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Li H.,Shandong University | Li H.,Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute | Song P.,Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute | Zou B.,Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute | And 6 more authors.
Medicine (United States)

In several epithelial malignancies, detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in the peripheral blood has diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic implications. However, the clinical relevance of CTCs in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has not yet been ascertained. The study was conducted with the aim of determining the clinical significance of CTCs in patients with ESCC by using 2 CTC detection systems, one epithelial marker-dependent and the other epithelial marker-independent. Paired peripheral blood samples were prospectively obtained from 61 ESCC patients before treatment and were analyzed for CTCs isolated by the CellSearch™ system (CS) and the method of isolation by size of epithelial tumor (ISET). Blood samples from 22 healthy volunteers were used as controls. Out of 61 study subjects, CTCs were detected in 20 patients (32.8%) by the ISET method and in only 1 patient (1.6%) by the CS method. Circulating tumor microemboli (CTM) were observed in 3 of 61 (4.9%) patients using ISET, but were undetectable in any of the patient by CS method. No CTCs/CTM were detected by either method in control groups. By ISET method, the presence of CTCs appeared to correlate with the stage of ESCC and with the baseline median platelet levels. No correlation with any other relevant clinicopathological variables was observed. Our results clearly indicate the ability of both CS and ISET methods to detect CTCs in peripheral blood samples from ESCC patients. However, the CellSearch™ system appears to have a poorer sensitivity as compared with the ISET method. Further studies are essential for assessing the role of such technologies in ESCC. Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Zhang B.,Affiliated Hospital of Academy of Military Medical science | Xu C.-W.,Affiliated Hospital of Academy of Military Medical science | Shao Y.,Affiliated Hospital of Academy of Military Medical science | Wang H.-T.,Affiliated Hospital of Academy of Military Medical science | And 7 more authors.
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine

Early detection of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation, particularly EGFR T790M mutation, is of clinical significance. The aim of the present study was to compare the performances of amplification refractory mutation system-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction (ARMS-qPCR) and droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR) approaches in the detection of EGFR mutation and explore the feasibility of using ddPCR in the detection of samples with low mutation rates. EGFR gene mutations in plasmid samples with different T790M mutation rates (0.1-5%) and 10 clinical samples were detected using the ARMS-qPCR and ddPCR approaches. The results demonstrated that the ARMS-qPCR method stably detected the plasmid samples (6,000 copies) with 5 and 1% mutation rates, while the ddPCR approach reliably detected those with 5% (398 copies), 1% (57 copies), 0.5% (24 copies) and 0.1% (average 6 copies) mutation rates. For the 10 clinical samples, the results for nine samples by the ARMS-qPCR and ddPCR methods were consistent; however, the sample N006, indicated to be EGFR wild-type by ARMS-qPCR, was revealed to have a clear EGFR T790M mutation with seven copies of mutant alleles in a background of 6,000 wild-type copies using ddPCR technology. This study demonstrates the feasibility of applying the ddPCR system to detect EGFR mutation and identified the advantage of ddPCR in the detection of samples with a low EGFR mutation abundance, particularly the secondary EGFR T790M resistance mutation, which enables early diagnosis before acquired resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitors becomes clinically detectable. © 2015, Spandidos Publications. All rights reserved. Source

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