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Wilkes - Barre, PA, United States

Wilkes University is a private, non-denominational American university located in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. It has over 2,200 undergraduates and over 2,200 graduate students . Wilkes was founded in 1933 as a satellite campus of Bucknell University, and became an independent institution in 1947, naming itself Wilkes College, after English radical politician John Wilkes. The school was granted university status in January 1990.The school mascot, which was suggested by Wilkes student Joe Pringle , is a Colonel and the official colors are blue and yellow. The campus symbol is a letter "W" known as the "flying W" by students and alumni. Wikipedia.

Using an explanatory sequential mixed methods design, the study investigated high school students' affordances for social media, their attitudes and beliefs about these new technologies, and related obstacles and issues. The affordance findings indicate that students depend on social media in their daily lives for leisure and social connections. Educational uses by teachers for classroom teaching and learning are sporadic, while uses by students on their own for learning purposes seem to be abundant but also incidental and informal. Quantitative results suggest that in general, students show positive attitudes and beliefs about social media use in education. Exploratory factor analysis revealed three components that explained a total of 65.4% of the variance: (a) benefits of social media use, (b) disadvantages of social media use, and (c) current social media use in education. Three issues emerged from the interview data: Conceptual understanding of social media for learning; close-minded, acquired uses versus open-minded, innate uses of social media; and changed concepts of learning. The study results suggest that for social media to be used as effective learning tools and to adjust students' prior affordances with these tools, complicated efforts in designing, scaffolding, and interacting with students during the process are necessary. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Witczak Z.J.,Wilkes University
Phosphorus, Sulfur and Silicon and the Related Elements | Year: 2013

Incorporation of sulfur into desirable thio-link for further functionalization is available by two methods, which are clearly emerging from available pool of tools, specifically, Thiol Michael Enone Addition (TMEA) and thiol-ene coupling (TEC). Both approaches are highly stereoselective, and form adducts in overall high yield. TEC thiol-ene coupling protocol was employed in the stereoselective and high yield coupling (78% and 86%) of ene 2 with 1-thioglucose and 1-thiogalactose © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Bielski R.,Value Recovery Inc. | Witczak Z.,Wilkes University
Chemical Reviews | Year: 2013

Chemists spend a great deal of time developing new methodologies to connect various molecules and add decorations to molecules of biological origin. There are many circumstances when there is a need to couple two or more units and then decouple them later. There is no doubt that decoupling chemistry is much less developed than coupling chemistry. However, there are many situations that call for the use of reliable disconnection reactions. The most common reason is to better control the delivery of the active drug. The concept of codrugs is similar. Codrug or mutual prodrug is an approach where various effective drugs, which are associated with some drawbacks, can be modified by attaching with other drugs of same or different categories directly or via a linkage. More appropriately one can say combining two different pharmacophores with similar or different pharmacological activities elicit synergistic action or help to target the parent drug to specific site/organ/cells respectively.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: Gen & Age Rel Disabilities Eng | Award Amount: 136.35K | Year: 2013

PI: Zhang, Xiaoli and Nelson, Carl A.
Proposal Number: 1264496 & 1264504

The objective of this research is to develop a novel 3D gaze control system to intuitively connect elderly or disabled people with robotic assistants. The communication will take place through a 3D gaze as the robot control signal. We will focus on basic Activities of Daily Living, including retrieving an object to the user, and moving an object from one place to another, which enable the individual to live independently. Tasks include: (1) a study of 3D gaze estimation based on eye modeling and simulation with experimental data; (2) investigation and development of a 3D gaze control framework to enable the target selection relative to real-world, everyday objects on which assistive tasks are performed; (3) establishment of a gaze control platform for testing and evaluating the proposed 3D gaze control model with a wide range of assistive robot applications.

Intellectual Merit: The project investigates a novel 3D gaze control concept for robotic assistants with the goal of increasing the level of independence for motor impaired people due to diseases or senescence. The research also proposes a novel gaze control model which uses gaze-extracted features to guide a robot for object identification and operation, achieving simple and natural human-robot interaction. Finally, the project seeks to develop a novel 3D gaze estimation system to ensure accuracy and reliability, which is currently not well explored. This project seeks to provide solutions for a wide spectrum of robotic assistive applications.

Broader Impacts: By introducing 3D gaze as the control signal into communication between elderly or disabled people and robotic assistants, the broader impacts of this project are to build a simple and natural control interface to motor impaired people and increase the level of living independence. Persons with disabilities, especially students with disabilities at Wilkes University, will be actively involved in the development of the proposed work including feedback in the form of interviews, surveys, and participation in testing and evaluating the working system. Results, outcomes, software tools, benchmarks, and educational materials will be disseminated through a project web site, as well as through journal and conference publications. A new course on assistive robotic technology is being developed and taught at Wilkes University.

Wilkes University | Date: 2013-07-15

A gaze contingent control system for a robotic laparoscope holder which has a video-based remote eye tracking device and at least one processor capable of receiving eye gaze data from said eye tracking device and in response outputting a series of control signals for moving said robotic laparoscope.

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