WIV ISP Site Ukkel

Brussels, Belgium

WIV ISP Site Ukkel

Brussels, Belgium
SEARCH FILTERS
Time filter
Source Type

PubMed | WIV ISP Site Ukkel, CHU Saint Pierre, UZ Gent, AZ Sint Jan and 3 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Epidemiology and infection | Year: 2014

SUMMARY The last report on pertussis seroprevalence in Belgium concerned samples collected during 1993-1994. In the context of the Eupert-Labnet WP6 seroprevalence study (comparing sera from 16 European member states), 1500 anonymized leftover diagnostic samples were collected randomly during the second semester of 2012 by the clinical chemistry laboratories of six participating Belgian centres, distributed equally between Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels Capital Region. As suggested by the WP6 organizers, a total of 750 samples (125/centre) were selected from subjects in the 20-29 years age group and 750 samples (125/centre) from subjects in the 30-39 years age group. Anti-PT IgG levels were measured using Virion-Serion ELISA and analysed using predefined cut-off levels. Sixty-one (4%) sera were indicative of an infection in the past 2 years (between 50 and 100 IU/ml) and another 61 (4%) sera had anti-PT IgG antibodies reflecting acute infection (>100 IU/ml). These results highlight the presence of a Bordetella pertussis reservoir in the adult healthy Belgian population.


Freches D.,WIV ISP Site Ukkel | Romano M.,WIV ISP Site Ukkel | Korf H.,WIV ISP Site Ukkel | Renauld J.-C.,Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research | And 3 more authors.
Clinical and Vaccine Immunology | Year: 2011

Interleukin-12 (IL-12) and IL-23 (which share a p40 subunit) are pivotal cytokines in the generation of protective Th1/Th17-type immune responses upon infection with the intracellular pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The role of IL-12 and IL-23 in protection conferred by the tuberculosis vaccine Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is, however, less well documented. By using an autovaccine approach, i.e., IL-12p70 cross-linked with ovalbumin and PADRE peptide formulated with the GSK proprietary adjuvant system AS02V, we could specifically neutralize IL-12 while leaving the IL-23 axis intact. Neutralization of IL-12 before M. tuberculosis challenge rendered C57BL/6 mice highly susceptible, resulting in 30-fold-higher CFU in spleen and lungs and accelerated mortality. In contrast, neutralization of IL-12 in BCG-vaccinated mice prior to M. tuberculosis challenge only marginally affected vaccine-mediated protection. Analysis of cytokine production in spleen and lungs 3 weeks post-TB challenge by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and functional and flow cytometric assays showed significantly reduced mycobacterium-specific gamma interferon (IFN-γ) responses in M. tuberculosis-infected and BCG-vaccinated mice that had been treated with the autovaccine. Purified protein derivative-induced tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), IL-6, and IL-17A levels, however, were highest in lungs from BCG-vaccinated/IL-12-neutralized animals, and even unstimulated lung cells from these mice produced significant levels of the three cytokines. Mycobacterium-specific IL-4 and IL-5 production levels were overall very low, but IL-12 neutralization resulted in increased concanavalin A-triggered polyclonal secretion of these Th2-type cytokines. These results suggest that TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-17A may be more important pulmonary effector molecules of BCG-mediated protection than IFN-γ in a context of IL-12 deficiency. Copyright © 2011, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.


Waeckerle-Men Y.,University of Zürich | Bruffaerts N.,WIV ISP Site Ukkel | Liang Y.,University of Zürich | Liang Y.,Capital Medical University | And 5 more authors.
Vaccine | Year: 2013

Vaccination with Mycobacterium bovis BCG provides limited protection against pulmonary tuberculosis and a risk of dissemination in immune-compromised vaccinees. For the development of new TB vaccines that stimulate strong T-cell responses a variety of strategies is being followed, especially recombinant BCG and attenuated M. tuberculosis. The objective of the current study was to test potential benefits of vaccination through direct lymph-node targeting of wildtype BCG; the recommended route of vaccination with BCG is intradermal. C57BL/6 mice were immunised with BCG by intradermal, subcutaneous or intralymphatic injections. Cellular immune responses and protection against M. tuberculosis were determined. Intralymphatic vaccination was 100-1000 times more effective in stimulating BCG-specific immune responses than intradermal or subcutaneous immunisation. Intralymphatic administration stimulated high frequencies of mycobacterium-specific lymphocytes with strong proliferating capacity and production of TNF-α, IL-2, IL-17 and, especially, IFN-γ secretion by. CD4 and CD8 T cells. Most importantly, intralymphatic vaccination with 2×103CFU BCG induced sustained protection against M. tuberculosis in intratracheally challenged C57BL/6 mice, whereas subcutaneous vaccination with 2×105CFU BCG conferred only a transient protection. Hence, direct administration of M. bovis BCG to lymph nodes demonstrates that efficient targeting to lymph nodes may help to overcome the efficacy problems of vaccination with BCG. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


Interleukin-12 (IL-12) and IL-23 (which share a p40 subunit) are pivotal cytokines in the generation of protective Th1/Th17-type immune responses upon infection with the intracellular pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The role of IL-12 and IL-23 in protection conferred by the tuberculosis vaccine Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Gurin (BCG) is, however, less well documented. By using an autovaccine approach, i.e., IL-12p70 cross-linked with ovalbumin and PADRE peptide formulated with the GSK proprietary adjuvant system AS02(V), we could specifically neutralize IL-12 while leaving the IL-23 axis intact. Neutralization of IL-12 before M. tuberculosis challenge rendered C57BL/6 mice highly susceptible, resulting in 30-fold-higher CFU in spleen and lungs and accelerated mortality. In contrast, neutralization of IL-12 in BCG-vaccinated mice prior to M. tuberculosis challenge only marginally affected vaccine-mediated protection. Analysis of cytokine production in spleen and lungs 3 weeks post-TB challenge by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and functional and flow cytometric assays showed significantly reduced mycobacterium-specific gamma interferon (IFN-) responses in M. tuberculosis-infected and BCG-vaccinated mice that had been treated with the autovaccine. Purified protein derivative-induced tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-), IL-6, and IL-17A levels, however, were highest in lungs from BCG-vaccinated/IL-12-neutralized animals, and even unstimulated lung cells from these mice produced significant levels of the three cytokines. Mycobacterium-specific IL-4 and IL-5 production levels were overall very low, but IL-12 neutralization resulted in increased concanavalin A-triggered polyclonal secretion of these Th2-type cytokines. These results suggest that TNF-, IL-6, and IL-17A may be more important pulmonary effector molecules of BCG-mediated protection than IFN- in a context of IL-12 deficiency.


PubMed | WIV ISP Site Ukkel
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Human vaccines | Year: 2011

Buruli Ulcer (BU) is a neglected, necrotizing skin disease, caused by M. ulcerans, that can leave patients with prominent scars and lifelong disability. M. ulcerans produces a diffusible lipid toxin, mycolactone, essential for bacterial virulence. Prevention is difficult as little is known about disease transmission and there is no vaccine. There have been several recent advances in the field. These include sequencing of the bacterial genome and of the giant plasmid responsible for mycolactone synthesis, better understanding of the bacterial lifecycle and of the mechanism of action of the toxin. This work has revealed a number of possible vaccine candidates, some of which are shared with other mycobacteria, e.g. M. tuberculosis, while other targets are unique to M. ulcerans. In this review, we discuss several M. ulcerans vaccine targets and vaccination methods, and outline some of the gaps in our understanding of the bacterium and the immune response against it.

Loading WIV ISP Site Ukkel collaborators
Loading WIV ISP Site Ukkel collaborators