Danbury, CT, United States
Danbury, CT, United States

Western Connecticut State University is a public university located in Danbury, Connecticut. Founded in 1903, Western has an arts and science curriculum, a business school, and several professional programs including elementary and secondary education, nursing, music performance, and social work. It is also home to The Jane Goodall Center for Excellence in Environmental Studies. Wikipedia.


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Onafowora O.A.,Susquehanna University | Owoye O.,Western Connecticut State University
Energy Economics | Year: 2014

This paper examines the long-run and the dynamic temporal relationships between economic growth, energy consumption, population density, trade openness, and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in Brazil, China, Egypt, Japan, Mexico, Nigeria, South Korea, and South Africa based on the environment Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis. We employ the ARDL Bounds test to cointegration and CUSUM and CUSUMSQ tests to ensure cointegration and parameter stability. The estimated results show that the inverted U-shaped EKC hypothesis holds in Japan and South Korea. In the other six countries, the long-run relationship between economic growth and CO2 emissions follows an N-shaped trajectory and the estimated turning points are much higher than the sample mean. In addition, the results indicate that energy consumption Granger-causes both CO2 emissions and economic growth in all the countries. Our results are consistent with previous studies that show that there is no unique relationship between energy consumption, population density, economic growth, trade openness, and the environment across countries. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.


Sinkeldam R.W.,University of California at San Diego | Greco N.J.,University of California at San Diego | Greco N.J.,Western Connecticut State University | Tor Y.,University of California at San Diego
Chemical Reviews | Year: 2010

The designing fluorescent probes for the four major families of macromolecular building blocks, lipids, monosaccharides, amino acids, and nucleosides, are studied. In an ideal situation, an emissive analog of any naturally occurring biomolecular building block should closely resemble its natural counterpart and retain the original function. The study revealed that not all applications require the strict imposition of isomorphic design criteria. Furthermore, the different chemical natures of the distinct families of biomolecular building blocks inherently control the possible structural and electronic changes. The heterocyclic nucleobases provide a fertile platform for modifications that easily alter the photophysical characteristics. This also holds true for certain aromatic amino acids. In contrast, turning phospholipids or monosaccharides into emissive analogs requires rather creative and sometimes drastic modifications, with saccharides being viewed as the most limiting in this respect.


Joel W.J.,Western Connecticut State University
SIGGRAPH 2016 - ACM SIGGRAPH 2016 Posters | Year: 2016

In 2009, the ACM/SIGGRAPH Education Committee established an Undergraduate Research Alliance [UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH ALLIANCE] to foster the development of undergraduate research, in computer graphics and interactive techniques, across all related disciplines. Since its inception, the Alliance has hosted sessions at the annual SIGGRAPH conferences to allow educators and other the chance to discuss what they have accomplished and what still needs to be done. If we in the SIGGRAPH community wish to continue to expand the envelope of knowledge, it is necessary that we engage students in the exploration of new ideas as early as possible in their education. The purpose of this poster, therefore, is to present a case study for undergraduate research with the hopes that it spurs others to join in this endeavor. Copyright is held by the owner/author(s).


Connally N.P.,Western Connecticut State University | Yousey-Hindes K.,One Public | Meek J.,One Public
American Journal of Epidemiology | Year: 2013

The selection of controls is an important methodological consideration for case-control studies. Neighborhood-matched control selection is particularly crucial for studies of vector-borne disease, such as Lyme disease, for which risk is intrinsically linked to geographical location. The matching of case-control pairs on neighborhood can help control for variation in ecological risk factors that are tied to geographical location, like vector and host habitat in the peridomestic environment. Random-digit dialing has been used to find neighborhood controls by using the area code and exchange of the case to generate lists of potential control households. An alternative to random-digit dialing is the purchase of residential telephone numbers from a commercial marketing database. This report describes the utility of the InfoUSA.com (InfoGroup, Papillion, Nebraska) commercial marketing database for neighborhood control recruitment in a Lyme disease case-control study in Connecticut during 2005-2007. © 2013 The Author.


Doherty M.E.,Western Connecticut State University | Scannell-Desch E.,Mount Saint Mary College
Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health | Year: 2012

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to describe women's health and hygiene experiences during their deployment to Iraq and Afghanistan during the war years, 2003 through 2010. Methods: A phenomenological method described the essential structures embedded in the women's health and hygiene experiences. Colaizzi's method of data analysis was used to guide the discovery of themes. Interview data were gathered from 24 interviews with military nurses who served in the war zones. Female military nurses were specifically selected for this study because of their insight, awareness, and knowledge base. Results: Seven themes emerged from the data and captured the essence of the women's experiences: 1) bathroom trips and facilities: a walk on the wild side; 2) shower challenges: lack of privacy, water problems, and location issues; 3) menstruation: to suppress or not to suppress; 4) staying clean: a monumental task; 5) various infections: annoying distractions; 6) unintended pregnancies: wartime surprises; and 7) safety issues: enemy attacks and sexual assaults. Discussion: In the current military structure, more women are being deployed to combat zones and will endure the challenges and hardships described in this study. The health and hygiene experiences of deployed women are an important part of their daily lives in combat zones. Educational programs and clinical services need to be tailored to this cadre of women, with focused attention on preparation and anticipatory guidance prior to deployment. Access to health promotion and appropriate clinical services during deployment is critical. Finally, as these women return home as veterans, it is important for all providers to understand the contextual framework of their service and its impact on their lives. © 2012 by the American College of Nurse-Midwives.


Sexual selection and parental investment theory have been used to study mate selection for many years and for much of that time has been applied to humans, with the prediction that humans will follow the general mammalian pattern. One aspect of human mate selection that has received much less attention is that of same sex mate selection. The present study used an analysis of 800 personal advertisements from print and online media to determine the mate selection criteria of four mating groups - males seeking females (MF), females seeking males (FM), males seeking males (MM) and females seeking females (FF). Consistent with results of earlier studies, heterosexual males (MF) in our study preferred significantly younger partners than heterosexual females (FM), offered physical attractiveness significantly less often than FM, sought resources significantly less often than FM and indicated a willingness to make a commitment significantly more often than FM. Homosexual females (FF) differed from heterosexual females by the same four criteria and in the same direction as heterosexual males, in clear contrast to hypotheses suggesting that homosexuals only differ from heterosexuals of the same gender in choice of sexual object. Homosexual males (MM) differed from heterosexual males in only two criteria, both of which exhibited an exaggerated male pattern, possibly because MM are unaffected by the sexual strategies of females; MM sought attractiveness (even) more than MF and offered resources less than MF. Homosexual men, thus, exhibited no evidence of selection on the mate preference characteristics predicted by sexual selection theory. In contrast, the proximate mate selection preferences of female homosexuals were consistent with the assumption that in their case procreation is irrelevant to mate selection. © 2011 BRILL.


Trace levels of oxytetracylcine spiked into commercial milk samples are extracted, cleaned up, and preconcentrated using a C 18 solid-phase extraction column. The extract is then analyzed by a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) instrument equipped with a UV detector and a C18 column (150 mm × 4.6 mm × 3.5 μm). An isocratic mobile phase of 0.010 M oxalic acid/acetonitrile/methanol (in 15/2/2 ratio by volume) is employed with an average elution time of 5 min. The method has been successfully used in an upper-class instrumental analysis laboratory course to determine the concentration of oxytetracycline at 50 μg/g in the spiked milk sample. Students' results show an RSD of 18% and a percent error of -1%. © 2012 American Chemical Society and Division of Chemical Education, Inc.


Flanagan R.,Western Connecticut State University
Cognitive Processing | Year: 2013

Online learning tools and course materials have not only taken root: they are fully established and thriving. However, some wonder whether the missing interaction with physical, rather than virtual, tools may be undermining the foundation of more abstract spatial and cognitive skills. Sixty third-grade (28 male and 32 female) children with a mean age of 8.95 years (SD =.56 years) were randomly assigned to practice new math skills on a physical wooden Chinese abacus or a virtual Chinese abacus, programmed using Hypercard. Later; the children did equally well on a paper and pencil recognition test, but the children who had practiced with the virtual Chinese abacus were significantly worse at building on their knowledge to figure out how to use the abacus for more advanced computation than those who had practiced with the wooden Chinese abacus. This could have important implications for the early development of the foundation of mathematical, spatial, and cognitive skills. © 2013 Marta Olivetti Belardinelli and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Nugent P.D.,Western Connecticut State University
10th Annual International Systems Conference, SysCon 2016 - Proceedings | Year: 2016

Uncertainty is a theoretical concept that undergirds much of organizational theory and engineering theory. This paper analyzes systems engineering peer review data obtained from a large defense contracting company to better understand the gaps between theory and practice with respect to uncertainty. Preliminary results reveal that in practice uncertainty plays critical roles with respect to language and system ontology that heretofore have been neglected or underrepresented in theory. © 2016 IEEE.


In this experiment, students learn how to find the unknown concentration of sodium acetate using both the graphical treatment of standard addition and the standard addition equation. In the graphical treatment of standard addition, the peak area of the methyl peak in each of the sodium acetate standard solutions is found by integration using proton NMR. Using the calibration curve of the peak areas of the methyl protons of sodium acetate versus the concentration of the sodium acetate solutions, the concentration of the unknown is determined through extrapolation to the x axis. In a separate experiment, the unknown concentration of sodium acetate is found using the standard addition equation. In this case, the methyl peak areas in the unknown sodium acetate solution and the unknown sodium acetate spiked with a standard are obtained using proton NMR. The standard addition equation is then used to find the concentration of the unknown. This experiment has been successfully used in the undergraduate analytical lab and students have learned the method of standard addition to find unknown concentrations of sodium acetate in the millimolar range. It has also given them the opportunity to have hands-on experience using NMR spectroscopy as a quantitative tool. © 2012 The American Chemical Society and Division of Chemical Education, Inc.

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