Wilmington Endocrinology

Wilmington, NC, United States

Wilmington Endocrinology

Wilmington, NC, United States
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PubMed | University of Connecticut, Wilmington Endocrinology, Carolina Arthritis 1710 South 17th Street, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and NC Associates
Type: Journal Article | Journal: European journal of radiology | Year: 2016

This study prospectively determines the shear wave elastography characteristics of parathyroid adenomas using virtual touch imaging quantification, a non-invasive ultrasound based shear wave elastography method.This prospective study examined 57 consecutive patients with biochemically proven primary hyperparathyroidism and solitary parathyroid adenoma identified by ultrasound and confirmed by at least one of the following: surgical resection, positive Technetium-99m Sestamibi Scintigraphy (MIBI) scan, or fine needle aspiration biopsy with positive PTH washout (performed only in MIBI negative patients). Vascularity and shear wave elastography were performed for all patients. Parathyroid adenoma stiffness was measured as shear wave velocity in meters per second.The median (range) pre-surgical value for PTH and calcium were 58pg/mL (19, 427) and 10.8mg/dL (9.5, 12.1), respectively. 37 patients had positive MIBI scan. 20 patients had negative MIBI scan but diagnosis was confirmed with positive PTH washout. 42 patients underwent parathyroidectomy, and an adenoma was confirmed in all. The median (range) shear wave velocity for all parathyroid adenomas enrolled in this study was 2.02m/s (1.53, 2.50). The median (range) shear wave velocity for thyroid tissue was 2.77m/s (1.89, 3.70). The shear wave velocity of the adenomas was independent of adenoma size, serum parathyroid hormone concentration, or plasma parathyroid hormone concentration.Tissue elasticity of parathyroid adenoma is significantly lower than thyroid tissue. B-mode features and distinct vascularity pattern are helpful tools in diagnosing parathyroid adenoma with ultrasound. Shear wave elastography may provide valuable information in diagnosing parathyroid adenoma.


Azizi G.,Wilmington Endocrinology | Keller J.,Biopsy Diagnostics | Lewis M.,Wilmington Endocrinology | Puett D.,Carolina Arthritis | And 2 more authors.
Thyroid | Year: 2013

Background: In the ultrasound evaluation of masses, elastography measures stiffness, which may predict malignancy. Studies of small or selected subgroups suggest that elastography may be useful in the evaluation of thyroid nodules (TNs). We prospectively tested the hypothesis that TN stiffness, as measured by strain elastography (SE), is an independent predictor of thyroid cancer (TC) in unselected TNs. Methods: In 706 unselected patients with 912 TNs meeting the ATA criteria for a fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB), we first performed conventional thyroid ultrasound and SE. Nodule stiffness was graded from least to most stiff by an elastography score (ES) of ES 0 to ES 3. Surgical resection was recommended for FNAB results that were not clearly benign. Bivariate and multivariate regression analyses identified the independent predictors of TC. Results: There were 86 malignant TNs. ES was a significant predictor of TC (p=0.0001). The prevalence of TC was 57 of the 158 TNs (36.1%) for the ES 3 group, 12 of the 158 TNs (7.7%) for the ES 2 group, 16 of the 565 TNs (2.8%) for the ES 1 group, and 1 of the 33 TNs (3%) for the ES 0 group. By multivariate regression analysis, the independent predictors of TC were ES, microcalcifications, hypoechogenicity, and isthmus location. The positive predictive value (PPV) of ES was 36.1%, which was similar to the PPV of microcalcifications (35.9%), but greater compared with hypoechogenicity (13.6%) and isthmus location (16.9%). The negative predictive value (NPV) of ES was 97.2%, which was better than any other predictor for malignancy. Conclusions: We conclude that TN stiffness measured by elastography is an independent predictor of TC with a PPV that is equal to or greater than that of conventional ultrasonographic characteristics. NPV was greater than any other predictor of malignancy. © Copyright 2013, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2013.


Azizi G.,Wilmington Endocrinology | Keller J.M.,Wilmington Pathology Assoc. | Lewis M.,Wilmington Endocrinology | Piper K.,Childrens Hospital Colorado | And 3 more authors.
Endocrine-Related Cancer | Year: 2014

This prospective study investigates the relationship between Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and thyroid cancer (TC) in patients with thyroid nodules (TNs). We prospectively examined 2100 patients with 2753 TNs between January 5, 2010 and August 15, 2013. A total of 2023 patients with 2669 TNs met the inclusion criteria of TN ≥5 mm and age ≥18 years. Each patient had blood drawn before fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) for the following measurements: TSH, free thyroxine, free tri-iodothyronine, thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb), and antithyroglobulin antibody (TgAb). Diagnosis of TC was based on pathology analysis of thyroidectomy tissue. The associations of TC with the independent variables were determined by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis and reported as adjusted odds ratio (OR) with 95% CI. A total of 248 malignant nodules were found in 233 patients. There was an association of TC with both increased serum TgAb concentration and age<45 years. An elevated serum TgAb concentration was found in 10.2% of patients (182 of 1790) with benign nodules as compared with 20.6% of patients (48 of 233) with malignant nodules (P≤0.0001). TgAb (OR=2.24: CI=1.57, 3.19) and TSH ≥1 μIU/ml (OR (95% CI)) OR: 1.49 (1.09, 2.03) were significant predictors of TC in multivariate analysis controlling for age and gender. TC was not associated with serum concentrations of TPOAb. In patients with TN, elevated serum concentration of TgAb and TSH ≥1 μIU/ml are independent predictors for TC. The association between HT and TC is antibody specific. © 2014 Society for Endocrinology Printed in Great Britain.


Azizi G.,Wilmington Endocrinology | Keller J.M.,Wilmington Pathology Associates | Mayo M.L.,Wilmington Endocrinology | Piper K.,Childrens Hospital Colorado | And 3 more authors.
Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology | Year: 2016

This prospective study evaluates the accuracy of virtual touch imaging quantification (VTIQ), a non-invasive shear wave elastography method for measuring cervical lymph nodes (LN) stiffness in differentiating benign from malignant LN. The study evaluated 270 LN in 236 patients with both conventional B-mode ultrasound and VTIQ shear wave elastography before fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). LN stiffness was measured as shear wave velocity (SWV) in m/s. Surgical resection was advised for FNAB results that were not clearly benign. Surgical pathology confirmed 54 malignant LN. The receiver operating curve (ROC) identified a single cut-off value of 2.93 m/s as the maximum SWV for predicting a malignant cervical LN. The sensitivity and specificity were 92.59% and 75.46%, respectively. Positive predictive value (PPV) was 48.54% and negative predictive value (NPV) was 97.60%. LN stiffness measured by VTIQ-generated shear wave elastography is an independent predictor of malignancy. © 2016 The Authors.


PubMed | Childrens Hospital Colorado, University of Connecticut Health Center, Wilmington Endocrinology, Carolina Arthritis and NC Associates
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Ultrasound in medicine & biology | Year: 2015

This study determines the performance of virtual touch imaging quantification (VTIQ), a non-invasive shear wave elastography method for measuring thyroid nodule (TN) stiffness, in distinguishing benign from malignant TNs. This prospective study evaluates 707TNs in 676 patients with fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). Before FNAB, both conventional B-mode ultrasound and shear wave elastography were performed. Surgical resection was recommended for FNAB results that were not clearly benign. Surgical pathology confirmed 82 malignant TNs. The receiver operating curve identified a single cut-off of 3.54m/s as the maximum shear wave velocity (SWV) for predicting thyroid cancer (TC). The sensitivity and specificity were 79.27% and 71.52%, respectively. Positive predictive value (PPV) was 26.75% and negative predictive value (NPV) was 96.34%. Compared with B-mode US features for predicting malignancy, SWV 3.54m/s has a higher sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV. TN stiffness measured by VTIQ-generated shear wave elastography is an independent predictor of TC.


PubMed | Childrens Hospital Colorado, Wilmington Pathology Associates, Wilmington Endocrinology, Carolina Arthritis and University of Connecticut Health Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Ultrasound in medicine & biology | Year: 2016

This prospective study evaluates the accuracy of virtual touch imaging quantification (VTIQ), a non-invasive shear wave elastography method for measuring cervical lymph nodes (LN) stiffness in differentiating benign from malignant LN. The study evaluated 270 LN in 236 patients with both conventional B-mode ultrasound and VTIQ shear wave elastography before fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). LN stiffness was measured as shear wave velocity (SWV) in m/s. Surgical resection was advised for FNAB results that were not clearly benign. Surgical pathology confirmed 54 malignant LN. The receiver operating curve (ROC) identified a single cut-off value of 2.93m/s as the maximum SWV for predicting a malignant cervical LN. The sensitivity and specificity were 92.59% and 75.46%, respectively. Positive predictive value (PPV) was 48.54% and negative predictive value (NPV) was 97.60%. LN stiffness measured by VTIQ-generated shear wave elastography is an independent predictor of malignancy.


Azizi G.,Wilmington Endocrinology | Malchoff C.D.,University of Connecticut Health Center
Endocrine Practice | Year: 2011

Objective: To examine the relationship between clinical markers of autoimmune thyroid disease and the risk of thyroid cancer in patients with thyroid nodules.Methods: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed in a single clinical practice. In 2,500 consecutive patients, fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) was performed on all 3,658 ultrasonography-positive thyroid nodules that were ≥1.0 cm in diameter or ≥0.5 cm in diameter with ultrasound features suspicious for thyroid cancer. Serum concentrations of thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAb), thyroid peroxidase antibodies, and thyroid-stimulating hormone were measured before FNAB. Diagnosis of thyroid cancer was based on pathologic analysis of thyroidectomy tissue. Associations of thyroid cancer with the independent variables were determined by multivariate logistic regression analysis and reported as the adjusted odds ratio (OR) with the 95% confidence interval (CI).Results: There were 202 patients with malignant thyroid nodules, 51 patients with microscopic unsuspected thyroid cancer distal to the nodule under investigation (found at thyroidectomy), and 2,247 patients with benign thyroid nodules. To evaluate the association of clinical markers for autoimmune thyroid disease with thyroid cancer, we included all 253 patients with thyroid cancer in the malignant cohort. Thyroid cancer was associated with elevated levels of TgAb (OR = 1.57; CI = 1.11 to 2.23) and age <55 years (OR = 2.01; CI = 1.45 to 2.78), and a strong trend was demonstrated for association with male sex (OR = 1.45; CI = 0.99 to 2.12). Thyroid cancer was not associated with elevated levels of thyroid peroxidase antibodies.Conclusion: In patients who have thyroid nodules with indications for FNAB, elevated levels of TgAb are associated with thyroid cancer. Copyright © 2011 AACE.


PubMed | Wilmington Endocrinology
Type: Evaluation Studies | Journal: Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association | Year: 2013

In the ultrasound evaluation of masses, elastography measures stiffness, which may predict malignancy. Studies of small or selected subgroups suggest that elastography may be useful in the evaluation of thyroid nodules (TNs). We prospectively tested the hypothesis that TN stiffness, as measured by strain elastography (SE), is an independent predictor of thyroid cancer (TC) in unselected TNs.In 706 unselected patients with 912 TNs meeting the ATA criteria for a fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB), we first performed conventional thyroid ultrasound and SE. Nodule stiffness was graded from least to most stiff by an elastography score (ES) of ES 0 to ES 3. Surgical resection was recommended for FNAB results that were not clearly benign. Bivariate and multivariate regression analyses identified the independent predictors of TC.There were 86 malignant TNs. ES was a significant predictor of TC (p=0.0001). The prevalence of TC was 57 of the 158 TNs (36.1%) for the ES 3 group, 12 of the 158 TNs (7.7%) for the ES 2 group, 16 of the 565 TNs (2.8%) for the ES 1 group, and 1 of the 33 TNs (3%) for the ES 0 group. By multivariate regression analysis, the independent predictors of TC were ES, microcalcifications, hypoechogenicity, and isthmus location. The positive predictive value (PPV) of ES was 36.1%, which was similar to the PPV of microcalcifications (35.9%), but greater compared with hypoechogenicity (13.6%) and isthmus location (16.9%). The negative predictive value (NPV) of ES was 97.2%, which was better than any other predictor for malignancy.We conclude that TN stiffness measured by elastography is an independent predictor of TC with a PPV that is equal to or greater than that of conventional ultrasonographic characteristics. NPV was greater than any other predictor of malignancy.


Trademark
Wilmington Endocrinology | Date: 2013-05-29

software for predicting the risk of thyroid malignancy of a thyroid nodule.


Trademark
Wilmington Endocrinology | Date: 2014-10-22

Computer software used to analyze thyroid nodules to predict the risk of thyroid malignancy.

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