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Troy, MI, United States

Bauer M.E.B.,University of Michigan | Bauer S.T.,William Beaumont Health System | Rabbani A.B.,University of Michigan | Mhyre J.M.,University of Michigan
Anesthesia and Analgesia

A 31-year-old woman at 32 weeks' gestation presented with an ST segment elevation myocardial infarction with subsequent bare metal stent placement. A multidisciplinary team coordinated the delivery plan, including anticoagulation and delivery mode. Because the patient was at high risk for stent thrombosis, clopidogrel was discontinued after 4 weeks and bridged with eptifibatide for 7 days. Eptifibatide was stopped for induction of labor. Twelve hours after eptifibatide was discontinued, hemostatic function was assessed with thromboelastography before initiating neuraxial analgesia. A successful operative vaginal delivery was performed, followed by an uncomplicated recovery. Clopidogrel was resumed 24 hours postpartum. © 2012 International Anesthesia Research Society. Source

Williams L.,William Beaumont Health System | Chiosea S.I.,University of Pittsburgh
Head and Neck Pathology

Mammary analogue secretory carcinoma (MASC) is a recently described salivary gland tumor characterized by ETV6 translocation. It appears that prior studies have identified MASC by reviewing salivary gland carcinomas, such as acinic cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma, not otherwise specified. To address the possibility of MASC mimicking benign salivary neoplasms we reviewed 12 salivary gland (cyst)adenomas diagnosed prior to the discovery of MASC. One encapsulated (cyst)adenoma of the parotid gland demonstrated features of MASC. The diagnosis was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization with an ETV6 break-apart probe. An unusual complex pattern of ETV6 rearrangement with duplication of the telomeric/distal ETV6 probe was identified. This case illustrates that MASC may mimic salivary (cyst)adenomas. To more accurately assess true clinical and morphologic spectrum of MASC, future studies may have to include review of salivary (cyst)adenomas. The differential diagnosis of MASC may have to be expanded to include cases resembling salivary (cyst)adenomas. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

Ardati A.K.,University of Michigan | Kaufman S.R.,University of Michigan | Aronow H.D.,Michigan Heart | Nypaver T.J.,Ford Motor Company | And 3 more authors.
Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions

Background-Peripheral arterial disease is a manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis and is predictive of future cardiovascular events. Clinical trial data have demonstrated that medical therapy can attenuate cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with peripheral arterial disease. The utilization and impact of recommended medical therapy in a contemporary population of patients who undergo percutaneous interventions for lifestyle-limiting peripheral arterial disease is unknown. Methods and Results-Using the Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan Cardiovascular Consortium Peripheral Vascular Intervention (BMC2 PVI) database, we identified 1357 peripheral vascular intervention encounters between January 2007 and December 2009 for the purpose of treating claudication. Before the intervention, 85% of these patients used aspirin, 76% used statin, 65% abstained from smoking, and 47% did all 3. There was no difference in cardiovascular events among those taking an aspirin and a statin on admission and those who were not. However, in both an unadjusted and a multivariable analysis, the odds of an adverse peripheral vascular outcome (repeat peripheral intervention, amputation, or limb salvage surgery) within 6 months decreased by more than half in patients receiving aspirin and statin therapy before peripheral vascular intervention as compared with those who received neither (odds ratio, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.29-0.71). Conclusions-The fundamental elements of medical therapy in patients with lifestyle-limiting claudication are often underutilized before referral for revascularization. Appropriate medical therapy before percutaneous revascularization is associated with fewer peripheral vascular events at 6 months. © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc. Source

Troeller A.,William Beaumont Health System | Troeller A.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | Yan D.,William Beaumont Health System | Marina O.,William Beaumont Health System | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics

Purpose: This study compared normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) modeling of chronic gastrointestinal toxicities following prostate cancer treatment for 2 treatment modalities. Possible factors causing discrepancies in optimal NTCP model parameters between 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) and intensity modulated RT (IMRT) were analyzed and discussed, including the impact of patient characteristics, image guidance, toxicity scoring bias, and NTCP model limitations. Methods and Materials: Rectal wall dose-volume histograms of 1115 patients treated for prostate cancer under an adaptive radiation therapy protocol were used to model gastrointestinal toxicity grade >2 (according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events). A total of 457 patients were treated with 3D-CRT and 658 with IMRT. 3D-CRT patients were matched to IMRT patients based on various patient characteristics, using a propensity score-based algorithm. Parameters of the Lyman equivalent uniform dose and cut-off dose logistic regression NTCP models were estimated for the 2 matched treatment modalities and the combined group. Results: After they were matched, the 3D-CRT and IMRT groups contained 275 and 550 patients with a large discrepancy of 28.7% versus 7.8% toxicities, respectively (P<.001). For both NTCP models, optimal parameters found for the 3D-CRT groups did not fit the IMRT patients well and vice versa. Models developed for the combined data overestimated NTCP for the IMRT patients and underestimated NTCP for the 3D-CRT group. Conclusions: Our analysis did not reveal a single definitive cause for discrepancies of model parameters between 3D-CRT and IMRT. Patient characteristics and bias in toxicity scoring, as well as image guidance alone, are unlikely causes of the large discrepancy of toxicities. Whether the cause was inherent to the specific NTCP models used in this study needs to be verified by future investigations. Because IMRT is increasingly used clinically, it is important that appropriate NTCP model parameters are determined for this treatment modality. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source

Williams L.,William Beaumont Health System | Kelley H.H.,Northern Navajo Medical Center | Meng X.,University of Massachusetts Medical School | Prada A.,William Beaumont Health System | Crisan D.,William Beaumont Health System
Diagnostic Molecular Pathology

FLT3 is one of the most frequently mutated genes in acute myeloid leukemia. Previous studies have reported FLT3 mutation in as many as 9.2% of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) and myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms (MDS/MPNs), as well as in chronic myelogenous leukemia, that are negative for the JAK2 V617F gene mutation; no FLT3 mutation has been found in JAK2-positive MPNs, suggesting that the mutations are mutually exclusive. The goal of our study is to evaluate the mutational status of the FLT3 gene in patients with an MPN or MDS/MPN, in correlation with the JAK2 mutational status. Patient specimens were retrospectively identified on the basis of MPN or MDS/MPN diagnosis and JAK2 analysis from February 2006 to December 2011. FLT3 mutation analysis was performed on DNA extracted from 152 patients using polymerase chain reaction amplification and analysis of amplicons by gel electrophoresis for internal tandem duplication mutations and by restriction endonuclease digestion fragment analysis for the D835 point mutation. FLT3 mutation analysis was performed on 90 cases of JAK2-negative MPN or MDS/MPN and 62 cases of JAK2-positive MPN. One FLT3 internal tandem duplication mutation was identified in the JAK2-negative group (1.1%), and none were identified in the JAK2-positive group, confirming the absence of FLT3 mutations in JAK2-positive specimens. The FLT3-positive MPN patient was diagnosed with MPN, unclassifiable, and was later found to have myeloid sarcoma; thus, FLT3 mutation was not seen in the usual types of MPN in our series. Our result of 1.1% FLT3 mutations in JAK2-negative MPN and MDS/MPN cases is lower than the 9.2% previously reported. Copyright © 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

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