Cooper P.N.,Greater Manchester Neurosciences Center |
Westby M.,Guideline |
Pitcher D.W.,Worcestershire Royal Hospital |
Annals of Internal Medicine | Year: 2011
Description: Transient loss of consciousness (TLoC) is common and often leads to incorrect diagnosis, unnecessary investigation, or inappropriate choice of specialist referral. In August 2010, the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence published a guideline that addressed the initial assessment of and most appropriate specialist referral for persons who have experienced TLoC. The guideline focused on correct diagnosis and relevant specialist referral and did not make treatment recommendations. This synopsis describes the principal recommendations concerning assessment and referral of a patient with TLoC. Methods: The National Clinical Guideline Centre developed the guidelines by using the standard methodology of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. A multidisciplinary guideline panel generated review questions, discussed evidence, and formulated recommendations. The panel included a technical team from the National Clinical Guideline Centre, who reviewed and graded all relevant evidence identified from literature searches published in English up to November 2009 and performed healtheconomic modeling. Both guideline development and final modifications were informed by comments from stakeholders and the public. Recommendations: The panel made clear recommendations regarding the assessment of a person after TLoC, which emphasized the importance of clinical reasoning in diagnosis. Persons with uncomplicated faint, situational syncope, or orthostatic hypotension should receive electrocardiography but do not otherwise require immediate further investigation or specialist referral. Persons with features that suggest epilepsy should be referred for specialist neurologic assessment; brief seizure-like activity was recognized as a common occurrence during syncope that should not be regarded as indicating epilepsy. Persons with a suspected cardiac cause for TLoC or in whom TLoC is unexplained after initial assessment should receive specialist cardiovascular assessment. Guidance was provided on the appropriate choices of cardiovascular investigation, according to the presenting clinical circumstances. © 2011 American College of Physicians.
Gilbody J.,Worcestershire Royal Hospital
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series B | Year: 2011
Aseptic loosening of the acetabular component continues to be the most common indication for revision of total hip replacements in younger patients. Early in the evolution of the cemented hip, arthroplasty surgeons switched from removal to retention of the acetabular subchondral bone plate, theorising that unfavourable mechanical forces were the cause of loosening at the bone-cement interface. It is now known that the cause of aseptic loosening is probably biological rather than mechanical and removing the subchondral bone plate may enhance biological fixation of cement to bone. With this in mind, perhaps it is time to revive removal of the subchondral bone as a standard part of acetabular preparation. © 2011.
Hull P.,Worcestershire Royal Hospital
Hand surgery : an international journal devoted to hand and upper limb surgery and related research : journal of the Asia-Pacific Federation of Societies for Surgery of the Hand | Year: 2010
Distal radius fractures are common, and surgeons have in their armament a variety of ways of treating them. In this study, 50 orthopaedic surgeons in the UK were shown five clinical scenarios and radiographs from patients with various fracture patterns of the distal radius, and were asked for their preferred management. There was a wide variation in the preferred treatment for each scenario presented. Across all of the cases, 52% of surgeons preferred to use a volar locking-plate compared with 21% who chose fixation with Kirschner wires. There was very little consensus among surgeons with regard to the optimal method of fixation for patients sustaining dorsally displaced fractures of the distal radius. This disagreement is not surprising as there is currently no high level evidence to guide surgeons as to the best management option for this common and potentially debilitating injury.
Powell J.B.,Worcestershire Royal Hospital |
Gach J.E.,West Dermatology
Clinical and Experimental Dermatology | Year: 2015
Background Elderly patients present with a unique spectrum of dermatoses that pose particular management opportunities and challenges, which will be increasingly encountered in dermatological practice. The skin of elderly patients differs from that of younger patients not only in appearance but also in structure, physiology and response to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. However, little is known about the safety and efficacy of phototherapy in elderly patients and how phototherapy is currently being utilized to treat them. Aim To investigate the safety, efficacy and utilization of phototherapy in elderly patients. Methods In January 2014, we analysed all patients recently referred for, currently receiving or recently having completed a course of phototherapy at a university teaching hospital in England (UK). Results In total, 249 patients were identified; 37 (15%) were over the age of 65 years (the WHO definition of an elderly or older person). The dermatoses being treated were psoriasis (51%), eczema (11%), nodular prurigo (11%), pruritus (11%), Grover disease (5%) and others (11%). One patient with dementia was deemed not safe to embark on phototherapy, and five patients were yet to start. The remaining 31 elderly patients received 739 individual phototherapy treatments: 88% narrowband (NB)-UVB and 12% systemic, bath and hand/foot psoralen UVA (PUVA). The acute adverse event (AE) rate was 1.89%, all occurring in those receiving NB-UVB. No severe acute AEs occurred. Of those who completed their course of phototherapy, 80% achieved a clear/near clear or moderate response, while just two patients (8%) had minimal response and two (8%) had worsening of the disease during treatment. Of those receiving NB-UVB for psoriasis, 91% achieved a clear or near-clear response. Conclusions In this small survey, the first of its kind to focus on elderly patients, phototherapy appears to be well-tolerated, safe and efficacious in the short term. Further thought and investigation should be given to delivering phototherapy to an ageing population. © 2015 British Association of Dermatologists.
Bell C.,Worcestershire Royal Hospital |
Rowe I.F.,Worcestershire Royal Hospital
Musculoskeletal Care | Year: 2011
Objectives. To investigate how well recognized the association between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and excess cardiovascular (CV) risk is within primary care and the current assessment strategies being employed by general practitioners (GPs). Methods. Questionnaires were sent to all 376 GPs in the Worcestershire Primary Care Trust. Results. Thirty-two per cent of GPs identified RA as an independent risk factor for CV disease. Fifteen per cent and 34%, respectively, assessed their RA patients for primary and secondary prevention of their CV risks. Of those GPs who made an assessment, 18.4% adjusted the calculated risk derived from standard charts. The frequency of assessment was greater among GPs who had received a form of education about the association between CV disease and RA. However, of the GPs identifying this susceptibility, only 40% performed any form of primary prevention risk assessment. Conclusions. At present, the excess risk of CV disease conferred by RA is under-recognized and under-assessed in primary care. Currently, educational resources on this topic targeted at GPs are lacking and may in part account for our findings. However, even when GPs did identify the risk of CV disease in RA or had received education about it, this did not consistently change their clinical management. Further work to promote knowledge and management strategies for CV disease in RA is therefore needed to improve the care of patients with this condition. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.