Stratoudakis Y.,IPMA Instituto Portugues do Mar e da Atmosfera IP |
McConney P.,The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus |
Duncan J.,WWF South Africa |
Ghofar A.,Diponegoro University |
And 4 more authors.
Fisheries Research | Year: 2015
The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) is the frontrunner in fisheries certification, receiving both extensive support and strong criticisms. The increasing uptake by fisheries and markets (almost 10% of world fisheries tonnage engaged by the end of 2014) has been followed by a widening pool of stakeholders interacting with the MSC. However, the applicability of the MSC approach for fisheries in the developing world (DW) remains doubtful, reinforced by a worldwide uptake skewed towards developed world fisheries. Here, a group of MSC stakeholders, with the aid of an ad-hoc questionnaire survey, reviews constraints to MSC certification in DW fisheries, evaluates solutions put forward by the MSC, and recommends actions to improve MSC uptake by DW fisheries. Recommendations to the MSC include researching and benchmarking suitable data-limited assessment methods, systematizing and making readily available the experiences of certified fisheries worldwide and constructing specific fisheries capacity-building for regional leaders. The MSC can further review the certification cost, especially for small-scale fisheries and, in partnership with other institutions, mobilize a fund to support specific DW fishery types. This fund could also support the development of market opportunities and infrastructures likely to satisfy local conditions and needs. For wider market intervention, the MSC should consider embarking on some form of vertical differentiation. Finally, for fisheries that may never move towards certification, the group identifies tools and experiences available at MSC that can improve environmental performance and governance bearing. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
Pietersen K.,SLR Consulting |
Colvin C.,WWF South Africa |
Stone A.,American Groundwater Trust |
Love D.,Golder Associates |
And 3 more authors.
Water Wheel | Year: 2014
The Groundwater Division of the Geological Society of South Africa (GWD) and the Mine Water Division of the Water Institute of Southern Africa were the combined hosts of the Unconventional Gas symposium held in Pretoria in August. The symposium provided factual presentations from the viewpoints of the regulatory bodies, industrial organizations, non-governmental organizations, and academic researchers to enable delegates to become more familiar with the topic and able to make better-informed decisions. The symposium unpacked the challenges associated with operation and closure, with various lessons being presented from current projects worldwide.
Von Der Heyden S.,Stellenbosch University |
Barendse J.,WWF South Africa |
Seebregts A.J.,IVeri Payment Technology |
Matthee C.A.,Stellenbosch University
ICES Journal of Marine Science | Year: 2010
Mislabelling poses a threat to the sustainability of seafood supply chains and, when frequent, can significantly affect conservation efforts. Here we identify the most popular fish in the South African market through consumer and retailer surveys and data gathered by a sustainable seafood campaign. Of these species, we tested a number of widely available and generally high-market priced fish, utilizing mtDNA 16S rRNA sequencing. Tests of 178 samples revealed that about half of all fillets are mislabelled. Most problematic was kob, Argyrosomus spp., for which some 84 of fillets provided belonged to other species, including mackerel, croaker, and warehou. Phylogenetic analyses provided strong support that the fillets sold as barracuda and wahoo were probably king mackerel and that red snapper fillets included fillets of river snapper, Lutjanus argentimaculatus, which is a species prohibited for sale in South Africa. We also discovered substitution of yellowtail for dorado. From preliminary population genetic comparisons, some 30 of kingklip samples probably had their origin in New Zealand, rather than southern Africa. The research revealed a market conducive to mislabelling through poor consumer and retailer awareness, and highlighted the value of sustainable seafood campaigns to draw attention to this. © 2009 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea.
Field J.G.,University of Cape Town |
Attwood C.G.,University of Cape Town |
Jarre A.,University of Cape Town |
Sink K.,South African Institute For Aquatic Biodiversity |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Fish Biology | Year: 2013
This paper examines the increasingly close interaction between natural and social scientists, non-governmental organizations (NGO) and industry, in pursuit of responsible ecosystem-based management of fisheries. South Africa has committed to implementing an ecosystem approach to fisheries management. Management advice stems from multi-stakeholder representation on government-led scientific and management working groups. In the hake Merluccius capensis and Merluccius paradoxus fishery, the primary management measure is an annual total allowable catch (TAC), the level of which is calculated using a management procedure (MP) that is revised approximately every 4years. Revision of the MP is a consultative process involving most stakeholders, and is based on simulation modelling of projected probable scenarios of resource and fishery dynamics under various management options. NGOs, such as the Worldwide Fund for Nature in South Africa (WWF-SA), have played an important role in influencing consumers, the fishing industry and government to develop responsible fishing practices that minimize damage to marine ecosystems. Cooperation between industry, government and scientists has helped to improve sustainability and facilitated the meeting of market-based incentives for more responsible fisheries. Research includes ecosystem modelling, spatial analysis and ecosystem risk assessment with increasing research focus on social and economic aspects of the fishery. A four-year cooperative experiment to quantify the effect of trawling on benthic community structure is being planned. The food requirements of top predators still need to be included in the TAC-setting formulae and more social and economic research is needed. This paper also demonstrates how NGO initiatives such as Marine Stewardship Council certification and the Southern African Sustainable Seafood Initiative, a traffic light system of classifying seafood for consumers, have contributed to responsible fishing practices, increased ecosystem research and public awareness. This fishery appears to have a good future, provided that the monitoring, control and surveillance systems continue to function, TACs remain within ecologically sustainable limits and the effective collaboration between government, industry, scientists and NGOs continues to drive positive change. © 2013 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.
News Article | January 21, 2016
Members of the media film as a ranger performs a post mortem on the carcass of a rhino after it was killed for its horn by poachers at the Kruger national park in Mpumalanga province August 27, 2014. Poaching rates had surged from 83 in 2008 to a record 1,215 in 2014 to meet red-hot demand in newly-affluent Asian countries such as Vietnam, where the horn is prized as a key ingredient in traditional medicines. Last year rhino poaching fell to 1,175 compared to 2014. "I am today pleased to announce that for the first time in a decade - the poaching situation has stabilized," Justice Minister Michael Masutha told reporters in the capital Pretoria. South Africa has more than 80 percent of the world's rhino population with about 18,000 white rhinos and close to 2,000 black rhinos. Global trade in rhino horn is banned under the terms of a U.N. convention. Elsewhere in Africa elephant poaching for ivory has been rampant, with Asia also the main market for the illicit commodity. Arrests for poaching increased to 317 from a revised 258 in 2014, Masutha said. The ministry stepped up inspections at airports and borders and also made use of technology to combat rhino poaching, he said. The Kruger National Park, South Africa's main tourist draw, has been on the frontlines of the crisis as it borders Mozambique, one of the world's poorest countries where many of the poachers are based. Rhino poaching numbers there stood at 826 by December, compared to 827 in 2014. Kruger has the largest concentration of rhinos on the planet, with an estimated 8,400 to 9,300 white rhinos, about half of South Africa's population of the species. Conservation group WWF said a decline in poaching numbers was encouraging but that there was "an alarming increase" in slayings in neighboring countries, targeting rhinos in previously secure areas such as Namibia and Zimbabwe. "After seven years of increases, a decline in the rate of rhino poaching in South Africa is very encouraging... but sadly the overall rate remains unacceptably high," said Morné du Plessis, CEO of WWF South Africa.