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Chambersburg, PA, United States

Wilson College, founded 1869, is a private, Presbyterian-related, liberal arts college located on a 300-acre campus in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, United States. It was founded by two Presbyterian ministers, but named for its first major donor, Sarah Wilson of nearby St. Thomas Township, Pennsylvania. For 144 years, Wilson has been a women's college. In 2013 the college's board of trustees voted to make the college coeducational beginning in the 2013-2014 academic year. Wilson College has about 700 students from 21 U.S. states and nine foreign countries. It's known for its Women with Children program, which allows single mothers to bring their children to live with them on campus, as well as for its veterinary medical technician and equestrian programs, and the Fulton Center for Sustainable Living, which operates a 7-acre organic farm and a CSA program that supplies community families and others with fresh, organic produce. Wikipedia.

Masih J.,Wilson College | Singhvi R.,U.S. Environmental Protection Agency | Kumar K.,Jawaharlal Nehru University | Jain V.K.,Jawaharlal Nehru University | Taneja A.,Dr. B.R. Ambedkar University
Aerosol and Air Quality Research | Year: 2012

PAHs concentration in particulate and gas phase was investigated in indoor and outdoor air of urban residential and roadside homes in a semiarid region of India. Samples were collected during winter and summer season (Nov 2006-Jun 2007). In particulate phase at roadside homes the annual mean concentration of PAHs in indoor was 5.53 to 952.28 ng/m3, in outdoor it ranged 15.47 to 1036.79 ng/m3 whereas at urban residential homes the particulate PAHs concentration range was 4.10 to 826.73 ng/m3 (indoor) and 8.32 to 826.73 ng/m3 (outdoor). The annual mean concentration of gaseous phase PAHs ranged from 2.75 to 90.34 ng/m3 indoors, 2.29 to 113.56 ng/m3 outdoors at roadside homes. In urban residential homes it ranged 2.64 to 87.58 ng/m3 in indoor, 4.79 to 51.83 ng/m3 in outdoor respectively. Significant seasonal variations of total PAHs concentrations were observed with higher levels during winter season period. The average BaP equivalent exposure, calculated by using toxic equivalent factors was approximately 8.99 ng/m3 (indoors) and 14.03 ng/m3 (outdoors). Principal component analysis (PCA) revealed that in indoor the most common sources of PAHs were cooking, smoking, incense burning whereas in outdoor PAHs mainly generated from petrol and diesel combusted fuel and diesel exhaust from generator sets. © Taiwan Association for Aerosol Research. Source

Massey D.,St Johns College | Kulshrestha A.,St Johns College | Masih J.,St Johns College | Masih J.,Wilson College | And 2 more authors.
Building and Environment | Year: 2012

This study presents data on the size characterization concentration of PM10, PM5.0, PM2.5 and PM1.0. These particulate concentrations were monitored from October-07 to March-09 indoors and outdoors of five roadside and five urban homes using Grimm aerosol spectrometer in Agra, India. Annual average concentrations of coarse particles (PM10) indoor and outdoor were 247μgm-3 and 255μgm-3 at roadside houses and 181μgm-3 and 195μgm-3 at urban houses. PM5.0 concentrations at roadside houses were 211μgm-3 and 230μgm-3 and at urban houses were 145μgm-3 and 159μgm-3. For fine particles (PM2.5) the annual mean concentrations were 161μgm-3 and 160μgm-3 at roadside houses and 109μgm-3 and 123μgm-3 at urban houses. PM1.0 concentrations at roadside houses were 111μgm-3 and 112μgm-3 while at urban houses they were 99μgm-3 and 104μgm-3. Monthly and seasonal variations of coarse and fine particulate matter have been studied at both the monitoring sites. Significant seasonal variations of particulate pollutants were obtained using the daily average particulate concentrations along with the inter particulate ratios. Particulate indoor/outdoor ratios and concentrations were also linked with meteorological conditions and indoor activities using occupant's diary entries. The concentration of all sizes of particulate matter was found to be highest in winter season due to increase human activities and more space heating in indoors and due to low windspeed and high humidity in outdoors in comparison with other seasons. There was a strong correlation between indoor and outdoor particulate at both the sites. Health problems in occupants of the houses with higher concentrations of the fine particulate matter were more prominent. Household activities like cooking on stoves, indoor smoking and outdoor vehicular traffic, and garbage burning were found to be the major sources of particulate emissions indoor as well as outdoors. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Majer J.M.,Wilson College | Komer A.C.,DePaul University | Jason L.A.,DePaul University
Journal of Dual Diagnosis | Year: 2015

Objective: The relationship between mental illness and human-immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-risk sexual behavior among persons with substance use disorders is not well-established because of differences in assessing psychiatric factors (types, symptoms, severity), substance use (diagnosis, survey responses, past substance use), and HIV-risk sexual behaviors (individual measures, combination of sex/drug use risk behaviors) across studies. This study utilized a more global and dimensional aspect of psychiatric issues (problem severity) to examine the relationship with HIV-risk sexual behaviors and substance use among persons with substance use disorders. Methods: Participants included 224 men and 46 women, with a mean age of 40.4 years (SD = 9.5). The most common substances were heroin/opiates, with 41.4% reporting use of these substances (n = 110), while 27.8% reported using cocaine (n = 74) and 12.8% reported using alcohol (n = 34). Of all participants, 39 (14.4%) were identified as having high psychiatric severity (defined using the psychiatric severity score from the Addiction Severity Index), which was used as an indication of probable comorbid psychiatric and substance use disorders. Among these participants likely to have comorbid disorders, hierarchical linear regression was conducted to examine HIV-risk sexual behaviors (number of partners and unprotected sexual behaviors in the past 30 days) in relation to psychiatric severity, substance use, and gender. Results: Gender (women) and psychiatric severity (higher) were significantly related to greater HIV-risk sexual behaviors. After entering gender and substance use into the regression model, psychiatric severity accounted for another 21.9% of the variance in number of partners and 14.1% of the variance in unprotected sexual behaviors. Overall, the models accounted for 55.5% and 15.6% of the variance, respectively. A significant interaction was found for number of partners (but not frequency of unprotected behavior), such that those higher in psychiatric severity and higher in substance use had a greater number of sexual partners. The model including this interaction term accounted for 63.4% of the variance in number of partners. Conclusions: Findings suggest psychiatric severity is an underlying risk factor for HIV-risk sexual behavior among persons with substance use disorders who have various psychiatric comorbidities. © 2015 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

Weinstein S.A.,Womens and Childrens Hospital | Stiles B.G.,U.S. Army | Stiles B.G.,Wilson College
Sexual Health | Year: 2011

Mycoplasma genitalium is attracting increasing recognition as an important sexually transmitted pathogen. Presented is a review of the epidemiology, detection, presentation and management of M. genitalium infection. Accumulating evidence suggests that M. genitalium is an important cause of non-gonococcal, non-chlamydial urethritis and cervicitis, and is linked with pelvic inflammatory disease and, possibly, obstetric complications. Although there is no standard detection assay, several nucleic acid amplification tests have >95% sensitivity and specificity for M. genitalium. To date, there is a general lack of established protocols for screening in public health clinics. Patients with urethritis or cervicitis should be screened for M. genitalium and some asymptomatic sub-groups should be screened depending on individual factors and local prevalence. Investigations estimating M. genitalium geographic prevalence document generally low incidence, but some communities exhibit infection frequencies comparable to that of Chlamydia trachomatis. Accumulating evidence supports an extended regimen of azithromycin for treatment of M. genitalium infection, as data suggest that stat 1g azithromycin may be less effective. Although data are limited, azithromycin-resistant cases documented to date respond to an appropriate fluoroquinolone (e.g. moxifloxacin). Inconsistent clinical recognition of M. genitalium may result in treatment failure and subsequent persistence due to ineffective antibiotics. The contrasting nature of existing literature regarding risks of M. genitalium infection emphasises the need for further carefully controlled studies of this emerging pathogen. © 2011 CSIRO. Source

Weinstein S.A.,Womens and Childrens Hospital | Stiles B.G.,U.S. Army | Stiles B.G.,Wilson College
Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy | Year: 2012

Mycoplasma genitalium is a globally important sexually transmitted pathogen. Men infected with M. genitalium frequently present with dysuria, while women may present with or without urogenital symptoms. In some populations, M. genitalium is significantly associated with HIV-1 infection, and is also an etiological agent in pelvic inflammatory disease. However, there is insufficient evidence to establish a causative role of the organism in obstetric complications, including tubal factor infertility. Although several nucleic acid amplification tests offer rapid, sensitive methods for detecting M. genitalium, there is no standardized assay. Available evidence supports treatment of M. genitalium infections with an extended regimen of azithromycin and resistant strains respond to moxifloxacin. Accumulating evidence indicates growing fluoroquinolone resistance, including against moxifloxacin, emphasizing the need for new therapeutic strategies to treat M. genitalium infections. © 2012 Expert Reviews Ltd. Source

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