Waterloo, Canada
Waterloo, Canada

Wilfrid Laurier University , is a Canadian public research university located in the heart of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Laurier has several other campuses, such as in Toronto, Ontario , Brantford, Ontario, Kitchener, Ontario and in Chongqing, China . It is named in honour of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, the seventh Prime Minister of Canada. Laurier offers a full range of undergraduate and graduate programs in a variety of fields. Laurier is one of the fastest-growing universities in Canada . The main campus in Waterloo sits in the heart of the "Silicon Valley North" of Canada, as the "KW" area and Ontario more broadly speaking has the largest concentration of tech companies in North America apart from California. The City of Waterloo is home to both Wilfrid Laurier University and the University of Waterloo. Laurier University ranks second in Canada for graduates obtaining investment banking employment in Canada and abroad. The university ranks 4th in Canada for graduates obtaining employment in professional finance other than investment banking, 6th for professional accounting employment and 2nd for marketing employment. Laurier also ranks 10th in the 2014 Maclean's University Rankings for the Comprehensive University category, which compares Canadian research-intensive universities. WLU has been rated one of the top business schools in the country, operating the largest business co-op program in Canada and includes co-op opportunities with Goldman Sachs and UBS Securities to name a few. In 2013, Research Infosource ranked Laurier University in the top 50 of research universities in Canada, out of nearly 100 Canadian universities in existence. Laurier is one of only fifteen universities in Canada to have its own publishing company; it has a 41-year history. Currently, the university is administered by multi-billionaire and financial industry investor and entrepreneur Michael Lee-Chin, the chancellor of Laurier University. For humanities program applicants, the acceptance rate is 21.2%, for business program applicants, it is 16.8%, for science program applicants, 12.6% and for music program applicants, 16.4%, for the year 2011. The average high school entry grade is 82.1%. There are roughly 88,000 alumni from 85 countries across the globe. Wikipedia.


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News Article | April 27, 2017
Site: www.eurekalert.org

A team of researchers has discovered that many Canadian lakes can provide new insights into ancient oceans, and their findings could advance research about greenhouse gas emissions, harmful algal blooms, and early life forms. Scientists from the University of Waterloo led the team of microbiologists, geochemists, and freshwater specialists in a surprising finding that lakes of the Boreal Shield may be similar to oceans of the Archean Eon, a period more than 2.5 billion years ago when microbial life thrived in a world without oxygen. This finding is important because there are millions of Boreal Shield lakes in Canada that likely share key properties with the Archean oceans. Until now, scientists have relied on only four so-called analogue lakes--ones with similar primordial conditions--most of which are found in remote or ecologically sensitive locations. "With so many lakes to study, this discovery changes how we approach this field of research," said co-author Jackson Tsuji, a doctoral student in the Department of Biology in the Faculty of Science. "It's exciting that these lakes, which are basically in our backyard, hold information that could have implications for global climate, past and present, and water management." Published in Scientific Reports, the findings have the potential to transform how scientists carry out research about Earth's earliest life forms, which originated in oxygen-free oceans thought to be low in sulphur and high in iron. Many Boreal Shield lakes, also low in sulphur and high in iron, develop oxygen-free layers each summer. Although these layers mix in the spring and fall, they re-establish quickly. "We used to think finding a suitable Archean ocean analogue meant that you had to find a lake that didn't mix. For example, current analogues are hundreds of metres deep and completely stratified," said Josh Neufeld, a professor in the Department of Biology. "An important discovery here was how robust this oxygen-free community is, despite the mixing." Researchers can use these lakes as living laboratories to study how microbes of the past might have functioned. The microbes detected in the sampled lakes are thought to metabolize iron compounds with the help of sunlight, which may help researchers understand how to predict and control harmful algal blooms because iron plays a key role in algal bloom formation. In addition, the unique and previously unknown microbial communities, specifically methane-consuming microbes at the bottom of these lakes, have broad implications for greenhouse gas emissions. The study compared aspects of the four current Archean-ocean analogues to two Boreal Shield lakes using water chemistry, microbial community profiles, and stable isotope patterns. The researchers' unique application of the latest biological and isotopic tools shows that similar biological processes to existing analogues are not only present, but active in the water, reoccurring every year. "This groundbreaking discovery was possible because we had the flexibility to pursue some unexpected results with a multi-disciplinary team using state-of-the-art tools and techniques," said Sherry Schiff, a professor in the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences. Boreal Shield lakes are widespread across the Boreal Shield, the largest of the Canadian ecozones, which extends across more than 20 per cent of Canada's land mass. Similar lakes are found in Finland, Norway, Sweden, and Russia. The study's other authors are Lingling Wu and Richard Elgood, from Waterloo's Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Jason Venkiteswaran of Wilfrid Laurier University, Lewis Molot of York University, and Michael Paterson of the IISD-Experimental Lakes Area. Neufeld, Schiff, and Wu are members of Waterloo's Water Institute.


Malti T.,University of Toronto | Krettenauer T.,Wilfrid Laurier University
Child Development | Year: 2013

This meta-analytic review of 42 studies covering 8,009 participants (ages 4-20) examines the relation of moral emotion attributions to prosocial and antisocial behavior. A significant association is found between moral emotion attributions and prosocial and antisocial behaviors (d = 26, 95% CI [.15, 38]; d = 39, 95% CI [.29, 49]). Effect sizes differ considerably across studies and this heterogeneity is attributed to moderator variables. Specifically, effect sizes for predicted antisocial behavior are larger for self-attributed moral emotions than for emotions attributed to hypothetical story characters. Effect sizes for prosocial and antisocial behaviors are associated with several other study characteristics. Results are discussed with respect to the potential significance of moral emotion attributions for the social behavior of children and adolescents. © 2012 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.


McCluskey C.C.,Wilfrid Laurier University
Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications | Year: 2010

SIR models with distributed delay and with discrete delay are studied. The global dynamics are fully determined for R0 > 1 by using a Lyapunov functional. For each model it is shown that the endemic equilibrium is globally asymptotically stable whenever it exists. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


McLeman R.,Wilfrid Laurier University
Climatic Change | Year: 2013

Climatic variability and change is known to influence human migration patterns. Researchers increasingly see migration as one of a range of potential means by which populations may adapt to the future impacts of climate change. Modelling of climate change-related migration is a relatively new undertaking. This article provides a brief overview of current scholarly understanding of climate change-related migration processes, identifies recent developments and current challenges in modelling, and suggests opportunities for enhancing future modelling efforts. Given the lack of reliable global datasets on environmentally related migration, regional and sub-regional modelling of climate change effects on migration is where most developments are likely to emerge in the short-run. Such models, which can draw on a range of GIS-based and statistical approaches, at present make use of fairly general assumptions about migration behavior, and therefore best serve as gauges of potential trends and migration hotspots, and not as absolute predictors of future migrant numbers. Models will become increasingly sophisticated as scholarly understanding of underlying factors influencing migration behavior, such as risk perception, social networks, and labor market connections, is improved. Obtaining reliable data for use in such models will remain a significant challenge in coming years. International policymakers seeking to expand the predictive capacity of models are encouraged to use existing mechanisms such as the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change to develop protocols and mechanisms for collecting and sharing reliable data on climate-related population movements. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.


Bakshi M.S.,Wilfrid Laurier University
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science | Year: 2014

Target drug delivery methodology is becoming increasingly important to overcome the shortcomings of conventional drug delivery absorption method. It improves the action time with uniform distribution and poses minimum side effects, but is usually difficult to design to achieve the desire results. Economically favorable, environment friendly, multifunctional, and easy to design, hybrid nanomaterials have demonstrated their enormous potential as target drug delivery vehicles. A combination of both micelles and nanoparticles makes them fine target delivery vehicles in a variety of biological applications where precision is primarily required to achieve the desired results as in the case of cytotoxicity of cancer cells, chemotherapy, and computed tomography guided radiation therapy. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Gusev D.G.,Wilfrid Laurier University
Organometallics | Year: 2013

The M06-L/TZVP/TZVPFit method was tested on representative transformations of organometallic chemistry comprising ligand elimination/displacement, addition and oxidative addition, cleavage of a chloride-bridged dimer, aldehyde decarbonylation, and η2-olefin/carbene isomerism. The calculations involved 4d and 5d metals with η2-CH, η2-H2, hydride, chloride, CO, pyridine, η2-C2H4, η2-C 2Ph2, ammonia, phosphines, and carbene ligands. The calculations of this work gave the largest error of 1.9 kcal/mol, with the differences between the theory and experiment being within ≤1 kcal/mol in most cases. © 2013 American Chemical Society.


This paper poses theoretical and empirical questions to the resurgent litera-ture on primitive accumulation in critical political economy. The first section outlines the different understandings of capitalism, and of its relationship to primitive accumulation, in the literature, and argues that they complicate efforts to identify instances of primitive accumulation. The second section examines the history of frontier agricultural expansion in Southeast Asia to critique the literature's assumptions about who carries out, and who resists, primitive accumulation. The third section draws on work on Southeast Asian political economy to show that the literature pays insufficient attention to the institutions that govern capitalist social relations. The paper argues that these questions of agency, governance, and the nature of capitalism need to be answered in order to make effective use of the concept of primitive accumulation and to distinguish it from cognate concepts like enclosure and commodification. © 2012 The Author. Antipode © 2012 Antipode Foundation Ltd.


Health worker migration theories have tended to focus on labour market conditions as principal push or pull factors. The role of education systems in producing internationally oriented health workers has been less explored. In place of the traditional conceptual approaches to understanding health worker, especially nurse, migration, I advocate global political economy (GPE) as a perspective that can highlight how educational investment and global migration tendencies are increasing interlinked. The Indian case illustrates the globally oriented nature of health care training, and informs a broader understanding of both the process of health worker migration, and how it reflects wider marketization tendencies evident in India's education and health systems. The Indian case also demonstrates how the global orientation of education systems in source regions is increasingly central to comprehending the place of health workers in the global and Asian rise in migration. The paper concludes that Indian corporate health care training systems are increasingly aligned with the production of professionals orientated to globally integrated health human resource labour markets, and our conceptual analysis of such processes must effectively reflect these tendencies. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Levkoe C.Z.,Wilfrid Laurier University
Journal of Peasant Studies | Year: 2014

In the Global North, there has been increasing analysis of the ways that alternative food initiatives (AFIs) are developing viable, place-based solutions that challenge the corporate-led industrial food system; however, there has been little study of the interrelationships among them. In an effort to better understand the possibilities for food system transformation, this paper builds on existing studies to investigate the increasing collaborations among AFIs occurring through provincial food networks in Canada. I pay particular attention to the attempts to foster and maintain these networks by exploring the history of collaboration since the late 1970s and the development of provincial networking organizations (PNOs) as central to this process. Contrary to assumptions that AFIs act in isolation, I demonstrate that they are part of actual and existing mobilizations through robust social movement networks. Together, these collaborative efforts may be illustrative of a new wave in food activism that is represented by the emergence of a multi-scaled and cross-sectoral 'food movement' - a network of networks. © 2014 Taylor & Francis.


This feature article studies different areas related to phospholipid/protein conjugated nanoparticles ranging from their basic synthetic strategies of shape-directed morphologies to their applications in biodegradable materials and nanotoxicology. Present research and future directions toward environmental impact, nanotoxicology, and protein misfolding diseases have been discussed. Phosphilipids, especially anionic ones, and water-soluble proteins show the significant shape-directing ability of both noble and semiconductor nanoparticles under different circumstances. Protein-nanoparticle composites exhibit the unique behavior of seeding, fibrillation, and self-association with possible relevance to amyloidosis or protein misfolding diseases and on the other hand to the synthesis of biodegradable protein films with potential environmental impact. Metal nanoparticles as model air pollutants with a strong tendency for pulmonary surfactants further help us to understand their potential threat to the human respiratory system in relation to nanotoxicology. © 2011 American Chemical Society.

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