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Padhye S.M.,Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society | Dumont H.J.,Jinan University | Dumont H.J.,Ghent University
Journal of Limnology | Year: 2014

We assessed the species richness of Cladocera of the Western Ghats and surrounding areas of Maharashtra and Goa. Data of 230 samples from about 80 localities collected between 2009 and 2013 revealed 51 species in six families. Non-parametric estimators of species richness, Chao 2 and Jackknife 2, estimated the real total at 58 and 63 species, suggesting a coverage of 80% of the total species of the area. This fauna was compared with that of other countries from the Oriental region and found to be relatively species-poor, which is not in line with the biodiversity rich area status of the Western Ghats. Reasons for this are unclear. Complementarity among the cladoceran faunas of different countries belonging to the Oriental region increased with latitude and altitude. Along with the complementarity index, a comparison of family and generic occurrences of Cladocera revealed that family-level representation was similar between countries but species occurrences (like Daphnia species) varied. The subgenus Daphnia was reported only from Nepal while Ctenodaphnia was common in all countries of the Indian region. Biogeographically, the fauna was mainly composed of wide-ranging tropical species, mixed with some rare Palaearctic elements. Only two species were endemic to India. Of another one, the closest relative lives in Yucatan, Mexico, and thus has a tropical Amphi-Pacific distribution. © 2015 Cladocera of the northern Western Ghats, India Allrights received. Source

Sameer P.,Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society | Sameer P.,Commerce and Science College | Hemant V.G.,Post graduate Research Center
Zootaxa | Year: 2016

We describe a new species of Leptestheria from a rock pool in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, India. This species is distinguished from all other Indian congeners by its distinct telson characters and occipital condyle. We also present a comparative table of useful morphological characters of all described Indian Leptestheria species. Copyright © 2016 Magnolia Press. Source

Siliwal M.,Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society | Kananbala A.,Entomology Research Laboratory | Bhubaneshwari M.,Entomology Research Laboratory | Raven R.,Queensland Museum
Journal of Arachnology | Year: 2015

Two new species of the genus Conothele Thorell 1878 of the trapdoor spider family Ctenizidae are described from India: Conothele giganticus, sp. nov. is described from the Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary, Mizoram in northeast India and C. khunthokhanbi sp. nov. is described from Manipur in northeast India. Like other known Indian Conothele species, these spiders are also strictly ground burrowing. Additional information on habitat and natural history is provided for both species. Source

Padhye S.M.,Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society | Dumont H.J.,Ghent University | Dumont H.J.,Jinan University
Zootaxa | Year: 2014

We describe and figure Moina hemanti sp. nov. from ephemeral pools on the campus of Pune University, India. Although the pools flood during the monsoon, the moinid only appears irregularly and for a short period of time. In morphology, it is extremely close to Moina dumonti from Mexico and Cuba. This geographic gap remains unexplained for the time being, although more similar cases among cladocerans are on record. Molecular analysis has suggested that M. hemanti is relatively close to Moinodaphnia, and might form a genus in its own right, presumably together with M. dumonti. The latter, however, remains to be analyzed. Further candidates for this clade are Moina oryzae and M. rostrata, if the presence of an ocellus and/or a rostrum can be shown to be apomorphies. Copyright © 2014 Magnolia Press. Source

Padhye S.,Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society | Padhye S.,University of Pune | Rabet N.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Ghate H.,Modern College
Zootaxa | Year: 2015

An updated inventory of large branchiopods of the Western Maharashtra state, India is presented for the first time. Employing current identification keys, we have detailed the egg morphology of Eulimnadia indocylindrova, which shares some similarities with E. geayi from South America and E. alluaudi from Madagascar, based on these egg characters. A thorough re-description of few morphological traits of the same species is also presented. We also have described the female of a Cyzicus species seen rarely from the studied region. Distributional comments on few species are also reported. Copyright © 2015 Magnolia Press. Source

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