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Greenberg P.L.,Stanford University | Garcia-Manero G.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | Moore M.,Willis Knighton Cancer Center | Damon L.,University of California at San Francisco | And 4 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2013

Patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) receiving hypomethylating agents commonly develop thrombocytopenia. This double-blind study evaluated the efficacy and safety of romiplostim, a peptibody protein that increases platelets, in patients with MDS receiving decitabine. Patients received romiplostim 750 μg (n = 15) or placebo (n = 14) and decitabine. Median platelet counts at the beginning of each decitabine cycle trended lower in placebo-treated than in romiplostim-treated patients. Bleeding events occurred in 43% of placebo-treated and 27% of romiplostim-treated patients, and platelet transfusions were administered to 57% of placebo-treated and 47% of romiplostim-treated patients. Overall clinical therapeutic response was achieved by 21% of placebo-treated and 33% of romiplostim-treated patients. Treatment was generally well tolerated. Progression to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) occurred in one patient per group. Adding romiplostim to decitabine treatment is well tolerated and may be beneficial, as indicated by trends toward higher platelet counts at the beginning of each treatment cycle and lower platelet transfusion rates and percentages of patients with bleeding events. © 2012 Informa UK, Ltd.

Parker B.C.,Mary Bird Perkins Cancer Center | Parker B.C.,Louisiana State University | Duhon J.,E Oncologics Inc. | Yang C.C.,University of Mississippi Medical Center | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics | Year: 2014

In 2009, Mary Bird Perkins Cancer Center (MBPCC) established a Radiation Oncology Physics Residency Program to provide opportunities for medical physics residency training to MS and PhD graduates of the CAMPEP-accredited Louisiana State University (LSU)-MBPCC Medical Physics Graduate Program. The LSU-MBPCC Program graduates approximately six students yearly, which equates to a need for up to twelve residency positions in a two-year program. To address this need for residency positions, MBPCC has expanded its Program by developing a Consortium consisting of partnerships with medical physics groups located at other nearby clinical institutions. The consortium model offers the residents exposure to a broader range of procedures, technology, and faculty than available at the individual institutions. The Consortium institutions have shown a great deal of support from their medical physics groups and administrations in developing these partnerships. Details of these partnerships are specified within affiliation agreements between MBPCC and each participating institution. All partner sites began resident training in 2011. The Consortium is a network of for-profit, nonprofit, academic, community, and private entities. We feel that these types of collaborative endeavors will be required nationally to reach the number of residency positions needed to meet the 2014 ABR certification requirements and to maintain graduate medical physics training programs.

Freund D.,Mary Bird Perkins Cancer Center | Freund D.,Louisiana State University | Freund D.,Willis Knighton Cancer Center | Zhang R.,Mary Bird Perkins Cancer Center | And 4 more authors.
Cancers | Year: 2015

Cancer of the brain and central nervous system (CNS) is the second most common of all pediatric cancers. Treatment of many of these cancers includes radiation therapy of which radiation induced cerebral necrosis (RICN) can be a severe and potentially devastating side effect. Risk factors for RICN include brain volume irradiated, the dose given per fraction and total dose. Thirteen pediatric patients were selected for this study to determine the difference in predicted risk of RICN when treating with volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) compared to passively scattered proton therapy (PSPT) and intensity modulated proton therapy (IMPT). Plans were compared on the basis of dosimetric endpoints in the planned treatment volume (PTV) and brain and a radiobiological endpoint of RICN calculated using the Lyman-Kutcher-Burman probit model. Uncertainty tests were performed to determine if the predicted risk of necrosis was sensitive to positional errors, proton range errors and selection of risk models. Both PSPT and IMPT plans resulted in a significant increase in the maximum dose to the brain, a significant reduction in the total brain volume irradiated to low doses, and a significant lower predicted risk of necrosis compared with the VMAT plans. The findings of this study were upheld by the uncertainty analysis. © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Johnson P.B.,University of Miami | Padgett K.R.,University of Miami | Chen K.L.,Willis Knighton Cancer Center | Dogan N.,University of Miami
Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics | Year: 2016

"Reg Refine" is a tool available in the MIM Maestro v6.4.5 platform (www.mimsoftware.com) that allows the user to actively participate in the deformable image registration process. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the efficacy of this tool and investigate strategies for how to apply it effectively. This was done by performing DIR on two publicly available ground-truth models, the Pixel-based Breathing Thorax Model (POPI) for lung, and the Deformable Image Registration Evaluation Project (DIREP) for head and neck. Image noise matched in both magnitude and texture to clinical CBCT scans was also added to each model to simulate the use case of CBCT-CT alignment. For lung, the results showed Reg Refine effective at improving registration accuracy when controlled by an expert user within the context of large lung deformation. CBCT noise was also shown to have no effect on DIR performance while using the MIM algorithm for this site. For head and neck, the results showed CBCT noise to have a large effect on the accuracy of registration, specifically for low-contrast structures such as the brainstem and parotid glands. In these cases, the Reg Refine tool was able to improve the registration accuracy when controlled by an expert user. Several strategies for how to achieve these results have been outlined to assist other users and provide feedback for developers of similar tools. © Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Fischer-Valuck B.W.,Willis Knighton Cancer Center | Fischer-Valuck B.W.,University of Washington | Boggs H.,Willis Knighton Cancer Center | Boggs H.,University of Maryland, Baltimore | And 4 more authors.
Tumori | Year: 2015

Introduction: Histological confirmation of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is often required before patients are offered stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) as a treatment option. Many patients, however, are unsuitable to undergo a biopsy procedure because of comorbidity. Our objective is to compare the outcomes of patients with biopsy-proven (BxPr) or clinically/radiographically diagnosed (RadDx) early-stage NSCLC treated with SBRT. Methods: Records of 88 patients treated with SBRT at a single institution were reviewed. Sixty-five patients had BxPr early-stage NSCLC. Twenty-three patients were RadDx with early-stage NSCLC based on an FDG-avid chest nodule on PET scan, serial sequential CT-findings compatible with NSCLC, and consensus of a multidisciplinary team. Outcomes of patients with BxPr and RadDx NSCLC were evaluated in regard to local control, regional lymph node metastasis-free and distant metastasis-free rates, and overall survival using Kaplan-Meier survival curves. Results: Median follow-up for all patients was 29 months (range, 4-82 months). Cumulative local progression-free rate after 3 years for the BxPr group was 93.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 85.2%-97.6%) and 94.10% (95% CI, 73.2%-97.6%) for the RadDx group (p = 0.98). No differences regarding regional lymph node metastasis-free and distant metastasis-free rates by subgroup were observed. The overall 3-year survival rate for the BxPr group was 59.9% (95% CI, 44.8%-68.2%) and 58.9% (95% CI, 40.1%-77.8%) for the RadDx group (p = 0.46). Conclusions: SBRT is a practical treatment modality for patients with RadDx early-stage NSCLC. Outcomes of patients RadDx with NSCLC mirror the results of patients treated with BxPr disease. © 2015 INTM, Italy. Published by Wichtig Publishing.

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