William Jessup University is a Christian liberal arts university located in Rocklin, California with an additional site in San Jose, California. The university served over 1280 students during 201114 academic year had over a 10% increase compared to the previous years enrollment. Record enrollments have occurred for the past 4 consecutive semesters. Wikipedia.
McGrann M.C.,University of California at Davis |
McGrann M.C.,William Jessup University |
Tingley M.W.,Princeton University |
Tingley M.W.,University of Connecticut |
And 4 more authors.
Avian Conservation and Ecology | Year: 2014
Predictions of the responses of montane bird communities to climate change generally presuppose that species and assemblages hold constant relationships to temperature across large study regions. However, comparative studies of avian communities exploring the factors that currently shape species richness patterns rarely analyze relationships across neighboring ecological regions of the same mountain chain. Evaluations of the intrinsic regional differences in species-environment relationships are needed to better inform expectations of how bird communities may be affected by future climate change. In this study, we evaluated the relative importance of three environmental factors (temperature, precipitation, and net primary productivity) in structuring avian richness patterns along a continuous mega-transect. We followed the route of the Pacific Crest Trail (PCT) (32.58° N to 42.00° N, ranging in elevation from 365 to 4020 m) on the California cordillera and completed avian point counts on 3578 systematically established survey plots. We divided this mega-transect into five sections, which corresponded to distinct ecological regions along the mountain chain. Regions differed both for elevation-richness patterns, exhibiting linear and unimodal trends, and for model-supported environmental drivers of patterns, with some richness-environment correlations changing sign across adjacent regions. These results were robust to sampling bias, regional species availability, and spatial autocorrelation. Although seasonal variation in avian movements may have limited influence on our results, we conclude that intrinsic regional environments affect bird species richness differently in each of these sections on the PCT, thus creating region-specific species-environment relationships. Appreciation of regional environmental heterogeneity will only increase in light of forecasted climate change, where regional predictions often diverge greatly from global trends, necessitating a site-specific approach to climate adaptation rather than ‘one size fits all’ strategies. © 2014 by the author(s). Published here under license by the Resilience Alliance.
Disbrow E.A.,Overton Brooks Medical Center |
Carmichael O.,University of California at Davis |
He J.,University of California at Davis |
Lanni K.E.,William Jessup University |
And 4 more authors.
Journal of Parkinson's disease | Year: 2014
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) can result in cognitive impairment. Executive dysfunction often appears early, followed by more widespread deficits later in the course of the disease. Disruption of parallel basal ganglia thalamo-cortical loops that subserve motor and cognitive function has been described in PD. However, there is emerging evidence that the default mode network, a cortical network that is active at rest with reduced activation during task performance, may also play a role in disease related cognitive decline.OBJECTIVE: To determine the relative contribution of the executive control and default mode networks to parkinsonian executive dysfunction in medicated non-demented patients.METHODS: We used BOLD fMRI to measure resting state functional connectivity in the executive control and default mode (DM) networks, and examined switching, processing speed, working memory/attention and motor performance in 14 medicated non-demented PD participants and 20 controls.RESULTS: Performance on neuropsychological measures was similar across groups. Functional connectivity was not different across disease conditions in the executive control network. DMN functional connectivity was decreased in the PD group, specifically between posterior cingulate, medial prefrontal, and inferior parietal nodes. Greater DMN functional connectivity was associated with faster processing speed in the PD group.CONCLUSIONS: The continuous relationship between DMN disconnection and executive task performance indicates a possible biological contributor to parkinsonian cognitive deficits. The dynamics of executive control network change may be different than that of the DMN, suggesting less sensitivity to early cognitive deficits.
News Article | February 25, 2017
Thanks to a $375,000 donation from the Gandy family in Lincoln and a matching one from the Los Angeles-based Hugh & Hazel Darling Foundation, a new chemistry lab opened at William Jessup University in September, filling a need for more lab space. Not only will it aid local students, but it will be a boon for local employers seeking qualified and trained graduates, according to school officials. The new Gandy Chemistry Lab is now open to students, thus paving the way to address a growing demand for workforce-ready graduates in key health and scientific fields. Demand for science-based lab courses has more than doubled at William Jessup since 2014, according to the university. George Stubblefield, the university’s natural and applied sciences chairman, said the expanded science division paired with the new lab will improve William Jessup’s ability to prepare students for graduate school and ultimately the workforce. The new multi-purpose, fully funded 1,000-square-foot lab doubles the university’s current lab space while incorporating additional workspace for lab managers and assistants. The university now offers biology, kinesiology, environmental science and computer science curriculums. The new space includes four new fume hoods and complete “smart room” capabilities with fully supplied air, gas and a vacuum. More water accessibilities will be installed in the future. Anticipated research projects include ongoing biological and cultural research on bacterial fungus, water quality studies and research into microbial biodiversity on the Pacific Crest Trail, according to a news release issued by the university. The new lab was made possible by a donation from longtime university patrons Craig and Cheri Gandy and a matching grant from the Hugh and Hazel Darling Foundation, represented by Linda and Richard Stack. The foundation’s contributions also played a significant role in growing the university’s footprint by financially supporting the university’s Media Lab in 2013. That facility was outfitted with 20 Apple computers and other technology to help students collaborate on projects and group assignments. Craig Gandy, a former coach of the Jessup golf team, decided with his wife to donate toward the chemistry lab because they wanted to give monetarily to an area with the most urgent need, he said. The new chemistry lab, officially dedicated Sept. 8, has already received rave reviews from both students and professors. Stacey Roddick, a junior at William Jessup, said it seemed like every program she looked at before enrolling required science classes that had been impacted by limited lab space. Roddick stated that she feels blessed to have flexible lab time and receive the one-on-one attention she desires due to the smaller class sizes. Also, Jessup athletes and other students participating in extracurricular activities, who were previously pressed to squeeze in lab time and courses due to practice, games and travel commitments, now have greater flexibility to complete mandatory tests and projects. The new lab will also allow the university to expand offerings to the Allied Health pre-med students who need a large number of lab hours in anatomy, physiology, chemistry and microbiology. This pleases prospective employers, including Sutter Roseville Medical Center chief executive officer Pat Brady. Of particular interest to Brady is the emphasis on the biological sciences, which will lead to highly trained members of the future workforce in the health field. He is pleased that William Jessup is producing students with strong values and high expectations to excel.
McGrann M.C.,William Jessup University |
Furnas B.J.,Wildlife Investigations Laboratory
Ecosphere | Year: 2016
Climate change is expected to disrupt the distribution and behavior of montane birds. Monitoring these impacts will be essential because the ecological efects of climate change are likely to be complex. Hiking trails that traverse montane regions provide an opportunity to effciently survey bird diversity along elevation and other ecological gradients, and these data can be used to model climaterelated vulnerabilities of avian communities. In 2010, we surveyed a 697-km segment of the Pacific Crest Trail in northern California, USA. We conducted point counts of birds at 404 sites during the breeding season when birds were readily detected by song and other vocalizations. To bolster our sampling efort, we lef automated recorders at approximately half of the sites to make recordings for later interpretation of bird vocalizations. Using a multispecies occupancy model, we investigated how relationships between richness and elevation and between vocal activity and daily temperature difered among three migratory guilds-residents, altitudinal migrants, and Neotropical migrants. We found that richness decreased with increasing elevation for residents and Neotropical migrants, whereas it increased for altitudinal migrants. As temperature increased, residents and altitudinal migrants curtailed their vocal activity, but Neotropical migrants did not reduce vocal activity even though this behavior is energetically expensive on hot days. We also found that total species within each of three elevation zones was greatest at middle elevations (1200-1900 m). Altogether, these fndings suggest that as global temperature rises there may be greater competition among birds previously separated by elevation and that Neotropical migrants may be at greater risk of heat stress during the breeding season. Furthermore, the conservation of structurally complex, middle-elevation forests could provide birds a refugium to the impacts of climate change. © 2016 McGrann and Furnas.
Forden C.L.,Anthropology and Egyptology |
Carrillo A.M.,William Jessup University
Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse | Year: 2015
To assess smoking behavior, knowledge of smoking harm, and attitudes toward campus smoking policy at an Egyptian university, an online survey of students, staff, and faculty was conducted (N = 992). The smoking prevalence of 38% among men was in line with Egypt’s national average, but the smoking prevalence among women of 20% was much higher than the national average. Smoking status influenced beliefs about smoking harm and attitudes toward smoking policy, with nonsmokers having stronger beliefs about the harm of smoking and showing stronger support for smoking regulations than smokers. Smokers were more knowledgeable about smoking policy than were nonsmokers and differed slightly in their preferences for smoking policy enforcement strategies. These findings contribute to our understanding of how to tailor college smoking policy and programs to an Egyptian context. 2016 Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
PubMed | William Jessup University and Anthropology and Egyptology
Type: | Journal: Journal of ethnicity in substance abuse | Year: 2015
To assess smoking behavior, knowledge of smoking harm, and attitudes toward campus smoking policy at an Egyptian university, an online survey of students, staff, and faculty was conducted (N=992). The smoking prevalence of 38% among men was in line with Egypts national average, but the smoking prevalence among women of 20% was much higher than the national average. Smoking status influenced beliefs about smoking harm and attitudes toward smoking policy, with nonsmokers having stronger beliefs about the harm of smoking and showing stronger support for smoking regulations than smokers. Smokers were more knowledgeable about smoking policy than were nonsmokers and differed slightly in their preferences for smoking policy enforcement strategies. These findings contribute to our understanding of how to tailor college smoking policy and programs to an Egyptian context.