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Korzeniewska E.,Technical University of Lodz | Duraj A.,Technical University of Lodz | Krawczyk A.,Wojskowy Instytut Higieny i Epidemiologii | Krawczyk A.,Czestochowa University of Technology
Przeglad Elektrotechniczny | Year: 2013

The following article presents results of research related to the application of vacuum technology used in the manufacture of electrodes for electrical stimulation and monitoring of physiological parameters. Pointed to the ability to detect discrepancies between the actual and the processed signal with the device to collect information about the health of the patient. In this study, the authors examined the adequacy of algorithms of the description to the real course of phenomena.

Stankiewicz W.,Wojskowy Instytut Higieny i Epidemiologii | Stasiak-Barmuta A.,Medical University of Bialystok
Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski | Year: 2011

The immune system theory of aging is that the rate of aging is largely controlled by the immune system. As we age, the numbers of critical cells in the immune system decrease and become less functional. Accumulating data are documenting an inverse relationship between immune status, response to health, and longevity, suggesting that the immune system becomes less effective with advancing age and that this is clinically relevant. The mechanisms and consequences of age-associated immune alterations are briefly reviewed here.

Kolodziej M.,Wojskowy Instytut Higieny i Epidemiologii
Przegla̧d epidemiologiczny | Year: 2011

The efficiency of peptides against many species of bacteria, fungi and parasites has been widely described. Recent studies on peptides have also demonstrated their antiviral activity. Some peptides exhibit direct virucidal activity, others disturb attachment of virus particles to the cell membrane surface or interfere with intracellular replication of virus. Due to limited effectiveness of commonly used drugs and emerging resistance of viruses, antiviral peptides may have the potential to be developed as putative therapeutic agents.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SEC-2009-1.3-03 | Award Amount: 4.30M | Year: 2010

Homemade explosives (HMEs) are easy to make from readily available materials used for legitimate purposes in everyday life. This availability attracts terrorists to manufacture and use homemade explosives since military and commercial explosives are harder to come by. Two approaches to improve this situation exists. 1) Prohibit or limit the accessibility of these precursor chemicals 2) Use science to solve this problem by making it harder for potential terrorists to make HMEs or by facilitating the detection of these. PREVAIL will address these scientific challenges by a novel approach. The PREVAIL concept and objectives are to prevent the use of hydrogen peroxide (HP) and acetone as precursors to homemade explosives by the development of a series of novel inhibitors, and to ensure that the detection of ammonium nitrate (AN) based devices is facilitated by adding markers tailored to a very sensitive detection system. These objectives must be met without obstructing the legitimate use or causing any adverse effects on the environment or peoples health. The PREVAIL project main activities are development and testing of markers for the inhibition of TATP production and for the concentration of HP by boiling off water (as was done for the London bombings) as well as development of novel markers for easy detection of illicit use of fertilizers. The final outcome of the PREVAIL project are inhibitors for illicit production of TATP and HP based explosives as well as novel marker/detector systems for easy detection of AN based bombs. The PREVAIL project will work together with the chemical manufacturing industry in order to achieve early industrial acceptance of the research. The PREVAIL consortium consists of four research institutes (FOI, TNO,CEA, WIHiE), two chemical industries representing the End Users (Yara, Arkema), three SMEs (Inscentinel, KCEM, SECRAB) and one university (Technion).

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2013.1.3-1 | Award Amount: 4.43M | Year: 2014

The objectives of the EXPEDIA project are both to inhibit some frequently used explosive precursors and to increase the knowledge about garage chemistry. With this we mean, increasing the understanding of how terrorists create homemade explosives (HME), what chemicals they start from and where they find them in the open market. But also, to increase the understanding of how easily a HME can be created, what basic equipment is necessary and what chemical knowledge is needed by the terrorist. The output from EXPEDIA will increase the security of the citizens in Europe both in the sense that chemical inhibition will reduce/ limit or at least make it much harder for terrorists to create HMEs from readily available chemicals. Understanding the terrorist perspective regarding HME production, will directly give input to both first responders and European legislators. As one of the output EXPEDIA will create A European guide for first responders with basic instructions on how to interpret findings on a crime scene when suspected bomb factories have been encountered. In order for European legislators to carry out right work in the fight against terrorism, access to accurate data and an in-depth understanding of the characteristics of HMEs and various formulations thereof is of crucial importance. EXPEDIA will feed its produced information about HMEs directly to these groups via appropriate channels. Finally, EXPEDIA will research for solutions to prevent the misuse of some explosive precursors that have not yet been investigated within the FP7 research programme. The inhibition of these precursors will be closely linked to feasibility and implementation cost studies as well as to toxicology studies. The solutions should be environmentally friendly and economically defendable in order to be able to be implemented into precursors that are produced in large quantities today.

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