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Ding H.,Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences | Yang Y.F.,Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences | Yang Y.F.,Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology | Xu H.G.,Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences | And 7 more authors.
Shengtai Xuebao/ Acta Ecologica Sinica | Year: 2015

Subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest typically forms in subtropical areas of the eastern coasts of continents which usually experience moist and monsoon climate conditions. This kind of forest is one of several representative vegetation types in China, which has the largest area covered by this kind of vegetation in the world. Even though subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest is one of the key areas of biodiversity in China and is characteristic of much of the Wuyi Mountains, few studies have reported the species composition and community structure of this mountain range. Recently, dynamic monitoring of forest biodiversity has attracted increased attention of scientists and is known to provide detailed data for understanding the species composition and the community structure of these forests. In July, 2011, a 1.44 hm2(120 m × 120 m) permanent forest plot (27°35' 37"N, 117°45' 54"E, alt. 470—520 m) was established in the Wuyi Mountains for long-term monitoring of plant diversity. Parameters for each individual woody plant with DBH ≥1 cm was recorded, including the number of individuals in the plot, position, diameter at breast height (DBH), plant height, height under living branch, forest health condition and so on. Using our field data, the species composition and community structure of this plot were analyzed based on the species composition, floristic characteristics, size class structure and spatial patterns of the area. A total of 9,116 individuals (1896 branches of trees with trunks in the plots were also included) were found, belonging to 139 species, 65 genera and 34 families. Of the 139 species found, only one was a gymnosperm (Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook.) and only one was a monocot (Phyllostachys edulis (Carrière) J. Houzeau); the rest were dicots. Twenty-three rare species (≤1 individual / hm2) and 46 accidental species (1—10 individuals / hm2) were found in the plot, individuals of which together accounted for 2.8% of the total individuals in the plot. For common species (>100 individuals / hm2), Syzygium buxifolium Hook. & Arn. was most common with 601 individuals or 6.6% of the individuals in the plot, while Altingia gracilipes Hemsl. had the fewest individuals (156, 1.7%) for a common species. No species appeared to be dominant in the plant community, as suggested by the abundance, basal area, the average DBH and importance values of the 139 species. However, the floristic characteristics of the plant community were very important; strong temperate aerial-type species were found at both the family-and genus-level, and a few tropical aerial-type species were intermixed. The size distribution of 12 species with importance value that higher than 3 followed a reverse “J”shape. An evident difference was observed between the number of individuals and species that present with different size classes. For the entire plot, only 3.89% of all individuals had a large DBH (> 20 cm), while 73.89% of all individuals had a small DBH (1 cm ≤ DBH < 6cm). In addition, spatial pattern analysis showed the 12 tree species with high importance values and the large-diameter, mid-diameter and small-diameter trees of the four main species (Engelhardia fenzelii Merr., Castanopsis carlesii (Hemsl.) Hayata, Castanopsis fordii Hance, S. buxifolium) were aggregated, and aggregation intensity decreased as DBH increased. © 2015, Ecological Society of China. All rights reserved. Source


Yang Y.-F.,Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology | Yang Y.-F.,Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences | Ding H.,Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences | Xu H.-G.,Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment | Year: 2013

Based on the data collected from a 1.44 hm2 stationary sample plot of evergreen broad-leaved forest typical of the Wuyi Mountains, Southeast China, spatial distribution patterns of the plant community and the four major plant populations (Engelhardtia fenzelii, Castanopsis carlesii, Castanopsis fordii, and Syzygium buxifolium) in this study area and their interspecific relationships on different scales were studied using Ripley' L function in point pattern analysis and Programita software. Results show: (1) The sample plot is rich in species diversity, consisting of a total of 139 species of trees, among which, none is in obvious dominancy, while Engelhardtia fenzelii ranks first in importance value, being 6.71%. The total number of the woody plants or trees that are listed as top 15 in importance accounts for 56% of the total of the forest. (2) The plant community and the four major plant populations are distributed mainly in cluster, except for the population of Castanopsis carlesii and the population of Syzygium buxifolium that shows certain randomicity on the scale of 42-55 m and >47-60 m, respectively. The plant community was lower than individual plant populations in congregation intensity. (3) Negative intra-specific relationships dominate between the four major plant populations, indicating that intense competitions between species, frequent subrogation of species and unstable composition and structure of the community. Source

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