Wichita CCOP

Wichita, KS, United States

Wichita CCOP

Wichita, KS, United States
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Barton D.L.,Rochester College | Wos E.J.,Medcenter One Health System | Qin R.,Rochester College | Mattar B.I.,Wichita CCOP | And 10 more authors.
Supportive Care in Cancer | Year: 2011

Background Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a troublesome chronic symptom that has no proven pharmacologic treatment. The purpose of this double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial was to evaluate a novel compounded topical gel for this problem. Methods Patients with CIPN were randomized to baclofen 10 mg, amitriptyline HCL 40 mg, and ketamine 20 mg in a pluronic lecithin organogel (BAK-PLO) versus placebo (PLO) to determine its effect on numbness, tingling, pain, and function. The primary endpoint was the baseline-adjusted sensory subscale of the EORTC QLQ-CIPN20, at 4 weeks. Results Data in 208 patients reveal a trend for improvement that is greater in the BAK-PLO arm over placebo in both the sensory (p=0.053) and motor subscales (p=0.021). The greatest improvements were related to the symptoms of tingling, cramping, and shooting/burning pain in the hands as well as difficulty in holding a pen. There were no undesirable toxicities associated with the BAK-PLO and no evidence of systemic toxicity. Conclusion Topical treatment with BAK-PLO appears to somewhat improve symptoms of CIPN. This topical gel was well tolerated, without evident systemic toxicity. Further research is needed with increased doses to better clarify the clinical role of this treatment in CIPN. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

Kirshner J.J.,Hematology Oncology Associates of Central New York | Heckler C.E.,University of Rochester | Janelsins M.C.,University of Rochester | Dakhil S.R.,Wichita CCOP | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2012

Purpose: Pegfilgrastim-induced bone pain is a significant clinical problem that may result in discontinuation of pegfilgrastim and lead to less effective chemotherapy dosing. Interventions for pegfilgrastim-induced bone pain are needed. Patients and Methods: The University of Rochester Cancer Center Clinical Community Oncology Program Research Base randomly assigned 510 patients at 17 sites to receive either naproxen (500 mg two times per day) or placebo on the day of pegfilgrastim administration, continuing for 5 to 8 days after pegfilgrastim. Patients recorded pain severity (using a scale of 0 to 10) and duration in daily diaries. The primary outcome measure was the area under the curve (AUC) for pain for days 1 through 5. Secondary outcome measures included the identification of risk factors for the development of pain and response to naproxen. Results Patients' mean age was 55.6 years and 86% were female. Sixty-eight percent of patients had breast cancer and 10% had lung cancer. Pain reached its peak at 3 days for both groups. The mean AUC for pain was 7.71 for the placebo group and 6.04 for the naproxen group (P = .037). Naproxen reduced maximum pain from 3.40 to 2.59 (P = .005). Naproxen also reduced overall pain incidence from 71.3% to 61.1% (P = .020) and duration from 2.40 to 1.92 days (P = .009). The reduction in severe pain (> 5 on a scale of 1 to 10) from 27.0% to 19.2% was also significant (P = .048). Risk factors could not be identified to predict incidence, severity, or ability to prevent pegfilgrastiminduced bone pain. Conclusion: Our phase III randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial demonstrated that naproxen at a dose of 500 mg twice per day is effective in reducing the incidence and severity of pegfilgrastim-induced bone pain. © 2012 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.

Purnell J.Q.,Washington University in St. Louis | Palesh O.G.,University of Rochester | Heckler C.E.,University of Rochester | Adams M.J.,University of Rochester | And 8 more authors.
Supportive Care in Cancer | Year: 2011

Introduction African American men have the highest rates of prostate cancer of any racial group, but very little is known about the psychological functioning of African American men in response to prostate cancer diagnosis and treatment. Purpose In this secondary analysis of a national trial testing a psychological intervention for prostate cancer patients, we report on the traumatic stress symptoms of African American and non-African American men. Methods This analysis includes 317 men (African American: n=30, 9%; non-African American: n=287, 91%) who were enrolled in the intervention trial, which included 12 weeks of group psychotherapy and 24 months of follow-up. Using mixed model analysis, total score on the Impact of Events Scale (IES) and its Intrusion and Avoidance subscales were examined to determine mean differences in traumatic stress across all time points (0, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months). In an additional analysis, relevant psychosocial, demographic, and clinical variables were added to the model. Results Results showed significantly higher levels of traumatic stress for African American men compared to non-African American men in all models independently of the intervention arm, demographics, and relevant clinical variables. African Americans also had a consistently higher prevalence of clinically significant traumatic stress symptoms (defined as IES total score ≥27). These elevations remained across all time points over 24 months. Conclusions This is the first study to showa racial disparity in traumatic stress specifically as an aspect of overall psychological adjustment to prostate cancer. Recommendations are made for appropriate assessment, referral, and treatment of psychological distress in this vulnerable population. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

PubMed | University of Pennsylvania, Rochester General Hospital, University of Rochester, Wichita CCOP and 4 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer | Year: 2016

Cancer-related dyspnea is a common, distressing, and difficult-to-manage symptom in cancer patients, resulting in diminished quality of life and poor prognosis. Buspirone, a non-benzodiazepine anxiolytic which does not suppress respiration and has proven efficacy in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder, has been suggested to relieve the sensation of dyspnea in patients with COPD. The main objective of our study was to evaluate whether buspirone alleviates dyspnea in cancer patients.We report on a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of 432 patients (mean age 64, female 51%, lung cancer 62%) from 16 participating Community Clinical Oncology Program (CCOP) sites with grade 2 or higher dyspnea, as assessed by the Modified Medical Research Council Dyspnea Scale. Dyspnea was assessed by the Oxygen Cost Diagram (OCD; higher scores are better) and anxiety by the state subscale of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S; lower scores are better) at baseline and after the 4-week intervention (post-intervention).Mean scores from baseline to post-intervention for buspirone were OCD 8.7 to 9.0 and STAI-S 40.5 to 40.1 and for placebo were OCD 8.4 to 9.3 and STAI-S 40.9 to 38.6 with raw improvements over time on both measures being greater in the placebo group. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) controlling for baseline scores showed no statistically significant difference between groups for OCD (P=0.052) or STAI-S (P=0.062).Buspirone did not result in significant improvement in dyspnea or anxiety in cancer patients. Thus, buspirone should not be recommended as a pharmacological option for dyspnea in cancer patients.

Roscoe J.A.,University of Rochester | Heckler C.E.,University of Rochester | Morrow G.R.,University of Rochester | Mohile S.G.,University of Rochester | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2012

Purpose: We conducted a double-blind randomized clinical trial of the following four regimens for controlling delayed nausea (DN): group 1: palonosetron + dexamethasone on day 1 with prochlorperazine on days 2 and 3; group 2: granisetron + dexamethasone on day 1 with prochlorperazine on days 2 and 3; group 3: aprepitant + palonosetron + dexamethasone on day 1 with aprepitant + dexamethasone on days 2 and 3; and group 4: palonosetron + dexamethasone on day 1 with prochlorperazine + dexamethasone on days 2 and 3. Patients and Methods: Chemotherapy-naive patients received doxorubicin, epirubicin, cisplatin, carboplatin, or oxaliplatin. The primary end point was average nausea assessed four times daily on days 2 and 3. Primary analyses were whether nausea control would be improved by using palonosetron versus granisetron on day 1 (group 1 v group 2); by adding dexamethasone on days 2 and 3 (group 1 v group 4); and by using aprepitant versus prochlorperazine (group 3 v group 4). Statistical significance was set at P = .017. Results: Two hundred thirty-four, 234, 241, and 235 evaluable patients were accrued to groups 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. Adjusted mean differences for the three planned analyses were as follows: palonosetron versus granisetron: -0.01 (95% CI, -0.23 to 0.20; P = .72); adding dexamethasone on days 2 and 3: 0.20 (95% CI, -0.02 to 0.41; P = .01); and using aprepitant versus prochlorperazine: -0.03 (95% CI, -0.24 to 0.19; P = .56). Conclusion: The addition of dexamethasone on days 2 and 3 reduced DN. Palonosetron and granisetron have similar effects on DN. The beneficial effect of adding aprepitant for control of DN was the same as adding prochlorperazine. © 2012 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.

Sanchorawala V.,Boston Medical Center | Hoering A.,Statistical Center | Seldin D.C.,Boston Medical Center | Finn K.T.,Boston Medical Center | And 8 more authors.
Bone Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2013

We designed a trial using two sequential cycles of modified high-dose melphalan at 100 mg/m 2 and autologous SCT (mHDM/SCT) in AL amyloidosis (light-chain amyloidosis, AL), AL with myeloma (ALM) and host-based high-risk myeloma (hM) patients through SWOG-0115. The primary objective was to evaluate OS. From 2004 to 2010, 93 eligible patients were enrolled at 17 centers in the United States (59 with AL, 9 with ALM and 25 with hM). The median OS for patients with AL and ALM was 68 months and 47 months, respectively, and has not been reached for patients with hM. The median PFS for patients with AL and ALM was 38 months and 16 months, respectively, and has not been reached for patients with hM. The treatment-related mortality (TRM) was 12% (11/93) and was observed only in patients with AL after SCT. Grade 3 and higher non-hematologic adverse events were experienced by 81%, 67% and 57% of patients with AL, ALM and hM, respectively, during the first and second HDM/SCT. This experience demonstrates that with careful selection of patients and use of mHDM for SCT in patients with AL, ALM and hM, even in the setting of a multicenter study, OS can be improved with acceptable TRM and morbidity. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.

Petrylak D.P.,Columbia University | Tangen C.M.,Southwest Oncology Group Statistical Center | Van Veldhuizen Jr. P.J.,Kansas City Medical Center | Goodwin J.W.,Ozarks Regional CCOP | And 6 more authors.
BJU International | Year: 2010

Objective: To evaluate the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted agent ZD1839 in patients who failed one previous chemotherapeutic regimen for metastatic transitional cell carcinoma (TCC), and to correlate patterns of response with the expression of EGFR. Patients and Methods: Thirty-one patients with metastatic TCC of the urothelial tract were treated with ZD1839 500 mg oral daily. Patients were required to have a pretreatment biopsy to assess EGF expression. Results: The median progression-free survival was 2 months, with only two patients (6.5%) surviving past 6 months with no disease progression. Thirty patients were evaluable for toxicity; there was grade 4 cerebrovascular ischaemia and an increase in creatinine level. All patients were evaluable for response, with one confirmed partial response (3%; 95% confidence interval, CI, 0-17%) in a patient with pulmonary metastases. All patients have died, and the estimated median (95% CI) survival is 3 (2-7) months. Conclusion:s: ZD1839 is ineffective as a second-line agent for urothelial carcinoma. © 2009 Southwest Oncology Group.

Roy V.,Mayo Clinic Florida | Pockaj B.A.,Mayo Clinic Arizona | Allred J.B.,Mayo Medical School | Apsey H.,Mayo Clinic Arizona | And 4 more authors.
American Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials | Year: 2013

Objective: We conducted a multicenter phase II trial to assess the efficacy and toxicity of docetaxel and carboplatin combination as neoadjuvant therapy for stage II or III breast cancer (BC). Methods: Patients received 75 mg/m 2 of docetaxel and AUC 6 of carboplatin on day 1 followed by pegfilgrastim on day 2, every 14 days for 4 cycles, followed by definitive breast surgery. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients achieving pathologic complete remission (pCR), defined as disappearance of all invasive and in situ tumors in the breast and axilla after chemotherapy. Results: A total of 57 women (median age, 53 y) were enrolled. Thirtyeight (67%) had ER+ , 31 (54%) PR+ , and 6 (11%) HER2 + disease; 9 had triple negative BC (TNBC). Forty-three (75%; 95% confidence interval, 62%-86%) of 57 eligible patients had clinical response (15 clinical complete response, 28 clinical partial response). Nine (16%; 90% confidence interval, 10%-28%) patients achieved pCR. Four of 9 (44%) patients with TNBC achieved pCR. Thrombocytopenia (5%) was the only grade 4 adverse event. The most common grade 3 adverse events were thrombocytopenia (19%), fatigue (12%), and anemia (9%). Conclusions: Four cycles of 2-weekly Docetaxel and Carboplatin are feasible with acceptable toxicity and a pCR rate of 16%. This regimen can be considered for neoadjuvant therapy of BC, particularly for patients not eligible for anthracycline therapy. A high pCR rate of 44% noted in a subset of patients with TNBC is encouraging and needs to be validated in large prospective trials. Copyright © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Chauncey T.R.,University of Washington | Chauncey T.R.,VA Puget Sound Health Care System | Chauncey T.R.,Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center | Gundacker H.,Southwest Oncology Group Statistical Center | And 10 more authors.
British Journal of Haematology | Year: 2010

Attempts to overcome multi-drug resistance in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) have been limited by toxicities. To investigate the effect of reducing peak drug levels, we performed sequential phase II studies using continuous infusion daunorubicin and cytarabine without (AD) and then with ciclosporin (ADC) in older patients with AML. Untreated patients (age 56+ years) received daunorubicin (45 mg/m2 per day for 3 d) and cytarabine (200 mg/m 2 per day for 7 d), both by continuous infusion, without (S0112, 60 patients) and then with (S0301, 50 patients) the addition of ciclosporin. Complete response (CR) rates were 38% on S0112 and 44% on S0301. Fatal induction toxicities occurred in 17% and 12% respectively, arising primarily from infection and haemorrhage. Median overall and relapse-free survival was 7 and 8 months for AD respectively, and 6 and 14 months for ADC. Patients with phenotypic or functional P-glycoprotein had somewhat higher CR rates with ADC than AD, although confidence intervals overlapped. In these sequential trials, continuous infusion AD produced CR rates comparable to those with bolus daunorubicin. The addition of ciclosporin did not cause undue toxicities, produced a similar CR rate, and possibly improved relapse-free survival. Further correlate analyses did not identify a subpopulation specifically benefitting from the addition of ciclosporin. © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Alberts S.R.,Mayo Medical School | Fitch T.R.,Mayo Clinic Arizona | Kim G.P.,Mayo Medical School | Morlan B.W.,Mayo Medical School | And 3 more authors.
American Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials | Year: 2012

Objectives: Vascular endothelial growth factor has been shown to be overexpressed in several studies of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Cediranib is a potent inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor signaling. We assessed the efficacy and toxicity of cediranib in patients with HCC. Methods: Twenty-eight patients with unresectable or metastatic HCC were enrolled in this study. Patients received 45 mg of cediranib orally, once daily, for 28-day cycles. The primary objective of this phase II study was to assess 6-month survival. Secondary objectives were to assess tumor response, time to progression, and toxicity. Results: All 28 patients were evaluable for efficacy outcomes. Twelve patients (42.9%) survived 6 months, 15 (53.6%) died within 6 months, and 1 (3.6%) was lost to follow-up before 6 months. The median overall survival was 5.8 months (95% confidence interval, 3.4-7.3 mo). No patients experienced confirmed response. The median time to progression was 2.8 months (95% confidence interval, 2.3-4.4 mo). Twenty-six patients (93%) experienced a grade 3+ adverse event with the most common adverse event s being fatigue (46%), anorexia (25%), hypertension (21%), and elevated alanine aminotransferase (18%). Conclusions: Owing to the toxicity, cediranib at this dose and schedule is not an effective treatment in patients with unresectable or metastatic HCC. Copyright © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

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