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Wang W.,Huazhong Agricultural University | Asim M.,Huazhong Agricultural University | Yi L.,Huazhong Agricultural University | Hegazy A.M.,Huazhong Agricultural University | And 7 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences | Year: 2015

Snakehead fish vesiculovirus (SHVV) is a negative strand RNA virus which can cause great economic losses in fish culture. To facilitate the study of SHVV-host interactions, the susceptibility of zebrafish embryonic fibroblast cell line (ZF4) to the SHVV was investigated in this report. The results showed that high amount of viral mRNAs and cRNAs were detected at the 3 h post-infection. However, the expressions of the viral mRNAs and cRNA were decreased dramatically after 6 h post-infection. In addition, the expressions of interferon (IFN) and interferon-induced GTP-binding protein Mx were all up regulated significantly at the late stage of the infection. Meanwhile, the expressions of Retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) and Melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5) were also all up-regulated significantly during the infection. Two isoforms of DrLGP2 from zebrafish were also cloned and analyzed. Interestingly, the expression of DrLGP2a but not DrLGP2b was significantly up-regulated at both mRNA and protein levels, indicating that the two DrLGP2 isoforms might play different roles during the SHVV infection. Transfection experiment showed that viral replicative intermediates were required for the activation of IFN-α expression. Taken together, the abortive infection of SHVV in ZF4 cells was associated with the activation of RLRs pathway, which was activated by viral replicative intermediates. © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Dong X.,Huazhong Agricultural University | Qin Z.,Huazhong Agricultural University | Hu X.,Huazhong Agricultural University | Hu X.,Wuhan Polytechnic University | And 8 more authors.
Fish and Shellfish Immunology | Year: 2015

Cyclophilin A (CypA) is a ubiquitously expressed protein which involves in diverse pathological conditions including infection and inflammation. In this report, a CypA gene (designated as YC-CypA) was cloned from yellow catfish (. Pelteobagrus fulvidraco) which is an important cultured fish species in Asian countries. The open reading frame (ORF) of YC-CypA encoded a polypeptide of 164 amino acids with calculated molecular weight of 17.70kDa. The deduced amino acid sequences of the YC-CypA shared highly conserved structures with CypAs from the other species, indicating that YC-CypA should be a new member of the CypA family. Full-length YC-CypA protein was expressed in Escherichia coli and specific polyclonal antibody against YC-CypA was generated. The YC-CypA protein showed chemotactic activity by transwell migration assay. The mRNA and protein of YC-CypA could be detected in all examined tissues with relatively higher mRNA level in spleen and higher protein level in head kidney, respectively. The temporal expression patterns of YC-CypA, IL-1β and TNF-α mRNAs were analyzed in the liver, spleen and head kidney post of Edwardsiella ictaluri infection. By immunohistochemistry assay, slight enhancement of YC-CypA protein was observed in the liver, spleen, body kidney and head kidney of yellow catfish infected with E.ictaluri. In conclusion, YC-CypA of yellow catfish showed chemotactic activity invitro and might have been involved in cytokines secretion in yellow catfish during the infection of E.ictaluri. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Hu X.,Huazhong Agricultural University | Hu X.,Wuhan Polytechnic University | Fu X.,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences | Fu X.,Huazhong Agricultural University | And 11 more authors.
Fish and Shellfish Immunology | Year: 2015

Infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus (ISKNV) has caused significant economic losses in the cultured Mandarin fish (Siniperca chuatsi) industry. The molecular mechanisms that underlie the pathogenesis of the viral infection remain poorly understood. In this study, deep RNA sequencing technique was used to analyze the transcriptomic profiles of Mandarin fish brain cells (CPB) at progressive time points after ISKNV infection. A total of 96,206,040 clean data from 98,235,240 sequence reads were obtained. These raw data were assembled into 66,787 unigenes. Among these unigenes, 33,225 and 29,210 had significant hit the Nr and SwissProt databases where they matched 27,537and 19,638 unique protein accessions, respectively. In the samples harvested at 24 or 72h post of the infection, a total of 10,834 or 7584 genes were differentially expressed in infected CPB cells compared to non-infected cells, including 5445 or 3766 up-regulated genes and 5389 or 3818 down-regulated genes, respectively. In addition, 12 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were validated by quantitative PCR. These DEGs were involved in many pathways of viral pathogenesis. Further analysis of the major DEGs genes involved in the RLRs and apoptosis pathways revealed some interesting findings. In the RLRs pathway, ISKNV infection inhibited the activation of NF-κB via over expression of the IKKB-α and IKKB-β and lessened expression of interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK4). In the apoptosis pathway, ISKNV infection could induce apoptosis mainly via tumor necrosis factor (TNF) mediated extrinsic pathway. The cellular apoptosis induced by ISKNV infection was confirmed using annexinV-FITC/PI and DAPI staining methods. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Zhou W.,Wuhan Fishery Research Institute | Zhang Y.,Huazhong Agricultural University | Wen Y.,Hong Kong Baptist University | Ji W.,Huazhong Agricultural University | And 10 more authors.
Fish and Shellfish Immunology | Year: 2015

Flavobacterium columnare (FC) is the causative pathogen of columnaris which has caused great economic loss in fish culture worldwide, including in Mandarin fish (Siniperca chuatsi) culture. In the present study, the transcriptomic profiles of the head kidneys from FC-infected and non-infected Mandarin fish were obtained using HiSeq™ 2000 (Illumina). Totally 31,168 unigenes with high quality were obtained. Genes involved in protein folding, metabolism and energy, immune responses, oxidoreductase activity, cell growth and death were identified as enriched classes. 1019 differently expressed genes between the two groups were identified, including 603 up-regulated and 416 down-regulated genes. 27 differently expressed immune related genes were scrutinized, including 17 up-regulated and 10 down-regulated genes. Six of the differently expressed genes were further validated by qRT-PCR. The roles of the immune related genes were discussed. Identification of the host genes in response to FC infection will shed a new light on the prevention of columnaris. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

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