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Li Y.,Central China Normal University | Wang Y.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Li W.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Han J.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | And 4 more authors.
Photonic Network Communications | Year: 2015

A novel uplink data transmission method in electrical code division multiplexing passive optical networks is proposed, simulated and experimentally verified, in which each optical network unit (ONU) is assigned a special multi-level orthogonal code based on wavelet packet transform. Comparing with the normal bi-level orthogonal code by using Walsh code or Gold code, the proposed method can improve the bandwidth utilizations and reduce the optical beat noise. Simulation results show 31 ONUs, of which each data rate is 10 Gb/s and total rate is 310 Gb/s, can be transmitted 30 km. Three ONUs with each data at 622 Mb/s over 50-km single-mode fiber is experimentally demonstrated. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source


Feng Q.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Li W.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Zheng Q.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Han J.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | And 6 more authors.
Optics Express | Year: 2015

The backscattering noises introduced by Rayleigh and stimulated Brillouin scattering have been experimentally studied by means of their spectrum broadening, the scattering power variation and their impacts on upstream signals with different transmission fiber lengths and incident powers in a single-fiber bidirectional passive optical network (PON) communication system. The results show that both spontaneous scattering and simulated scattering can take place. The power and spectrum of backscattering noises are determined by the downstream launch power, laser linewidth and transmission fiber length. With the transmission length increasing, the power of backscattering noises gets higher, the spectrum of the backscattering noise broadens and the simulated threshold power decreases. The backscattering noise can beat with uplink light to modulate envelop of upstream signal resulting in degradation of BER greatly. Under the condition of one single channel for the second next generation PON (NG-PON2), the fiber length is 40km and downstream launch power is up to 11dBm. At this time, the backscattering noises are easy to be stimulated and the scattering power rises up from -20dBm to 10dBm, which can overwhelm the US signal. The spectrum of the optical beat interference noise also rises up with fiber length, which causes the uplink's BER degradation. The experimental results are significant for mitigation of backscattering noises under the condition of bidirectional PONs. © 2015 Optical Society of America. Source

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