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Guo F.,Central South University | Chang-Richards Y.,University of Auckland | Wilkinson S.,University of Auckland | Li T.C.,Wuhan Railway Bureau
International Journal of Project Management | Year: 2014

Large infrastructure construction projects are prone to risks. Using desktop review and interviews with stakeholder organizations in two major infrastructure projects (the Yi-wan Railway Construction Project in China and the Northern Gateway Toll Road (NGTR) Project in New Zealand), this study investigated how different project governance structures affect the management of risks. Comparative analysis shows that project governance provides a structured mechanism to identify and address risks as they occur. Despite varied context, two projects relied upon flexible contractual arrangements to leverage risks among project participants. While a centralized, single-agent governance was adopted in the form of Project Management Headquarters (PMH) in Yi-wan Railway project, an alliance governance structure was used in the NGTR project. The former enabled top-down risk allocation whereas the latter encouraged proactive solutions to risk sharing. The research outcomes will inform the decision making among project stakeholders on establishing appropriate project governance arrangements in order to achieve target risk management outcome. By comparing real-time projects of varied scope, complexity and significance, the findings contribute to an improved understanding of the relationship between project organizations and project risk management. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Wang H.,Wuhan University of Technology | Li X.,Wuhan University of Technology | Zhao K.,Wuhan Railway Bureau | Xie B.,Wuhan University of Technology
Zhongguo Jixie Gongcheng/China Mechanical Engineering | Year: 2015

Multilayer metal hot forging die is an effective method to improve the service life of the die based on the idea of FGM. The samples of multi metal hot forging die were prepared through shielded metal arc welding herein. After post weld heat treatment, the microstructure analysis, microhardness test, wear test and impact toughness test were done. The test results show that, interface of cobalt alloy surfacing layer and W6Mo5Cr4V2 surfacing layer bonds in good condition. The microhardness of cross section is in gradient distribution and the surface hardness of cobalt alloy reaches 492HV. Wear resistance is 2.5 times that of H13 and the impact toughness is in a rational range. ©, 2015, China Mechanical Engineering Magazine Office. All right reserved. Source


Dong W.,Wuhan Railway Bureau
Wuhan Ligong Daxue Xuebao (Jiaotong Kexue Yu Gongcheng Ban)/Journal of Wuhan University of Technology (Transportation Science and Engineering) | Year: 2011

As research on the action mechanism and the reinforce effectiveness of spray-bolt supporting to wall rock, the model testing and the numerical simulation is used in this paper. The strain inner enclosing rock, displacement of wall, anchorage strain, longitudinal stress are measured and recorded, and the stress feature and the deformation character of spray-bolt supporting in the homogeneous wall rock are researched. And the effect of reinforce effectiveness from selecting of supporting parameter is explored. And then, the reinforce effectiveness of wall rock supported by singly anchorage and spray-bolt supporting analyzed. The calculated result from the finite difference software is similar to the testing data, which could prove the effectiveness and accuracy of parameter selecting and model building. Finally, the reasonable advice on anchorage support parameter and layout scheme is given according to the result. Source


Wang X.-Q.,Wuhan University of Technology | Zou W.-L.,Wuhan University | Luo Y.-D.,Shenzhen Institute of Investigation and Mapping | Wang J.-F.,Wuhan Railway Bureau | Deng W.-D.,Chongqing Communication Institute
Yantu Gongcheng Xuebao/Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering | Year: 2011

The variation of matrix suction of Gansu loess with temperature is obtained under different compaction degrees and water contents by means of tensiometer, and the soil-water characteristics curves (SWCCs) of Chongqing clay under different compaction degrees are obtained by means of pressure plate apparatus. The test results show that 1 under the same compaction degree and water content, the matrix suction linearly decreases approximately with the increase of temperature; 2 under the same compaction degree and temperature, the matrix suction decreases with the increase of water content; 3 under the same temperature and water content, the compaction degree primarily affects the middle section of SWCCs, and the influence is greater while the compaction degree is higher, but the influence of the compaction degree on the matrix suction is low at the sections of SWCCs with high matrix suction and water content; 4 a linear formula fitting the linear section of SWCCs of Chongqing clay is provided, which includes compaction degree of soil, and it is similar to that for Gansu loess obtained by Professor Chen. Source


Yin Y.-J.,CAS Institute of Automation | Wang X.-G.,CAS Institute of Automation | Xu D.,CAS Institute of Automation | Zhang Z.-T.,CAS Institute of Automation | And 2 more authors.
2013 25th Chinese Control and Decision Conference, CCDC 2013 | Year: 2013

When a small object is measured by micro cameras, a sharp image of the whole object is impossible to be obtained because the depth of the object's surface is different and the distance between different parts of the object's surface maybe deeper than the depth of field of the micro camera. The camera is focused on different areas of the object's surface and a series of multi-focus images are taken. The relative depths between the object surface's different sub-regions will be got by comparing image sharpness evaluation function values of multi-focus images' same sub-regions and considering the relative position between the camera and the object. Thus the surface depth is obtained. Multi-focus images' sub-regions with maximum image sharpness evaluation function values are combined into an image. The experimental results verify the effectiveness of the proposed methods. © 2013 IEEE. Source

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