wrist fracture (RMB 8,828 or USD 1,401, with confidence interval (RMB 7829, 9827)). The direct medical care costs averaged approximately RMB 17,007 per year per patient, of which inpatient costs, drugs, and investigations accounted for the majority of the costs. Nonmedical direct costs were much less compared to direct healthcare costs and averaged approximately RMB 1,846. Conclusion: These results indicate that the economic burden of osteoporotic fracture to both Chinese patients and China was heavy, and the proportion of the costs in China demonstrated many similar features and some significant differences compared to other countries. © 2014 International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation.
Li R.,Xi Jing Hospital |
Xu M.,Xi Jing Hospital |
Wang X.,Xi Jing Hospital |
Wang Y.,Philadelphia University |
And 8 more authors.
Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology | Year: 2010
Deficiency of adiponectin (APN), an adipocyte-derived vascular protective molecule, contributes to diabetic vascular injury. The current study determined whether obesity/hyperlipidemia may alter the vascular response to APN, and investigated the involved mechanisms and pathologic significance. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a regular or high-fat diet (HF) for 4-16. weeks. Circulating APN levels, aortic pAMPK/AMPK, peNOS/eNOS, and APN receptor expression levels were determined. Compared to time-matched animals fed control diet, plasma APN levels in HF-diet animals were significantly increased at 8. weeks, and rapidly declined thereafter. Despite unchanged or elevated circulating APN levels, phosphorylated AMPK and eNOS in vascular tissue were significantly reduced at all observed time points. Recombinant full-length APN (rAPN)-induced AMPK/eNOS phosphorylation and vasodilatation were significantly reduced in 16-week obese/hyperlipidemic aortic segments. Vascular APN receptor 1 (AdipoR1) and receptor 2 (AdipoR2) expression were significantly reduced 16. weeks after HF-diet. Pre-incubation of rAPN with obese/hyperlipidemic plasma, but not with normal plasma, significantly reduced its AMPK and eNOS activation effect, and blunted its protective effect against TNFα-induced HUVEC apoptosis. This study demonstrated for the first time that obesity/hyperlipidemia reduces vascular responsiveness to APN. Modification/inactivation of APN by unidentified factors present in obese/hyperlipidemic plasma, decreased vascular AdipoR1/R2 expression, and reduced circulating APN levels contribute to reduced vascular responsiveness to APN at different stages of the obese condition. Reduced APN bioactivity allows unmitigated TNFα pro-apoptotic and pro-inflammatory actions, contributing to vascular injury in obesity/hyperlipidemia. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Li Z.-S.,Xi Jing Hospital |
Li P.-F.,Xi Jing Hospital |
Wang Z.,Xi Jing Hospital |
Huang G.-S.,Xi Jing Hospital
Journal of Medical Case Reports | Year: 2011
Introduction. Immunoglobulin inclusions are found in B-cell neoplasms as well as in crystal-storing histiocytosis associated with B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders. At times, the deposits may be so profound as to obscure the diagnosis and may even lead to misdiagnosis. We report one case of low-grade extranodal lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma with abundant immunoglobulin inclusions and emphasize the need for immunophenotyping and molecular assay to make the right decision in diagnosis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of extranodal B-cell lymphoma with abundant intracellular immunoglobulin accumulation. Case presentation. A 62-year-old Asian man from China presented with a 13-year history of a right shoulder mass with recent ongoing pain. A desmoplastic fibroma located in the posterior muscles of the neck was suggested by magnetic resonance imaging, and extended local excision was performed. A biopsy, however, revealed large, isolated rhabdoid cells in a diffuse pattern with mild atypia and eosinophilic cytoplasm. Clustered lymphoid cells were interspersed among these cells. The diagnosis was initially suggested to be adult rhabdomyoma. The final diagnosis of lymphoma was made after immunohistochemical, ultrastructural and molecular studies. Conclusion. We emphasize this histopathologic and immunohistochemical finding because of the potential for confusion with other tumors or disorders, such as adult rhabdomyoma or crystal-storing histiocytosis. © 2011 Li et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Li Z.-S.,Xi Jing Hospital |
Wei M.-Q.,Xi Jing Hospital |
Fu X.,Xi Jing Hospital |
Cheng H.,Xi Jing Hospital |
Li Q.,Xi Jing Hospital
Neuropathology | Year: 2011
Both chordoma and Rathke's cleft cyst are relatively rare diseases in the central nervous system. In this paper we report the first case of a chordoma coexisting with a Rathke's cleft cyst. A 49-year-old man presented with a 19-month history of distending pain, movement dysfunction and diplopia of the left eye. The preoperative diagnosis was consistent with chordoma with cystic change. Final pathological diagnosis of chordoma coexisting with Rathke's cleft cyst was made according to histological and immunohistochemical studies and the clinical and radiological features are discussed. Considering the close relationship between the notochordal tissue and Rathke's pouch during early embryogenic development, a possible mechanism is also discussed with the literature review. © 2010 Japanese Society of Neuropathology.
PubMed | Xi Jing Hospital
Type: | Journal: Journal of medical case reports | Year: 2011
Immunoglobulin inclusions are found in B-cell neoplasms as well as in crystal-storing histiocytosis associated with B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders. At times, the deposits may be so profound as to obscure the diagnosis and may even lead to misdiagnosis. We report one case of low-grade extranodal lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma with abundant immunoglobulin inclusions and emphasize the need for immunophenotyping and molecular assay to make the right decision in diagnosis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of extranodal B-cell lymphoma with abundant intracellular immunoglobulin accumulation.A 62-year-old Asian man from China presented with a 13-year history of a right shoulder mass with recent ongoing pain. A desmoplastic fibroma located in the posterior muscles of the neck was suggested by magnetic resonance imaging, and extended local excision was performed. A biopsy, however, revealed large, isolated rhabdoid cells in a diffuse pattern with mild atypia and eosinophilic cytoplasm. Clustered lymphoid cells were interspersed among these cells. The diagnosis was initially suggested to be adult rhabdomyoma. The final diagnosis of lymphoma was made after immunohistochemical, ultrastructural and molecular studies.We emphasize this histopathologic and immunohistochemical finding because of the potential for confusion with other tumors or disorders, such as adult rhabdomyoma or crystal-storing histiocytosis.
PubMed | Xi Jing Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Zhongguo ying yong sheng li xue za zhi = Zhongguo yingyong shenglixue zazhi = Chinese journal of applied physiology | Year: 2010
To explore the effects of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) on inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)-nitric oxide (NO) system activity in arginine vasopressin (AVP)-induced rat cardiac fibroblasts (CFs).CFs were isolated by trypsin digestion method. Nitric acid reductase method, spectrophotometry and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used to detect NO contents, NOS activity and iNOS mRNA expression.AVP significantly increased iNOS mRNA expressions, NOS activity and NO contents (P < 0.05) in CFs. IL-1beta enhanced the effects of AVP on iNOS-NO system activity in a concentration-dependent manner, moreover the iNOS mRNA expressions, NOS activity and NO contents of AVP + 3 ng/ml, AVP + 5 ng/ml IL-1beta group were both significantly higher than those of AVP group (P < 0.05). But when IL-1beta concentration increased to 5 ng/ml, the iNOS mRNA expressions, NOS activity and NO contents did not increase accordingly, slightly decreased instead.Within certain range of concentrations IL-1beta cooperates with AVP to increase iNOS-NO system activity in CFs.