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News Article | February 23, 2017

The Community for Accredited Online Schools, a leading resource provider for higher education information, has ranked the best colleges with online programs in the state of Colorado. Among the schools that were ranked, 16 four-year colleges made the list, with University of Denver, Colorado State University Fort Collins, University of Colorado Boulder, University of Northern Colorado and University of Colorado Denver coming in as the top five schools. The state’s top 13 two-year schools were also ranked, with Trinidad State Junior College, Pueblo Community College, Aims Community College, Otero Junior College and Colorado Northwestern Community College taking the top five spots. “Colorado’s schools are becoming increasingly attuned to the needs of nontraditional students,” said Doug Jones, CEO and founder of “The accredited schools on our list accommodate all kinds of schedules with their online programs so that busy students can finish their degrees and receive a top-quality learning experience.” Schools on the “Best” list must meet specific base requirements to be included: each must be institutionally accredited, public or private not-for-profit. Each college was also scored based on more than a dozen additional data points, including student to teacher ratios, graduation rates and financial aid availability. For more details on where each school falls in the rankings and the data and methodology used to determine the lists, visit: Colorado’s Best Online Four-Year Schools for 2017 include the following: Adams State University Colorado Christian University Colorado Mesa University Colorado State University-Fort Collins Colorado State University-Global Campus Colorado State University-Pueblo Johnson & Wales University-Denver Metropolitan State University of Denver Nazarene Bible College Regis University University of Colorado Boulder University of Colorado Colorado Springs University of Colorado Denver University of Denver University of Northern Colorado Western State Colorado University Colorado’s Best Online Two-Year Schools for 2017 include the following: Aims Community College Arapahoe Community College Colorado Northwestern Community College Community College of Aurora Community College of Denver Front Range Community College Lamar Community College Morgan Community College Northeastern Junior College Otero Junior College Pikes Peak Community College Pueblo Community College Trinidad State Junior College About Us: was founded in 2011 to provide students and parents with quality data and information about pursuing an affordable, quality education that has been certified by an accrediting agency. Our community resource materials and tools span topics such as college accreditation, financial aid, opportunities available to veterans, people with disabilities, as well as online learning resources. We feature higher education institutions that have developed online learning programs that include highly trained faculty, new technology and resources, and online support services to help students achieve educational success.

News Article | December 8, 2016

NASHVILLE, Tenn.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Louisiana-Pacific Corporation (LP) (NYSE: LPX) announced today changes to its executive management team. The organizational changes will be effective Jan. 1, 2017. “ These changes are part of our continuous improvement efforts to strengthen our leadership team to benefit from different perspectives, embed market facing experience into the top levels of LP and organize so that we can quickly implement best practices across our company,” Chief Operating Officer Brad Southern said. “ I’m very pleased that Jason, Neil, Mike and Craig are stepping up to new responsibilities and I’m fully confident that they will bring their talents and expertise to these new roles,” Chief Executive Officer Curt Stevens said. “ Brian Luoma has served LP well during his long tenure with the company and we appreciate his contributions to our company’s success. We wish him well in his future endeavors.” Sherman joined LP in 1994, and has held a variety of positions with the company including service as vice president of procurement, logistics and supply management prior to leading the EWP business. He was also the project manager of LP’s successful ERP implementation and has held the director of business development and corporate real estate position for LP. He holds a B.S. in Waste and Waste Water Management from Humboldt State University. Ringblom joined LP in 2004, and was named vice president of OSB sales and marketing in February 2015. In his time with LP he has held a variety of positions, including OSB sales manager, general sales manager for the southeast region and regional sales manager for the eastern half of the U.S. He holds a B.S. in Forest Products Marketing & Business Management from the University of Minnesota. Sims has worked in building products in various sales and marketing capacities since 1984. A former vice president of OSB sales and marketing, Sims was named senior vice president of LP sales and marketing in 2015. He holds a B.A. from Western State Colorado University. Sichling joined LP in 2001, and has led and managed the U.S. field sales team since 2004. He was named vice president in 2015 and is responsible for all field sales efforts in the United States and Canada. He holds a B.A. from State University of New York in Oneonta. Louisiana-Pacific Corporation is a leading manufacturer of quality engineered wood building materials including OSB, structural framing products, and exterior siding for use in residential, industrial and light commercial construction. From manufacturing facilities in the U.S., Canada, Chile and Brazil, LP products are sold to builders and homeowners through building materials distributors and dealers and retail home centers. Founded in 1973, LP is headquartered in Nashville, Tennessee and traded on the New York Stock Exchange under LPX. For more information, visit

News Article | October 29, 2016
Site:, a leading online higher education information and resource provider, is highlighting 25 schools as the Best Online Colleges in Colorado for 2016-2017. Comparing more than a dozen unique cost and quality measures, the following two-year and four-year schools received top marks respectively: Lamar Community College, Colorado Northwestern Community College, Trinidad State Junior College, Northeastern Junior College and Morgan Community College; Colorado Christian University, University of Northern Colorado, University of Colorado – Colorado Springs, Adams State University and Metropolitan State University of Denver. "In 2014 alone, non-residents made up nearly half of all four-year college applicants in Colorado. That shows a growing opportunity for distance and online learning programs in the state,” said Dan Schuessler, CEO and Founder of "We’re highlighting colleges who are going above and beyond to create quality, affordable online programs to accommodate the growing number of students looking to Colorado for higher education resources.” Schools are required to meet specific baseline requirements to make the lists. An institution must hold regional accreditation and be a public or private not-for-profit college or university to qualify. Tuition rates must also fall under specific minimums: two-year schools must offer an in-state tuition rate below $5,000 per year and four-year schools must offer an in-state tuition rate below $25,000 per year. All schools on the Best Online Colleges in Colorado ranking are listed below. For more details on where each ranks and the data and methodology used to determine each school’s score visit the following page: The Best Online Colleges in Colorado (Two-Year) for 2016-2017: The Best Online Colleges in Colorado (Four-Year) for 2016-2017: Colorado Christian University University of Northern Colorado University of Colorado, Colorado Springs Adams State University Metropolitan State University of Denver University of Colorado Denver Colorado State University - Fort Collins Western State Colorado University Nazarene Bible College Colorado Mesa University Colorado State University - Global Campus Colorado State University - Pueblo began in 2011 to provide quality data and information about pursuing an affordable higher education. Our free community resource materials and tools span topics such as financial aid and college savings, opportunities for veterans and people with disabilities, and online learning resources. We feature higher education institutions that have developed online learning environments that include highly trained faculty, new technology and resources, and online support services to help students achieve educational and career success. We have been featured by nearly 1,100 postsecondary institutions and nearly 120 government organizations.

SAN DIEGO, CA--(Marketwired - December 21, 2016) - Are you exercising endlessly but not seeing results? You may be what researchers call a "non-responder"-someone who receives no clear health benefits from a form of exercise that produces significant visible results for most people. The Cooper Institute estimates that 20 to 45 percent of some populations may be impacted by the frustrating, non-responder phenomenon. As part of its mission to get people moving and make a significant impact on the physical-inactivity epidemic, the American Council on Exercise (ACE) commissioned a third-party study, conducted by Western State Colorado University to investigate a more individualized programming approach. The study, recently published in the peer-reviewed Journal of Exercise Research, found that a unique combination of functional fitness, resistance training and cardio workouts eliminates the non-responder phenomenon. "Although there are several credible theories, there's no definitive answer as to why some people don't achieve the desired results of an exercise routine while most others do," says Lance Dalleck, a lead researcher for the study. "What we do know is that the approach we studied is incredibly promising." The study measured the health markers of three groups before and after a 13-week period. A control group was not instructed to not do any formal exercise. The second group was guided through the fitness industry's traditionally recommended routine of cardio and resistance training, while a third group was instructed in using the ACE Integrated Fitness Training® Model. The two latter groups performed the same frequency and duration of training, totaling 150 minutes of exercise per week. The cardiorespiratory training program for traditional exercise group used a heart rate-based model, while those in the ACE Integrated Fitness Training® Model exercised according to their ventilatory threshold. This approach allows for a truly individualized exercise intensity. For the resistance-training component, the traditional group performed a set routine of machine-based exercises at a predetermined "moderate intensity," while those in the ACE Integrated Fitness Training® Model group performed a combination of functional and resistance exercises, the intensity of which progressed according to individual performance. Health markers of the majority of participants in both exercising groups improved, but 35 percent of participants in the traditional exercise group were non-responders, meaning that they failed to show significantly improved markers for health. In contrast, all members of the ACE Integrated Fitness Training® Model group saw important, positive changes in their health. Additionally, this group outperformed the other groups in almost every metric, including VO2 max, muscular fitness and key cardiometabolic risk factors. "This is a major breakthrough for the many people struggling to improve their health through exercise without the results they need," says Dalleck. For more information on this study, please click here. For more information on the ACE Integrated Fitness Training® Model, click here. About ACE: With a mission to get people moving, the nonprofit organization American Council on Exercise (ACE) educates, certifies and represents more than 65,000 currently certified fitness professionals, health coaches and other allied health professionals. ACE advocates for a new intersection of fitness and healthcare, bringing the highly qualified professionals ACE represents into the healthcare continuum so they can contribute to the national solution to physical inactivity and obesity. ACE is the largest certifier in its space and all four of its primary certification programs are accredited by the National Commission for Certifying Agencies (NCCA), the gold standard in the United States for accreditation of certifications that assess professional competence. ACE also plays an important public-service role, conducting and providing science-based research and resources on safe and effective physical activity and sustainable behavior change. For more information, call 800-825-3636 or visit AMERICAN COUNCIL ON EXERCISE, ACE and ACE logos are Registered Trademarks of the American Council on Exercise.

News Article | October 28, 2016

With the recent Conor McGregor scandal (according to * and talks of Cristiane “Cyborg” Justino not being able to make weight (according to *, Sean Wheelock, Ben Askren, and Joe Warren, hosts of LineUp MMA, sat down with Kutting Weight® founder, Dustin Zahursky to discuss the issues of weight cutting and performance enhancement in the world of Mixed Martial Arts. LineUp MMA is one of the leading podcasts in the MMA industry, talking with guests such as Randy Couture, Victor Ortiz, and Miesha Tate. LineUp MMA explores a number of topics each week, all related to the world of mixed martial arts. Recently, the hosts focused their attention on two of the most prevalent topics in the sport: the role of weight cutting and performance enhancement. Dustin Zahursky, a national champion wrestler for Lindenwood University and founder of Kutting Weight® sauna suit clothing weighed in on the discussion. With the desire to be the best, many MMA fighters such as McGregor are going to extreme, unsafe, and potentially illegal measures to make weight and improve performance. Recently, Cyborg’s trainer mentioned how she wasn’t close to her fighting weight. Being so close to fight night and so far from a goal weight could be the motivation needed to turn towards these same taboo methods. There is a clear cut difference between proper weight cutting and extreme weight cutting, which is becoming a problem in the MMA industry. “Proper weight cutting will allow a 5% to 10% reduction of bodyweight with no negative side effects,” Zahursky explained. Extreme weight cutting, on the other hand, is dropping 25 to 30 pounds and the consequences include compromised training, dizziness, nausea, and, in worst case scenarios, hospitalization and death. The other issue in the world of MMA is trying to increase performance without stepping into the gray area of the organization’s rules. With the need to outlast an opponent, MMA fighters are looking for the fastest and most effective way to increase total fatigue time. The answer to both these issues is a sauna suit. As weight cutting and performance enhancement is central to several sports including wrestling, Zahursky was familiar with proper procedures in the sport. With this knowledge, Zahursky set out to create the alternative to extreme weight cutting. This is where the Kutting Weight® sauna suit clothing was born. The sauna suit clothing offers athletes a safe way to effectively cut weight and improve total fatigue time. Dr. Lance Dalleck and his team at Western State Colorado University conducted the studies on the Kutting Weight sauna suit clothing and determined that it was an ideal and safe method for weight cutting, fat loss, endurance enhancement, and cardiovascular health. The results showed metabolic rates to be elevated by 20% while wearing the sauna suit clothing and even after removing it. Subjects also saw an overall greater weight loss of up to 40%. Most importantly, endurance levels were increased up to 61.7%. From these studies, one can see just how safe and effective this method of weight cutting and performance enhancement can be. If top tier fighters are looking for a way to make weight and outlast an opponent without breaking rules, this is it. Zahursky asks that when using the sauna suit clothing to treat it as any other fitness tool. It’s important to be educated on maximum heart rate and start out with short sessions. Most importantly, listen to the body. Be cautious of feelings of light headedness or dizziness. To learn more about the Kutting Weight® sauna suit clothing, read about the studies or get more information about the company, please visit Get all of the latest updates in the world of mixed martial arts with LineUp MMA and hosts Ben, Joe, and Sean. Check out the podcast at

Ramos J.S.,University of Queensland | Dalleck L.C.,Western State Colorado University | Tjonna A.E.,Norwegian University of Science and Technology | Beetham K.S.,University of Queensland | Coombes J.S.,University of Queensland
Sports Medicine | Year: 2015

Background: Vascular dysfunction is a precursor to the atherosclerotic cascade, significantly increasing susceptibility to cardiovascular events such as myocardial infarction or stroke. Previous studies have revealed a strong relationship between vascular function and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). Thus, since high-intensity interval training (HIIT) is a potent method of improving CRF, several small randomized trials have investigated the impact on vascular function of HIIT relative to moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT). Objective: The aim of this study was to systematically review the evidence and quantify the impact on vascular function of HIIT compared with MICT. Methods: Three electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, and MEDLINE) were searched (until May 2014) for randomized trials comparing the effect of at least 2 weeks of HIIT and MICT on vascular function. HIIT protocols involved predominantly aerobic exercise at a high intensity, interspersed with active or passive recovery periods. We performed a meta-analysis to compare the mean difference in the change in vascular function assessed via brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) from baseline to post-intervention between HIIT and MICT. The impact of HIIT versus MICT on CRF, traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, and biomarkers associated with vascular function (oxidative stress, inflammation, and insulin resistance) was also reviewed across included studies. Results: Seven randomized trials, including 182 patients, met the eligibility criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. A commonly used HIIT prescription was four intervals of 4 min (4 × 4 HIIT) at 85–95 % of maximum or peak heart rate (HRmax/peak), interspersed with 3 min of active recovery at 60–70 % HRmax/peak, three times per week for 12–16 weeks. Brachial artery FMD improved by 4.31 and 2.15 % following HIIT and MICT, respectively. This resulted in a significant (p < 0.05) mean difference of 2.26 %. HIIT also had a greater tendency than MICT to induce positive effects on secondary outcome measures, including CRF, traditional CVD risk factors, oxidative stress, inflammation, and insulin sensitivity. Conclusion: HIIT is more effective at improving brachial artery vascular function than MICT, perhaps due to its tendency to positively influence CRF, traditional CVD risk factors, oxidative stress, inflammation, and insulin sensitivity. However, the variability in the secondary outcome measures, coupled with the small sample sizes in these studies, limits this finding. Nonetheless, this review suggests that 4 × 4 HIIT, three times per week for at least 12 weeks, is a powerful form of exercise to enhance vascular function. © 2015, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.

Chapin F.S.,University of Alaska Fairbanks | Knapp C.N.,Western State Colorado University
Environmental Science and Policy | Year: 2015

This article identifies opportunities and challenges to using sense of place as motivation for long-term stewardship at multiple spatial scales in a rapidly changing world. Sense of place reflects processes by which individuals or groups identify, attach to, depend on, and modify places, as well as the meanings, values, and feelings that individuals or groups associate with a place. These associations with place are fluid through time as they are felt, imagined, interpreted, and understood. Sense of place appears to most strongly motivate stewardship actions at local scales under circumstances where people value a place for the same reasons, and the conditions of the place are deteriorating. We suggest that well-recognized actions that build place attachment could create a reservoir of potential stewardship, if locally valued places were to deteriorate, as, for example, in response to climate change. Sense of place does not always promote stewardship, however, because attitudes may not lead to actions, some actions do not promote sustainability, and different place identities in the same place may lead to different stewardship goals (e.g., conservation vs. development). In situations where sense of place is deeply contested, we suggest that stewardship is best fostered by transparent and respectful dialogue to identify shared values and concerns and negotiate areas of disagreement. As a result of increased human mobility and globalization, individuals interact with many places to satisfy their desires and needs. We suggest that this opens new opportunities to motivate stewardship of types of places at regional, national, and global scales. Approaches such as discourse analysis, boundary concepts, incompletely theorized agreement, and common property theory that explicitly address contested concepts might contribute significantly to fostering sustainability in a rapidly changing and deeply divided world. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Western State Colorado University | Date: 2016-08-26

Clothing, namely, caps, hats, visors, jerseys, shirts, sweatshirts, sweatpants, pants, shorts, sweaters, jackets, socks, scarves, gloves and infant wear. Educational services in a variety of fields in the university context, namely, providing classes and courses at the undergraduate, graduate, and continuing education levels; Entertainment services, namely, arranging, conducting and participating in collegiate athletic and collegiate sports events and competitions as well as live performances by a collegiate marching band; sport camps; summer camps; and providing a website featuring information about education at the university, university athletic programs, ticket information for collegiate athletic events, booster clubs, and camps; all of the foregoing in a university context.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: | Award Amount: 63.60K | Year: 2013

Functional Reactive Programming, or FRP, is a declarative programming paradigm based on two fundamental abstractions: a continuous (functional) modeling of time-varying behaviors, and a discrete (reactive) calculus of user and process interaction. FRP provides a novel and effective approach to solving problems in which there is a combination of both continuous and discrete entities such as found in computer animation, robotics, control systems, GUIs, and interactive multimedia. FRPs broader impact is seen in its adoption by several other research projects, and its use in several applications different from those at Yale. The proposed work will strengthen these existing projects, and further broaden the applicability of FRP. The proposed improvements in implementation will make FRP more suitable for compute-intensive applications, such as interactive 3D graphics and real-time audio processing. It will also benefit the modeling and simulation community, which often uses declarative approaches to specifying and solving problems.

Previous research at Yale helped to establish the foundations of FRP, and demonstrated its utility in several application domains. Despite this preliminary success, more work is needed to make FRP for real. That is, to develop a system that facilitates writing natural and concise descriptions of reactive behaviors, responds well enough to satisfy most common real-time constraints, reifies real-world objects as first-class signal functions, runs efficiently through program optimization and parallel execution on multicore architectures, and has been validated in a real-world application domain, specifically audio signal processing. The proposed research will advance the overall FRP methodology in three areas: Language Design (type system extensions to capture resource constraints, a redesign of the mediation between the discrete and continuous, and a better syntax to capture the essence of FRP); Language Implementation (program optimizations, multicore execution, asynchronous sub-processes); and Validation and Testing (with a focus on real-time audio signal processing).

Agency: NSF | Branch: Continuing grant | Program: | Phase: SEDIMENTARY GEO & PALEOBIOLOGY | Award Amount: 106.29K | Year: 2013

This study will examine isotopic and geochemical records preserved in the laminae of pedogenic carbonate coatings in soils in the Capitol Reef--Boulder Mountain region of the Colorado Plateau. First, the team will check for preservation of stratigraphic order in the laminae of coatings by microscopy, high-resolution X-ray mapping, and Th/U age dating. Coatings that preserve an intact stratigraphy will be micro-sampled for detailed Th/U age transects, stable isotope analysis, and trace element analysis. The team will compare well-dated profiles of stable isotope shifts from coatings collected at various depths below the soil-air interface to reconstruct the timing and magnitude of ecological and climatological changes that occurred over the measured time interval. This study will evaluate the problem of discontinuities in the pendant record which could be related to climate change on orbital time scales. Timing and mechanisms of carbonate formation will be evaluated with in situ soil moisture, respiration, and temperature measurements.

Stable isotope analysis of modern and fossil pedogenic carbonate has advanced the understanding of continental paleoclimatology, as well as documenting worldwide ecological shifts. Most stable isotope studies of pedogenic carbonate have sampled soil carbonate at a fairly coarse resolution; only a few have studied the stable isotope record of soil carbonate coatings of the large clasts within a soil horizon. This work will test thick, well-laminated, pedogenic carbonate coatings for records of a meaningful paleoclimate signal in terms of their stable isotope record (13C/12C and 18O/16O) when coatings preserve an intact stratigraphy. If true, and there is some preliminary Th/U and stable isotope data that supports this, then the worlds deserts may contain a vast and untapped quantitative archive of past continental climactic and ecological variability.

This project is a collaborative effort between the University of Utah and Western State Colorado University. It will enhance education opportunities for both a research institution and an undergraduate institution, and its results will be incorporated into an international course, taught each year at the University of Utah, using stable isotopes as tracers in anthropology, ecology, forensics, geology, hydrology, oceanography, and zoology.

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