Linz, Austria
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Broer S.L.,University Utrecht | Broer S.L.,Amsterdam Medical Center | van Disseldorp J.,University Utrecht | van Disseldorp J.,Amsterdam Medical Center | And 41 more authors.
Human Reproduction Update | Year: 2013

Background: Although ovarian reserve tests (ORTs) are frequently used prior to IVF treatment for outcome prediction, their added predictive value is unclear. We assessed the added value of ORTs to patient characteristics in the prediction of IVF outcome. Methods: An individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis from published studies was performed. Studies on FSH, anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) or antral follicle count (AFC) in women undergoing IVF were identified and authors were contacted. Using random intercept logistic regression models, we estimated the added predictive value of ORTs for poor response and ongoing pregnancy after IVF, relative to patient characteristics. Results: We were able to collect 28 study databases, comprising 5705 women undergoing IVF. The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) for female age in predicting poor response was 0.61. AFC and AMH each significantly improved the model fit (P-value <0.001). Moreover, almost a similar accuracy was reached using AMH or AFC alone (AUC 0.78 and 0.76, respectively). Combining the two tests, however, did not improve prediction (AUC 0.80, P = 0.19) of poor response. In predicting ongoing pregnancy after IVF, age was the best single predictor (AUC 0.57), and none of the ORTs added any value. Conclusions: This IPD meta-analysis demonstrates that AFC and AMH clearly add to age in predicting poor response. As single tests, AFC and AMH both fully cover the prediction of poor ovarian response. In contrast, none of the ORTs add any information to the limited capacity of female age to predict ongoing pregnancy after IVF. The clinical usefulness of ORTs prior to IVF will be limited to the prediction of ovarian response. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology. All rights reserved.


Prast J.,IMC University of Applied Sciences in Krems | Oppelt P.,Womens General Hospital | Oppelt P.,Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg | Shamiyeh A.,Academic Teaching Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics | Year: 2013

Purpose: The literature includes a wealth of medical data on endometriosis, but the economic significance of the condition has so far been neglected. An analysis of hospital costs for endometriosis in Austria was, therefore, carried out for economic purposes. Methods: Seventy-three patients with endometriosis were included in the study. A bottom-up approach was used to collect data on the average hospital costs of an endometriosis patient over a time period of 1 year. In addition, a prevalence approach was used that allows subsequent estimation of the total costs of endometriosis for the health-care system in Austria for that period. Retrospective questionnaire survey was conducted. Results: The average annual costs of one case of endometriosis are €7,712, with €5,605.55 attributable to direct costs and €2,106.34 to indirect costs. This indicates an overall economic burden of €328 million. In-patient care (45 %) and loss of productivity (27 %) were identified as the major cost factors. The patients themselves pay for 13 % of the costs (through out-of-pocket payments). Conclusions: This study impressively demonstrates the financial burden on the economy and on each individually affected patient caused by the disease of endometriosis. The massive consumption of resources represents a high level of usage of the medical services provided. The question arises as to whether more timely diagnosis, followed by better-targeted treatment, might have the potential to reduce these costs. The overall economic burden of endometriosis in Austria is currently comparable with that of Parkinson's disease. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Haas D.,Womens General Hospital | Haas D.,Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg | Haas D.,Johannes Kepler University | Wurm P.,Womens General Hospital | And 11 more authors.
BioMed Research International | Year: 2014

Objective. To evaluate patients' health status and the course of endometriosis from the premenopausal to the postmenopausal period and evaluate influencing factors that may be relevant. Methods. Questionnaire completed by 35 postmenopausal women in whom endometriosis had been histologically confirmed premenopausally. Correlation and regression analyses were carried out to identify factors relevant to their postmenopausal health status. Results. Overall, there was clear improvement in typical endometriosis symptoms and sexual life. Clear associations (P<0.005) were observed between premenopausal factors like physical limitations caused by the disease, impaired social contacts and psychological problems, and postmenopausal pain and impairment of sexual life. Three statistical models for assessing pain and impairment of sexual life in the postmenopausal period were calculated on the basis of clinical symptoms in the premenopausal period, with a very high degree of accuracy (P<0.001; R2 = 0.833/0.857/0.931). Conclusions. The results of the survey strongly suggest that physical fitness and freedom from physical restrictions, a good social environment, and psychological care in both the premenopausal and postmenopausal periods lead to marked improvements in the postmenopausal period with regard to pain, dyspareunia, and influence on sexual life in endometriosis patients. © 2014 Dietmar Haas et al.


Klugsberger B.,Academic Teaching Hospital | Klugsberger B.,Johannes Kepler University | Shamiyeh A.,Academic Teaching Hospital | Shamiyeh A.,Johannes Kepler University | And 9 more authors.
BioMed Research International | Year: 2015

Background. In severe forms of endometriosis, the colon or rectum may be involved. This study evaluated the functional results and long-term outcome after laparoscopic colonic resection for endometriosis. Patients and Methods. Questionnaire survey with 24 women who had experienced typical symptoms, including pelvic pain, infertility, and endometriotic lesions in the bowel and undergone laparoscopic surgery, including low anterior resection, from 2009 to 2012, was conducted. Results. Information about the postoperative outcome was obtained from 22 women and was analyzed statistically. Twenty-one had undergone low anterior resection; one patient required a primary Hartmann procedure due to a rectovaginal fistula. The conversion rate was 4.5%. Major complications occurred in one patient, including an anastomotic leakage, and a Hartmann procedure was carried out subsequently in this patient. The symptoms of pain during defecation, pelvic pain, dyspareunia, dysmenorrhea, and hematochezia showed clear improvement one year after the operation and at the time of the questionnaire. Conclusion. Laparoscopic low anterior resection for deeply infiltrative endometriosis is technically demanding but feasible and safe, and it improves the clinical symptoms of endometriosis in the bowel. © 2015 Bettina Klugsberger et al.


Haas D.,Linz General Hospital | Haas D.,Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg | Oppelt P.,Linz General Hospital | Oppelt P.,Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg | And 4 more authors.
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica | Year: 2013

Objective To assess the extent to which the Enzian classification correlates with the revised American Society for Reproductive Medicine (rASRM) score and clinical symptoms in women with deeply infiltrating endometriosis. Design Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). Setting Endometriosis competence center specializing in minimally invasive surgery. Patients Between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2011, a total of 194 women underwent surgery due to deeply infiltrating endometriosis. After histological confirmation, they were classified using the rASRM and Enzian systems. Clinical symptoms were recorded preoperatively. Interventions Operative laparoscopy to treat endometriosis. Main outcome measures and Results A clear correlation was seen between grades of severity in the rASRM score and the Enzian classification (p < 0.001). In addition, the rASRM severity grade and clinical symptoms correlated with the locations in the Enzian classification in relation to deeply infiltrating endometriosis. Pain and dysmenorrhea correlated strongly (p = 0.002, p < 0.001) with the severity grade in the Enzian classification. Conclusions Deeply infiltrating endometriosis is well characterized using the Enzian classification as a supplement to the rASRM score. There is also a clear correlation between the rASRM and Enzian classifications, because of the way in which the disease crosses morphological boundaries. The locations in the Enzian classification correlate partially with clinical symptoms, and the classification's severity grades correlate substantially with pain and dysmenorrhea. In view of these clinical results, use of the Enzian classification can be recommended as a supplement to the rASRM score for detailed description of endometriosis. © 2013 Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology.


Shebl O.,Womens General Hospital | Ebner T.,Womens General Hospital | Sir A.,Womens General Hospital | Schreier-Lechner E.,Womens General Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Fertility and Sterility | Year: 2011

In this study, day 1 to 4 serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) level was analyzed in 2,741 patients attending our department for reproductive medicine or reproductive surgery, including a subgroup of 1,105 women who attended an assisted reproductive technology program because of a male factor as a presumably healthy subgroup. Day 1 to 4 serum AMH levels showed an age-dependent distribution and there is a wide range of AMH in each year of age analyzed, showing that even young women are at a risk of reduced ovarian reserve. © 2011 American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Published by Elsevier Inc.


PubMed | Johannes Kepler University, Womens General Hospital and Erlangen University Hospital
Type: | Journal: BioMed research international | Year: 2014

To evaluate patients health status and the course of endometriosis from the premenopausal to the postmenopausal period and evaluate influencing factors that may be relevant.Questionnaire completed by 35 postmenopausal women in whom endometriosis had been histologically confirmed premenopausally. Correlation and regression analyses were carried out to identify factors relevant to their postmenopausal health status.Overall, there was clear improvement in typical endometriosis symptoms and sexual life. Clear associations (P < 0.005) were observed between premenopausal factors like physical limitations caused by the disease, impaired social contacts and psychological problems, and postmenopausal pain and impairment of sexual life. Three statistical models for assessing pain and impairment of sexual life in the postmenopausal period were calculated on the basis of clinical symptoms in the premenopausal period, with a very high degree of accuracy (P < 0.001; R(2) = 0.833/0.857/0.931).The results of the survey strongly suggest that physical fitness and freedom from physical restrictions, a good social environment, and psychological care in both the premenopausal and postmenopausal periods lead to marked improvements in the postmenopausal period with regard to pain, dyspareunia, and influence on sexual life in endometriosis patients.


Haas D.,Linz General Hospital | Haas D.,Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg | Wurm P.,Linz General Hospital | Shamiyeh A.,Linz General Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics | Year: 2013

Purpose: The most widely accepted classification for endometriosis is the Revised American Society for Reproductive Medicine (rASRM) system, but this does not take deeply infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) into account. The Enzian classification enables clinicians to classify DIE. Due to complexity and partial overlap with rASRM, it was revised for a second time in February 2011. Using both the systems to classify lesions would be inappropriate, as they refer to different locations. The aim of this study was to analyze whether the revised Enzian classification is easier to use and avoids duplicate classifications. Methods: Retrospective study of 460 women admitted for endometriosis. Results: One hundred and eighty-seven of 460 patients (41 %) had histologically confirmed DIE based on the revised Enzian classification. Further classification of these 187 patients using Enzian revealed 270 retroperitoneal lesions, as some patients had several DIE-type lesions simultaneously: 66 in compartment A (rectovaginal septum, vagina), 112 in compartment B (sacrouterine ligaments, pelvic wall), 58 in compartment C (bowel), 15 with adenomyosis uteri, 7 with bladder involvement, 8 with intrinsic involvement of the ureter, and 4 with bowel involvement. All 270 lesions were classified using Enzian alone and not with the rASRM score. There were no duplicate classifications (rASRM and Enzian). Conclusions: The revised Enzian classification is an excellent complement to the rASRM score for morphological description of DIE. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Klugsberger B.,Linz General Hospital | Schreiner M.,Linz General Hospital | Rothe A.,Linz General Hospital | Haas D.,Womens General Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques | Year: 2014

Background: During laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LCHE), the insufflation with warmed and humidified carbon dioxide (CO2) may reduce postoperative pain. The aim of the study was to evaluate the positive effects of heated and humidified carbon dioxide gas on patients with regard to postoperative pain after LCHE. Patients and methods: This is a prospective, randomized, double-blinded, controlled clinical trial. 148 patients (female = 98, male = 50) scheduled for elective LCHE were randomized into two groups: receiving either heated humidified carbon dioxide, or standard gas. Intraoperative core temperature was measured. The perioperative management was identical for both groups. Postoperative pain intensity was assessed using a visual analog pain scale, and the amount of analgesic consumption was recorded. The postoperative pain management was also standardized and equal for both groups. Results: 67 out of 148 received standard gas (group A), and 81 received warmed, humidified gas (group B). The groups were comparable demographically. The amount of analgesic consumption was recorded. Intraoperative core temperature was significant higher in group B than in group A. Pain was significantly less in group B (p = 0.025) 6 h postoperatively. On the first postoperative day, no significant difference in pain between the two groups was detectable (p = 0.437). Conclusion: The use of warmed and humidified carbon dioxide during LCHE reduces postoperative pain at the day of operation. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media.

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