Wyoming Fish and Game

Laramie, WY, United States

Wyoming Fish and Game

Laramie, WY, United States
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Lowry J.E.,University of Wyoming | Goodridge L.,University of Wyoming | Vernati G.,University of Wyoming | Fluegel A.M.,University of Wyoming | And 2 more authors.
Veterinary Microbiology | Year: 2010

Elk in the Greater Yellowstone Area are a major reservoir for brucellosis, which represents an obstacle to eradication of the disease in domestic livestock. Furthermore, immune responses to Brucella abortus infection in the wild host are not well-understood. In this regard, in vivo-induced antigen technology (IVIAT) was employed to identify novel B. abortus antigens expressed during infection in elk. Sera collected from sero-positive Wyoming elk were pooled and absorbed against in vitro-grown cultures of B. abortus. Approximately 35,000 E. coli clones, expressing B. abortus DNA, were then screened by colony immunoblot, yielding ten genes with immuno-reactive products, to include seven proteins secreted beyond the inner membrane. Three products, an outer membrane protein (D15), malate dehydrogenase (Mdh), and an ion transporter (AfuA), were examined by Western blot against individual elk serum samples. Sero-reactivity was significantly more frequent for both Mdh and D15 in naturally infected animals, compared to vaccinated and uninfected elk, indicating that antibody to these two antigens is a predictor of natural infection. Cross-reactivity of all three proteins was next examined with serum samples from confirmed brucellosis-positive cattle. While variable patterns of reactivity were seen with the antigens, the sample group was equivalently reactive to AfuA and Mdh, compared to elk, suggesting that these antigens are commonly expressed during infection in both hosts. We conclude that the application of IVIAT to B. abortus may not only facilitate the identification of serologic markers for brucellosis in elk, but may provide further insight into biological processes of the pathogen in different hosts. © 2009 Elsevier B.V.

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