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Rocklin, CA, United States

William Jessup University is a Christian liberal arts university located in Rocklin, California with an additional site in San Jose, California. The university served over 1280 students during 2011/12, with 942 full-time equivalents. On August 29, 2013 it was announced that the 2013/14 academic year had over a 10% increase compared to the previous years enrollment. Record enrollments have occurred for the past 4 consecutive semesters. Wikipedia.

Forden C.L.,Anthropology and Egyptology | Carrillo A.M.,William Jessup University
Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse | Year: 2015

To assess smoking behavior, knowledge of smoking harm, and attitudes toward campus smoking policy at an Egyptian university, an online survey of students, staff, and faculty was conducted (N = 992). The smoking prevalence of 38% among men was in line with Egypt’s national average, but the smoking prevalence among women of 20% was much higher than the national average. Smoking status influenced beliefs about smoking harm and attitudes toward smoking policy, with nonsmokers having stronger beliefs about the harm of smoking and showing stronger support for smoking regulations than smokers. Smokers were more knowledgeable about smoking policy than were nonsmokers and differed slightly in their preferences for smoking policy enforcement strategies. These findings contribute to our understanding of how to tailor college smoking policy and programs to an Egyptian context. 2016 Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

Disbrow E.A.,Overton Brooks Medical Center | Carmichael O.,University of California at Davis | He J.,University of California at Davis | Lanni K.E.,William Jessup University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Parkinson's disease | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) can result in cognitive impairment. Executive dysfunction often appears early, followed by more widespread deficits later in the course of the disease. Disruption of parallel basal ganglia thalamo-cortical loops that subserve motor and cognitive function has been described in PD. However, there is emerging evidence that the default mode network, a cortical network that is active at rest with reduced activation during task performance, may also play a role in disease related cognitive decline.OBJECTIVE: To determine the relative contribution of the executive control and default mode networks to parkinsonian executive dysfunction in medicated non-demented patients.METHODS: We used BOLD fMRI to measure resting state functional connectivity in the executive control and default mode (DM) networks, and examined switching, processing speed, working memory/attention and motor performance in 14 medicated non-demented PD participants and 20 controls.RESULTS: Performance on neuropsychological measures was similar across groups. Functional connectivity was not different across disease conditions in the executive control network. DMN functional connectivity was decreased in the PD group, specifically between posterior cingulate, medial prefrontal, and inferior parietal nodes. Greater DMN functional connectivity was associated with faster processing speed in the PD group.CONCLUSIONS: The continuous relationship between DMN disconnection and executive task performance indicates a possible biological contributor to parkinsonian cognitive deficits. The dynamics of executive control network change may be different than that of the DMN, suggesting less sensitivity to early cognitive deficits.

McGrann M.C.,University of California at Davis | McGrann M.C.,William Jessup University | Tingley M.W.,Princeton University | Tingley M.W.,University of Connecticut | And 4 more authors.
Avian Conservation and Ecology | Year: 2014

Predictions of the responses of montane bird communities to climate change generally presuppose that species and assemblages hold constant relationships to temperature across large study regions. However, comparative studies of avian communities exploring the factors that currently shape species richness patterns rarely analyze relationships across neighboring ecological regions of the same mountain chain. Evaluations of the intrinsic regional differences in species-environment relationships are needed to better inform expectations of how bird communities may be affected by future climate change. In this study, we evaluated the relative importance of three environmental factors (temperature, precipitation, and net primary productivity) in structuring avian richness patterns along a continuous mega-transect. We followed the route of the Pacific Crest Trail (PCT) (32.58° N to 42.00° N, ranging in elevation from 365 to 4020 m) on the California cordillera and completed avian point counts on 3578 systematically established survey plots. We divided this mega-transect into five sections, which corresponded to distinct ecological regions along the mountain chain. Regions differed both for elevation-richness patterns, exhibiting linear and unimodal trends, and for model-supported environmental drivers of patterns, with some richness-environment correlations changing sign across adjacent regions. These results were robust to sampling bias, regional species availability, and spatial autocorrelation. Although seasonal variation in avian movements may have limited influence on our results, we conclude that intrinsic regional environments affect bird species richness differently in each of these sections on the PCT, thus creating region-specific species-environment relationships. Appreciation of regional environmental heterogeneity will only increase in light of forecasted climate change, where regional predictions often diverge greatly from global trends, necessitating a site-specific approach to climate adaptation rather than ‘one size fits all’ strategies. © 2014 by the author(s). Published here under license by the Resilience Alliance.

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