Wrocław University of Technology is an autonomous technical university in Wrocław, Poland. With buildings dispersed throughout the city, its main facilities are gathered at a central location near Plac Grunwaldzki, alongside the Oder River. It operates three regional branches in Jelenia Góra, Legnica, and Wałbrzych. Wikipedia.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2015 | Award Amount: 1.31M | Year: 2016
In todays world, access to information is a decisive factor advancing industry, society and even culture. It is therefore of great importance to understand why and how some information (e.g. some memes) spreads virally with great ease, while other is met with disinterest and omission. Uncovering the reasons may allow promoting important information, like warnings about cyber-attacks, while stifle harmful rumors, such as vaccines causing autism. The aim of the project is to treat the vast complexity of such information dynamics in social systems by involving researchers in social sciences, journalism, computing, data mining and complexity science. The Projects objectives are: - discovery and reverse-engineering the mechanisms of information spreading in social media, such as dynamics of news releases, blog and internet for posts, Twitter messages, e-mails etc., - training and exchange of knowledge between partners in different domains coming from Warsaw University of Technology, Jozef Stefan Institute, Wroclaw University of Technology and leading world universities Stanford University, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Nanyang Technological University, - bidirectional knowledge transfer between academia and media industry (Slovenian Press Agency) by exposing researchers to real-life problems and giving business access to innovative methods and tools for information analysis. The project will be based on three pillars: data acquisition, data mining/machine learning and complex systems modeling. The specific problems addressed will include understanding rules of and predicting information spreading in different media and about different topics, finding information sources and uncovering hidden information channels. The secondments will accelerate individual careers of involved researchers, especially early stage ones. The project will lay foundations for long-term collaboration by strengthening existing links between partners and creating new ones.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SPIRE-01-2014 | Award Amount: 6.00M | Year: 2015
The DISIRE project has been inspired by the real existing needs of multiple industrial sectors, including the world leading industrial partners in the non-ferrous, ferrous, chemical and steel industries that are highly connected and already affiliated with the SPIRE PPP and its objectives. The overall clear and measurable objective of the DISIRE project is to evolve the existing industrial processes by advancing the Sustainable Process Industry through an overall Resource and Energy efficiency by the technological breakthroughs and concepts of the DISIRE technological platform in the field of Industrial Process Control (IPC). With the DISIRE project the properties of the raw materials or product flows will be dramatically integrated by their transformation in a unique inline measuring system that will extend the level of knowledge and awareness of the internal dynamics of the undergoing processes taking place during transformation or integration of raw materials in the next levels of production. In this approach, the Integrated Process Control system, instead of having external experts to tune the overall processes, based on the DISIRE concept will enable the self reconfiguration of all the production lines by the produced products itself. Specific DISIRE Process Analyzer Technology (PAT) will be able to define quality and performance requirements, that for the first time in the process industry will be able to be directly applied on the physical properties of the developed products and thus enabling the overall online and product specific reconfiguration of the control system. In this way, the whole production can be fully integrated in a holistic approach from the raw materials to the end product, allowing the multiple process reconfigurations and an optimal operation based on the products properties that can be generalized in a whole product production cycle being spanned in multiple cross-sectorial processes.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: NMBP-36-2016 | Award Amount: 1.47M | Year: 2016
FUTURING aims at contributing to define the strategy for the re-industrialization of Europe, by focusing on the role of Research and Innovation within the framework of other dimensions Economy, Society, Environment, Globalization, geopolitics and incoming paradigms such as Circular Economy. It explores 2030 future scenarios, concerning EU Industry, through the use of foresight and other Policy Intelligence tools, to identify critical factors on which action should be taken in order to overcome barriers and to foster opportunities for the EU re-industrialization process. A large variety of experts and stakeholders, both directly as partners and externals, representing the main dimensions of the landscape in which the EU re-industrialization is going to take place, are participating. Given the number of participants, their location in different countries of Europe, it is expected that the output of the project will be widely disseminated among relevant stakeholders throughout Europe. In particular, Recommendations will provide Policy Makers, at European, National and Regional level, guidelines for future Research and Innovation activities.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-EJD | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-EJD | Award Amount: 2.48M | Year: 2015
EDEN is a platform for the training and career development of 10 early-stage researchers (ESRs) in Vision Sciences. It coordinates research and training collaboration among 4 leading academic institutions in Europe, providing for a new combination of in-depth expertise from different countries. Furthermore, to strengthen the contact with the industrial world, the network has the following partners: 1 large company of hospitals, 1 SME that provides advance ophthalmic devices for ocular examination and 2 large companies specialized in eye-care products. It emphasises experience-based training through cross-disciplinary research projects that will analyse the lacrimal functional unit with state-of-the-art technology and assess the structural and physiological changes occurring in Dry Eye Disease (DED) patients. This will spur the generation of newer metrics to better differentiate between normal and DED patients. Further benefits include improvements in DED diagnosis and monitoring, studies on the effect of various DED treatments, development of DED aetiology-specific treatments and exploration of the risk factors that favour development of the disease or intensify its symptoms. EDEN will offer to 10 ESRs: (1) state-of-the-art approaches and techniques essential to studying DED through research projects, courses, and scientific exchange within and beyond the network; (2) essential career management skills via courses and practical activities aimed to develop their organisational, management and networking skills; (3) an understanding of the impact of research results for the private sector and insight into the business world via interaction with the industrial partners; (4) new possibilities of career development via professional contacts in academia and industry. The long-term synergies among EDEN partners, will structure European research and training capabilities in vision science. The training structure proposed will enable each ESR to earn a double PhD title.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SPIRE-01-2014 | Award Amount: 5.59M | Year: 2015
Real-time measurements of multi-components in process streams respond to long demanded industry requirements of fast, accurate, reliable and economical process analyzers. The rise of such -yet unavailable systems will lead to a paradigm change throughout the process control and production chain. Significant cost savings from the Total-Cost-of-Ownership to improved process efficiency will result. We focus on the development of compact, robust and maintenance-free sensors for fast in-line multi-species chemical composition measurements for process analytics of many technically relevant gases such as hydrocarbons. The projected sensors will replace state-of-the-art systems of elevated cost and pollution. We will extend established laser-based in-line gas sensing to the mid-infrared chemical fingerprint spectral range for multi-species detection. The developments base upon two key technologies: (1) The integration of mid-IR laser arrays and (2) the advancement of spectroscopic and chemometric data evaluation. Tasks performed today with extractive systems with a delayed response of several minutes will become available within seconds and negligible delay. Demonstrators will be integrated in the control loop of a petro-chemical plant allowing significant improvements as optimized product quality, minimized waste and thus less environmental pollution and increased safety in cases where hazardous conditions have to be detected without delay. The consortium represents the whole value added chain with major players in the field of mid-IR laser sources and their integration (nanoplus, III-V Lab), as well as a major player in the field of process analyzing equipment (Siemens AG). The contributions of scientifically established universities and institutes (CEA Leti, Universitt Wrzburg and Politechnika Wroclawska) and one SME (Airoptic) complete together with a prominent representative of the petrochemical industry (PREEM AB) as end user the consortium.
Wojaczynska E.,Wroclaw University of Technology |
Wojaczynski J.,Wrocław University
Chemical Reviews | Year: 2010
Various achievements in the field of enantioselective synthesis of sulfoxides in years 2000-2009 are compiled. A series of (4-X-benzyl) p-tolyl sulfoxides was prepared in both enantiomeric forms using the Andersen method. Diastereomers of S-oxidized N-protected S-methyl or S-propyl-L-cysteine methyl ester were prepared using the DAG methodology and was found that the diastereomeric ratio is stongly dependent on the combination of solvent and base. While identifying the best method for the preparation of nonracemic modafinil derivatives, it was found that chiral oxaziridines give better results than metal-based systems. Studies on the sulfoxidation of the series of 2-arylsulfanylpyrroles demonstrated that the synthetic Kagan and Modena protocols could be applied with success if the electron-withdrawing groups differentiated the two substituents of the sulfur atom.
Budzianowski W.M.,Wroclaw University of Technology
Energy | Year: 2012
Carbon-based energy vectors can use existing energy infrastructures and can serve all energy applications including transport. The review analyses how carbon-based energy vectors can be made suitable for design of low CO 2 intensive and cost-effective energy systems. For this purpose several interesting carbon management technologies which well integrate and add value to energy technologies are expounded. It is shown that energy systems involving carbon-based vectors can achieve very low CO 2 intensity when they use energy mix of carbon positive and carbon negative technologies. The focus of the study is on promising carbon management technologies which can achieve: (i) minimised atmospheric CO 2 emissions by sources and/or (ii) maximised CO 2 removals from the atmosphere by sinks. Further, the opportunities for integration of value-added carbon management technologies into fossil fuel, biomass and renewable energy technologies are discussed. In summary, perspectives and constraints of energy technologies integrated with value-added carbon management are expounded. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Budzianowski W.M.,Wroclaw University of Technology
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2012
The article investigates prospects and challenges for expanding of sustainable biogas energy in Poland. The number of Polish biogas fuelled power plants and installed electrical power during the 2001-2010 decade is presented. Current economical incentives for biogas energy are discussed. It is emphasized that some revisions to the Polish tradable certificate system are urgently needed in order to encourage energy crop cultivation and the use of best available power technologies. Further, promising, but mostly unexplored feedstocks, such as energy crops, grasses and sorted municipal organic wastes are analyzed. It is also revealed that agrobiogas is characterized by a unique feature of 'negative net' CO2 atmospheric emissions and thus the role of agrobiogas in solving Polish CCS dilemmas is discussed. In regard to biogas energy systems it is stressed, that the cost of electricity from biogas is almost independent on the size of agrobiogas CHP power plants in the range of 0.2-5 MWe. Therefore agrobiogas energy is well suited for distributed energy systems involving small-scale agrobiogas power plants offering more green jobs and improved local waste management characteristics. Finally, reliable technologies suitable for biogas energy conversion and upgrading of biogas fuel to marketable gaseous fuels are briefly characterized. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Budzianowski W.M.,Wroclaw University of Technology
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2012
Conventional fossil fuel-based energy technologies can achieve efficiency in energy conversion but they are usually completely inefficient in carbon conversion because they generate significant CO 2 emissions to the atmosphere per unit energy converted. In contrast, some renewable energy technologies characterized by negative carbon intensity can simultaneously achieve efficiency in the conversion of energy and in the conversion of carbon. These carbon negative renewable energy technologies can generate useful energy and remove CO 2 from the atmosphere, either by direct capture and recycling of atmospheric CO 2 or indirectly, by involving biofuels. Interestingly, the deployment of carbon negative renewable energy technologies can offset carbon emissions from conventional fossil fuel-based energy technologies and thus reduce the overall carbon intensity of energy systems. The current review analyzes two groups of renewable energy technologies involving biomass or CO 2 as inputs. The discussions focus on useful techniques which enable to achieve negative carbon intensity of energy while being technologically promising in near-term as well as cost-effective. These analyzes include advanced carbon sequestration concepts such as soil carbon sequestration and CO 2 recycling to useful C-rich products such as fuels and fertilizers. The 'drop-in' of renewable energy is achieved by allowing bioenergy and renewable energies in the form of renewable electricity, renewable thermal energy, solar energy, renewable hydrogen, etc. The carbon negative renewable energy technologies are analyzed and perspectives and constraints of each technology are expounded. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-IF-GF | Phase: MSCA-IF-2014-GF | Award Amount: 227.36K | Year: 2016
Cancer is one of the most devastating diseases leading to millions of deaths per year, and cancer research is a major topic in many laboratories in academia and industry. The main goal in this proposal is to understand the biology of cancer progression that will lead to the discovery of new, more tailored and personalized anticancer therapies. One of the largest group of enzymes that greatly contribute in cancer progression are proteases. In this project I will leverage the production of highly selective chemical probes to investigate the contribution of medically important proteases in tumor progression in PDX (Patient-Derived Xenograft) mice models using a new analytical technique - mass cytometry. This goal will be achieved via a four-step approach employing techniques from organic chemistry, analytical chemistry, biochemistry and biology making this project multidisciplinary. Proteases that have been chosen for this purpose are caspases, legumain and cathepsins B, L and S for which I will synthesize very specific, small molecule radiolabeled inhibitors suitable for mass cytometry approach. These probes will be first evaluated on recombinant enzymes and simple cell systems and then they will be applied to PDX mice studies. PDX models offer an excellent possibility to study human cancer biology in system most closely related to in vivo pathology. So far there are no reports in the literature regarding the use of mass cytometry in studies of PDX mice models, which makes this project very unique and innovative. This PROVIST project will be performed in Sanford Burnham Medical Research Institute, USA (24-months outgoing phase, prof. Guy Salvesen Lab) and at Wroclaw University of Technology, Poland (12-months return phase, dr. Marcin Drag Lab). The research and training profile of these units fits all the objectives that are included into PROVIST project (scientific research and personal career development).