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Ali H.,World Wide Fund for Nature Pakistan | Ali H.,University of Punjab | Qamer F.M.,International Center for Integrated Mountain Development | Ahmed M.S.,University of Punjab | And 5 more authors.
Pakistan Journal of Botany | Year: 2012

Ecological indicators were synthesized to identify ecologically significant and priority areas within each province/administrative territory of Pakistan. We compiled the spatial distribution of six aspects of ecological value for geographical targeting of conservation priority areas. A Geographic Information System (GIS) based overlay analysis of ecological dynamics was carried out. Indices for forest cover, vegetation zones, endemic mammals, highly significant wetlands, bird species richness and mammal species richness were developed by compiling the secondary data into Geographic Information System. Analytical hierarchy process was used to weight these indicators and also multi-attribute utility theory to combine them into a single spatial layer of ecological value. On the basis of these indices each district was ranked within its respective province/administrative territory. The results highlighted ranking of districts in order of their ecological significance within the province for all the provinces/administrative territories. The study is a pioneer study to identify administrative areas of high ecological value and can guide in setting the conservation priorities. The current broad scale study can help decision makers in provincial level policy making. In the highly significant districts, development activities should require special attention to assess their environmental impacts. In contrast, for the least significant districts a set of indicators can be identified and shared with the District Governments to improve and monitor their ecological conditions. Source

Khan B.,World Wide Fund for Nature Pakistan | Khan B.,Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography | Ahmed W.,Pakistan Wildlife Foundation | Ablimit A.,Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography | Ali H.,World Wide Fund for Nature Pakistan
Journal of Arid Land | Year: 2012

As part of the Sino-Pak trans-boundary cooperation for conservation and sustainable development in Pamir border region, World Wild Fund (WWF)-Pakistan conducted a preliminary social, economic and ecological survey in the Shimshal-Pamir Lakes area in July 2009. The purpose of the study was to explore potentials and opportunities for future collaborative conservation of some species, habitats and high altitude ecosystems in the border region between China and Pakistan. The two-week herpetological study in the Shimshal Pamir area of Khunjerab National Park (KNP) along Pakistan-China border was an integral part of the survey, conducted exclusively to document reptilian fauna with a special emphasis on investigating their occurrence, distribution and status in the study area. Field investigations were performed during daytime when it was hot enough and reptiles were active, basking or feeding. A total of 15 specimens belonging to four species of the Agamidae family were captured by striking stones and beating bushes with sticks. Collected specimens were preserved using 10% formalin solution, tagged with field information and stored in Zoological Survey Department, Karachi for future reference. Laboratory investigations were carried out for pholidosic counts and morphometric measurements. A detailed review of relevant literature, habitat characteristics and laboratory investigations revealed the occurrence of Laudakia himalayana, L. pakistanica, L. tuberculata and L. badakhshana at 4,082 m, 4,172 m, 4,005 m and 4,240 m asl, respectively, which are much higher altitudes as compared to the previously reported heights of 3,353 m, 3,200 m, 2,500 m and 2,400 m asl. The terrain offers a variety of ecological barriers, in the form of fast and freezing running waters and massive glaciers with peculiar harsh climatic conditions prevailing for nine months of the year, which restricts species migration and thus increases endemism. Although one of the four species recorded from the study area, i.e. L. pakistanica is endemic to Pakistan, L. tuberculata and L. badakhshana are new records from Shimshal, Pakistan, so a detailed investigation is suggested for further herpetological records from the study area. Source

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