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Warsaw, Poland

Background: Tomato fruits contain a high level of antioxidants such as vitamin C, polyphenols (including flavonoids), and carotenoids (such as lycopene and β-carotene). Some studies have shown the higher level of bioactive compounds in organically produced tomato fruits compared to conventional ones, but not all studies were consistent in this respect. The levels of carotenoids and phenolics are very variable and may be affected by ripeness, genotype and cultivation. The aim of the study was to compare the effects of organic and conventional production systems on chemical properties and phenolic compounds of two tomato types (standard and cherry). The experiment was carried out in two growing seasons of 2008 and 2009, and in three organic and three conventional farms. Results: The results obtained have shown that, in 2008, organic tomatoes presented a higher ratio of reducing sugars/organic acids, and contained significantly more total sugars, vitamin C and total flavonoids, 3-quercetin rutinoside, and myricetin in comparison with the conventional fruits. In 2009, organic tomatoes contained significantly more vitamin C, quercetin-3-O-glucoside and chlorogenic acid, myricetin and kaempferol in comparison with the conventional fruits. Conclusions: The organic growing system affects tomato quality parameters such as nutritional value and phenolic compound content. The second significant factor of nutritional value of tomato is the type of fruits. It would be necessary to continue this study as a long-term experiment in order to eliminate the influence of seasonality. © 2012 Society of Chemical Industry.

Berezowski T.,WULS SGGW | Chormanski J.,WULS SGGW | Kleniewska M.,WULS SGGW | Szporak-Wasilewska S.,Water Center Laboratory
International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS) | Year: 2015

In this study we develop a spatial model for interception capacity of vegetation based on LiDAR data. The study is conducted in the natural wetland river valley dominated meadows, reeds and small bushes. The multiple regression model was chosen to relate the field measurements of interception capacity and LiDAR statistics at 2m grid. The optimal model was chosen by stepwise selection and further manual variables selection resulting in the r2 of 0.52 and the residual standard error of 0.27 mm. The model preserved the vegetation pattern spatially and showed reasonable estimates for both vegetation covered and not covered by field sampling. The model was, however, affected by LiDAR measurements corrupted by river inundation. The results show good perspective for using LiDAR data for interception capacity estimation. © 2015 IEEE.

Santoro A.,University of Bologna | Pini E.,University of Bologna | Scurti M.,University of Bologna | Palmas G.,University of Bologna | And 61 more authors.
Mechanisms of Ageing and Development | Year: 2014

The development of a chronic, low grade, inflammatory status named "inflammaging" is a major characteristic of ageing, which plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of age-related diseases. Inflammaging is both local and systemic, and a variety of organs and systems contribute inflammatory stimuli that accumulate lifelong. The NU-AGE rationale is that a one year Mediterranean whole diet (considered by UNESCO a heritage of humanity), newly designed to meet the nutritional needs of the elderly, will reduce inflammaging in fully characterized subjects aged 65-79 years of age, and will have systemic beneficial effects on health status (physical and cognitive). Before and after the dietary intervention a comprehensive set of analyses, including omics (transcriptomics, epigenetics, metabolomics and metagenomics) will be performed to identify the underpinning molecular mechanisms. NU-AGE will set up a comprehensive database as a tool for a systems biology approach to inflammaging and nutrition. NU-AGE is highly interdisciplinary, includes leading research centres in Europe on nutrition and ageing, and is complemented by EU multinational food industries and SMEs, interested in the production of functional and enriched/advanced traditional food tailored for the elderly market, and European Federations targeting policy makers and major stakeholders, from consumers to EU Food & Drink Industries. © 2013.

Hallmann E.,WULS SGGW | Lipowski J.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Biotechnology | Marszalek K.,Institute of Agricultural and Food Biotechnology | Rembialkowska E.,WULS SGGW
Plant Foods for Human Nutrition | Year: 2013

A specific objective of this paper was to evaluate seasonal changes in bioactive compounds level (carotenoids and polyphenols) in juice prepared from organic and non-organic tomatoes in Poland. In the examined tomato juice, the content of dry matter, vitamin C, carotenoids as well as polyphenols (by HPLC method) has been measured. The presented results indicate the impact of the growing system and the year of production on the composition of tomato juice. The organic tomato juice contained significantly more beta-carotene, chlorogenic acid, rutin as well as more total phenolic acids, gallic acid, p-coumaric acid, total flavonoids, quercetin-3-O-glucoside and quercetin in comparison with the non-organic. The tomato juice from 2008 contained significantly more carotenoids and some flavonoids compared to the one produced in 2009, which contained significantly more dry matter, vitamin C, as well as quercetin and it derivatives. © 2013 The Author(s).

Sas W.,Water Center Laboratory | Sas W.,Laboratorium Centrum Wodne | Gluchowski A.,WULS SGGW | Bakowski J.,Water Center Laboratory | Szymanski A.,WULS SGGW
Scientific Review Engineering and Environmental Sciences | Year: 2013

In this paper threats from negligence of cyclic loading on footings by authors of Eurocode 7 as cause of weakness or loss mechanical properties was presented. "Shakedown" and Brakan's models which describe behavior of soil under cyclic loading was presented as example of behavior which soils perform during numerous of load. Barkan's model base on constants of compression and shear which can obtain by coefficient of elastic uniform compression (Cu). Way to define Cu constant based on Young modulus. Barkan's model describe soil as spring and by this cause authors of this paper propose change of Young modulus E equivalent to resilient modulus MR which can be obtain from cCBR test. © Warsaw University of Life Sciences Press, Warsaw 2013.

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