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Le Touquet – Paris-Plage, France

Yang Y.,Telecom ParisTech | Yang Y.,Whist Laboratory | Yang Y.,Technical University of Delft | Bloch I.,Telecom ParisTech | And 5 more authors.
Cognitive Computation | Year: 2016

Keeping a minimal number of channels is essential for designing a portable brain–computer interface system for daily usage. Most existing methods choose key channels based on spatial information without optimization of time segment for classification. This paper proposes a novel subject-specific channel selection method based on a criterion called F score to realize the parameterization of both time segment and channel positions. The F score is a novel simplified measure derived from Fisher’s discriminant analysis for evaluating the discriminative power of a group of features. The experimental results on a standard dataset (BCI competition III dataset IVa) show that our method can efficiently reduce the number of channels (from 118 channels to 9 in average) without a decrease in mean classification accuracy. Compared to two state-of-the-art methods in channel selection, our method leads to comparable or even better classification results with less selected channels. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York

Yang Y.,Telecom ParisTech | Yang Y.,Whist Laboratory | Kyrgyzov O.,Telecom ParisTech | Kyrgyzov O.,Whist Laboratory | And 4 more authors.
ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings | Year: 2013

Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) are systems that record brain signals and then classify them to generate computer commands. Keeping a minimal number of channels (electrodes) is essential for developing portable BCIs. Unlike existing methods choosing channels without optimization of time segment for classification, this work proposes a novel subject-specific channel selection method based on a criterion derived from Fisher's discriminant analysis to realize the parametrization of both time segment and channel positions. The experimental results show that the method can efficiently reduce the number of channels (from 118 channels to no more than 11), and shorten the training time, without a significant decrease of classification accuracy on a standard dataset. © 2013 IEEE.

Yang Y.,Telecom ParisTech | Yang Y.,Whist Laboratory | Chevallier S.,University of Versailles | Wiart J.,Orange S.A. | And 3 more authors.
Eurasip Journal on Advances in Signal Processing | Year: 2014

To enforce a widespread use of efficient and easy to use brain-computer interfaces (BCIs), the inter-subject robustness should be increased and the number of electrodes should be reduced. These two key issues are addressed in this contribution, proposing a novel method to identify subject-specific time-frequency characteristics with a minimal number of electrodes. In this method, two alternative criteria, time-frequency discrimination factor (TFDF) and F score, are proposed to evaluate the discriminative power of time-frequency regions. Distinct from classical measures (e.g., Fisher criterion, r 2 coefficient), the TFDF is based on the neurophysiologic phenomena, on which the motor imagery BCI paradigm relies, rather than only from statistics. F score is based on the popular Fisher's discriminant and purely data driven; however, it differs from traditional measures since it provides a simple and effective measure for quantifying the discriminative power of a multi-dimensional feature vector. The proposed method is tested on BCI competition IV datasets IIa and IIb for discriminating right and left hand motor imagery. Compared to state-of-the-art methods, our method based on both criteria led to comparable or even better classification results, while using fewer electrodes (i.e., only two bipolar channels, C3 and C4). This work indicates that time-frequency optimization can not only improve the classification performance but also contribute to reducing the number of electrodes required in motor imagery BCIs. © 2014 Yang et al.; licensee Springer.

Kersaudy P.,Orange S.A. | Kersaudy P.,Whist Laboratory | Kersaudy P.,University of Marne-la-Vallee | Sudret B.,ETH Zurich | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Computational Physics | Year: 2015

In numerical dosimetry, the recent advances in high performance computing led to a strong reduction of the required computational time to assess the specific absorption rate (SAR) characterizing the human exposure to electromagnetic waves. However, this procedure remains time-consuming and a single simulation can request several hours. As a consequence, the influence of uncertain input parameters on the SAR cannot be analyzed using crude Monte Carlo simulation. The solution presented here to perform such an analysis is surrogate modeling. This paper proposes a novel approach to build such a surrogate model from a design of experiments. Considering a sparse representation of the polynomial chaos expansions using least-angle regression as a selection algorithm to retain the most influential polynomials, this paper proposes to use the selected polynomials as regression functions for the universal Kriging model. The leave-one-out cross validation is used to select the optimal number of polynomials in the deterministic part of the Kriging model. The proposed approach, called LARS-Kriging-PC modeling, is applied to three benchmark examples and then to a full-scale metamodeling problem involving the exposure of a numerical fetus model to a femtocell device. The performances of the LARS-Kriging-PC are compared to an ordinary Kriging model and to a classical sparse polynomial chaos expansion. The LARS-Kriging-PC appears to have better performances than the two other approaches. A significant accuracy improvement is observed compared to the ordinary Kriging or to the sparse polynomial chaos depending on the studied case. This approach seems to be an optimal solution between the two other classical approaches. A global sensitivity analysis is finally performed on the LARS-Kriging-PC model of the fetus exposure problem. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.

Dahdouh S.,Telecom ParisTech | Dahdouh S.,Whist Laboratory | Varsier N.,Whist Laboratory | Varsier N.,Orange S.A. | And 8 more authors.
Physics in Medicine and Biology | Year: 2016

Numerical dosimetry studies require the development of accurate numerical 3D models of the human body. This paper proposes a novel method for building 3D heterogeneous young children models combining results obtained from a semi-automatic multi-organ segmentation algorithm and an anatomy deformation method. The data consist of 3D magnetic resonance images, which are first segmented to obtain a set of initial tissues. A deformation procedure guided by the segmentation results is then developed in order to obtain five young children models ranging from the age of 5 to 37 months. By constraining the deformation of an older child model toward a younger one using segmentation results, we assure the anatomical realism of the models. Using the proposed framework, five models, containing thirteen tissues, are built. Three of these models are used in a prospective dosimetry study to analyze young child exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields. The results lean to show the existence of a relationship between age and whole body exposure. The results also highlight the necessity to specifically study and develop measurements of child tissues dielectric properties. © 2016 Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine.

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