Xu J.,Hebei United University |
Tian W.,Hebei United University |
Ma X.,Workers Hospital |
Guo J.,Hebei United University |
And 4 more authors.
Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
Although Akt is reported to play a role in morphine's cardioprotection, little is known about the mechanism underlying morphine-induced Akt activation. This study aimed to define the molecular mechanism underlying morphine-induced Akt activation and to determine if the mechanism contributes to the protective effect of morphine on ischemia/reperfusion injury. In cardiac H9c2 cells, morphine increased Akt phosphorylation at Ser 473, indicating that morphine upregulates Akt activity. Phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN), a major regulator of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling, was not involved in the action of morphine on Akt activity. Morphine decreased the activity of PP2A, a major protein Ser/Thr phosphatase, and inhibition of PP2A with okadaic acid (OA) mimicked the effect of morphine on Akt activity. The effects of morphine on PP2A and Akt activities were inhibited by the reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenger N-(2-mercaptopropionyl)glycine (MPG) and the mitochondrial K ATP channel closer 5-hydroxydecanoate (5HD). In support, morphine could produce ROS and this was reversed by 5HD. Finally, the cardioprotective effect of morphine on ischemia-reperfusion injury was mimicked by OA but was suppressed by 5HD or MPG, indicating that protein phosphatases and ROS are involved in morphine's protection. In conclusion, morphine upregulates Akt activity by inactivating protein Ser/Thr phosphatases via ROS, which may contribute to the cardioprotective effect of morphine. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source
Song W.-G.,Workers Hospital |
Wang Y.-F.,Workers Hospital |
Wang R.-L.,Workers Hospital |
Qu Y.,Hebei University |
And 5 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
Objective: This work aims to investigate the therapeutic regimen of brain metastatic cancers and the relationship between clinical features and prognosis. Methods: Clinical data of 184 patients with brain metastatic cancers were collected and analysed for the relationship between survival time and age, gender, primary diseases, quantity of brain metastatic foci, their position, extra cranial lesions, and therapeutic regimens. Results: The average age of onset was 59.1 years old. The median survival time (MST) was 15.0 months, and the patients with breast cancer as the primary disease had the longest survival time. Females had a longer survival time than males. Patients with meningeal metastasis had extremely short survival time. Those with less than 3 brain metastatic foci survived longer than patients with more than 3. The MST of patients receiving radiotherapy only and the patients receiving chemotherapy only were all 10.0 months while the MST of patients receiving combination therapy was 16.0 months. Multiple COX regression analysis demonstrated that gender, primary diseases, and quantity of brain metastatic foci were independent prognostic factors for brain metastatic cancers. Conclusions: Chemotherapy is as important as radiotherapy in the treatment of brain metastatic cancer. Combination therapy is the best treatment mode. Male gender, brain metastatic cancers originating in the gastrointestinal tract, more than 3 metastatic foci, and involvement of meninges indicate a worse prognosis. Source