News Article | May 4, 2017
By 2025, African governments hope that 40% of the total fish consumed in Africa will be met by aquaculture. Ongoing research and training provided by the WorldFish-run Africa Aquaculture Research and Training Center in Egypt will be critical to achieving this goal. Since opening in 1998, the center has developed a faster-growing strain of Nile tilapia and trained over 1690 individuals from 105 countries in aquaculture techniques.
News Article | May 5, 2017
WorldFish hopes that its Africa Aquaculture Research and Training Center in Egypt will help ensure that 40 percent of the total fish consumed on the continent will be met by aquaculture by 2025. This ambitious target has been set by African governments and the WorldFish center is helping by providing training on best-practice techniques to workers in the fish farming sector across the continent. To date, over 1690 government officers, university staff members, farmers, extension agents and researchers from 105 countries have received training, according to Kate Bevitt of WorldFish. “We learned many different techniques in aquaculture and hopefully when I get back to my country it will help in capacity building,” said training participant Folani A Olayinka, a fisheries officer from Nigeria. The best-practice training programs are based on findings from the center’s research into new and improved fish farming technologies, which has been ongoing since the center opened in 1998. Since 2000, the center has run a breeding program for a faster-growing strain of Nile tilapia, known as the Abbassa improved strain. Dissemination of the Abbassa strain has benefited many farmers in Egypt, the third-largest tilapia-producing country in the world. “I used to produce four tons of tilapia,” explained Egyptian fish farmer Hamada Refaat Attia. “But now, after using the Abbassa strain, the total production of my ponds is about five tons.” Spread over 62 hectares in the Nile delta, the center has 185 earthen ponds, 75 indoor concrete tanks and a research laboratory. These facilities are used by research institutions and private businesses from Africa and beyond to engage in collaborative research with the center. In 2016, the global feed manufacturer Skretting partnered with WorldFish to establish a new Fish Nutrition Research Unit at the center. “The current experiments aim to evaluate the performance of local raw materials on fish growth, survival and their digestibility,” said Mahmour Asfoor, Marketing and Communications Assistant Manager for Skretting in Egypt. With 30 percent of Africa’s population currently undernourished, it is hoped that the center’s research and training will enable the growth of aquaculture and lead to enhanced food and nutrition security across the continent.
News Article | May 4, 2017
In recent years, with dramatic rises and increased volatility in food prices, there is a risk that the diets of the poor will become even less diverse and more dependent on starchy staples. There is therefore a renewed emphasis on the production, access, distribution and utilization of common, micronutrient-rich foods. Fish, especially nutrient-rich small fish, from the wild and from aquaculture, can play a vital role in improving human nutrition. Ahead of the ICN2 Second International Conference on Nutrition, FAO and WorldFish have prepared a paper to consider how the contribution of fish to diets, particularly those of the poor, can be maximized. For more information: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department ICN2 WorldFish
News Article | May 8, 2017
In Bangladesh, it is illegal to catch, carry or sell juvenile hilsa (jatka) from November 1 to June 30 or catch mother hilsa during the breeding season, usually September and October. This ban was introduced by the government in 2011 to protect fragile stocks of hilsa, the country’s national fish. But many fishers—who earn less than BDT 10,000 (USD 127) a month, have little savings and no alternate source of income—often keep fishing illegally. “We prohibit fishermen from all kinds of fishing during these months. They can’t catch any type of fish during that time,” explains Dr. Md Abdul Hasnat, District Fisheries Officer, Patuakhali. “For this reason, they face a very tough financial situation.” Helping fishing families comply with the ban and cope during the no-fishing period is one focus of the USAID-funded Enhanced Coastal Fisheries in Bangladesh (ECOFISH) project (2014–2019). Implemented by WorldFish and the Bangladesh Department of Fisheries with other partners, the project provides training and support to poor and rural fishing households and research-backed advice to government decision-makers.
Cohen P.J.,James Cook University |
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013
Periodically-harvested closures are commonly employed within co-management frameworks to help manage small-scale, multi-species fisheries in the Indo-Pacific. Despite their widespread use, the benefits of periodic harvesting strategies for multi-species fisheries have, to date, been largely untested. We examine catch and effort data from four periodically-harvested reef areas and 55 continuously-fished reefs in Solomon Islands. We test the hypothesis that fishing in periodically-harvested closures would yield: (a) higher catch rates, (b) proportionally more short lived, fast growing, sedentary taxa, and (c) larger finfish and invertebrates, compared to catches from reefs continuously open to fishing. Our study showed that catch rates were significantly higher from periodically-harvested closures for gleaning of invertebrates, but not for line and spear fishing. The family level composition of catches did not vary significantly between open reefs and periodically-harvested closures. Fish captured from periodically-harvested closures were slightly larger, but Trochus niloticus were significantly smaller than those from continuously open reefs. In one case of intense and prolonged harvesting, gleaning catch rates significantly declined, suggesting invertebrate stocks were substantially depleted in the early stages of the open period. Our study suggests periodically-harvested closures can have some short term benefits via increasing harvesting efficiency. However, we did not find evidence that the strategy had substantially benefited multi-species fin-fisheries. © 2013 Cohen and Alexander.
Belton B.,WorldFish |
Global Food Security | Year: 2014
Fisheries and fish supply are undergoing a fundamental structural transition, as indicated by a ten country analysis. Aquaculture now provides around half the fish for direct human consumption and is set to grow further, but capture fisheries continue to make essential contributions to food and nutrition security throughout the global South. Capture fisheries provide diverse, nutritionally valuable fish and fish products which are often culturally preferred and easily accessed by the poor. Technological changes in aquaculture have dramatically increased fish supply, lowered relative fish prices, and reigned in price volatility. Policies that recognize and safeguard the diversity and complementarity of roles played by capture fisheries and aquaculture are needed to ensure that the transition in fisheries sustainably improves food and nutrition security in the global South. © 2013 The Authors.
Belton B.,WorldFish |
Bush S.R.,Wageningen University
Geographical Journal | Year: 2014
Geographers first identified aquaculture as an important field of study during the 1990s, pointing to a 'net deficit' in geographical knowledge about the activity. This paper examines how far geographers have come in bridging this knowledge deficit in the last 20 years. While increasing attention has focused on the political economy of export products consumed in the global North, 'everyday' geographies of aquaculture production and consumption in the global South have been neglected. We argue that paying greater attention to everyday aquaculture in the global South provides opportunities for geographers to engage with wider questions around development and change that extend far beyond aquaculture. By focusing on changing patterns of aquaculture production for Southern domestic markets, geographers can provide a counterpoint to Northern dominated agro-food studies by re-emphasising the importance of consumption, urbanisation and agrarian transitions from a more place-based perspective and, in doing so, support the development of theory that reflects Southern realties. © 2013 Royal Geographical Society.
Ratner B.D.,WorldFish |
Asgard B.,Swedish Board of Fisheries |
Allison E.H.,University of Washington
Global Environmental Change | Year: 2014
A review of case law and other documentation of human rights issues in fishing communities highlights forced evictions, detention without trial, child labour, forced labour and unsafe working conditions, and violence and personal security, including gender-based violence, as key areas of concern. We argue that human rights violations undermine current attempts to reform the fisheries sector in developing countries by increasing the vulnerability and marginalization of certain groups. Citing cases from India, the Philippines, Cambodia, and South Africa, we show how human rights advocacy can be an effective element of support for development in fisheries. Finally, we outline how fisheries reform can better address human rights issues as an essential complement to the equitable allocation of fishing rights, contributing to improved resource management and human wellbeing. © 2014 The Authors.
Belton B.,WorldFish |
van Asseldonk I.J.M.,Wageningen University |
Food Policy | Year: 2014
Bangladesh has made considerable progress against human development indicators in recent years, but malnutrition resulting from poor dietary diversity and low micronutrient intakes remains entrenched. Fish is central to the Bangladeshi diet and small fish species are an important micronutrient source. Although fish consumption per capita has increased in recent years as a result of rapid expansion of aquaculture, it is likely that consumption of fish from capture fisheries (including small indigenous species particularly rich in micronutrients), has declined. This paper evaluates data on fish consumption collected in Bangladesh by the International Food Policy Research Institute in 1996/7 and 2006/7 to assess changing patterns of fish consumption and their implications for food and nutrition security. This analysis indicates that growth of aquaculture has been positive, mitigating a sharp reduction in the quantity of fish consumed from capture fisheries and smoothing out seasonal variability in consumption. However, increased availability of fish from aquaculture may not have fully compensated for the loss of fish from capture fisheries in terms of dietary diversity, micronutrient intakes and food and nutrition security, particularly for the poorest consumers. A range of approaches are recommended to sustain and enhance the contributions capture fisheries and aquaculture make to food and nutrition security in Bangladesh. © 2013 The Authors.
Toufique K.A.,Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies |
World Development | Year: 2014
Aquaculture is widely held to contribute to poverty reduction and food security in the Global South, but robust evidence is limited. Using nationally representative data from Bangladesh, this study analyses changes in fish consumption from 2000 to 2010. Rapid expansion of commercial aquaculture pegged down fish prices, resulting in increased fish consumption by extreme poor and moderate poor consumers and those in rural areas. These outcomes are closely linked to the pro-poor nature of national economic growth during this period. These findings contribute to a broadening of the debate on whether the growth of aquaculture in Bangladesh has been pro-poor. © 2014 The Authors.