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Xu H.G.,Wannan Medical College | Song J.-X.,Wannan Medical College | Cheng J.-F.,Wuhu No. 1 Peoples Hospital | Zhang P.-Z.,Wannan Medical College | And 4 more authors.
Chinese Medical Journal | Year: 2013

Background C-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway and ankylosis gene (ANK) play a critical role in endplate chondrocytes degeneration. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the expression levels of ANK was associated with the activation of JNK. Methods Cartilage endplates of 49 patients were divided into the control group (n=19) and the experimental group (n=30). The patients in the control group were graded 0 and those in the experimental group were graded I-III according to Miller's classification. Endplate chondrocytes were isolated by enzyme digestion and cultured in vitro. The inverted phase contrast microscope, teluidine blue staining, HE staining, real time RT-PCR, and MTT were used to observe morphological appearances, biological characteristics, and growth curve of endplate chondrocytes from the cartilage endplate of the two groups. Real time RT-PCR and Western blotting were used to analyze the mRNA and protein expression levels of associated factors in the degeneration process in the cultured endplate chondrocytes with or without subjected SP600125. Results The expression levels of type II collagen, aggrecan, and ANK in endplate chondrocytes of experimental group were lower than that of control group and phosphorylation level of JNK in the experimental group which was higher than that in the control group. Application of JNK phosphorylation inhibitor to degeneration chondrocytes resulted in a marked decrease in the phosphorylation level of JNK and a significant increase in the expression levels of type II collagen, aggrecan, and ANK. Conclusion The degeneration of the human cervical endplate chondrocytes might be promoted by JNK phosphorylation by down-regulating the expression of ANK. © 2013 Chinese Medical Journal. Source

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