Institute, WV, United States
Institute, WV, United States

West Virginia State University is a historically black public university in Institute, West Virginia, United States. In the Charleston-metro area, the school is usually referred to simply as "State" or "West Virginia State". It is one of the original 1890 Land-Grant colleges and the smallest land-grant institution in the country. The University is a member-school of Thurgood Marshall College Fund. Wikipedia.

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News Article | October 29, 2016

Carl E. Moyler’s new book, On Freedom and Revolt: A Comparative Investigation, ($18.49, paperback, 9781498435208; $9.99, e-book, 9781498435215) compares the writings and thoughts of two Nobel Prize winners – Albert Camus and Martin Luther King, Jr. – concerning tyranny, injustice, war, racism, poverty, exploitation and war as these oppress the peace and welfare of people. Moyler shows how these two leaders from different cultural and racial backgrounds, possibly unknown to one another – one a humanitarian agnostic and the other a seminary trained preacher – find common ground in addressing the critical issues of their time – many of the same issues being faced by some societies today. As Moyler uncovers in his riveting investigation, Camus and King were born, reared and lived as personal witnesses to many deplorable and unfair issues in society. He reveals how neither man was willing to stand in the face of those issues and do nothing. Therefore their response, based on their calling, was a revolt for freedom. This book will prove why today, they are both among the heroes who are well remembered around the world. “I hope readers will take away the thoughts, actions, and means that could bring about what both men identified as a world community of hope and caring and being ‘my brother’s keeper,’” states the author. Carl E. Moyler was born in Newport News, Virginia – one of eight children. He currently resides in Dayton, Ohio. He was a graduate of West Virginia State University in 1954 with a major in foreign languages. He holds a Masters degree in French from Case Wester Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio. He holds a Ph.D. Comparative Literature from the Union Institute/University in Cincinnati, Ohio. He was a high school teacher of foreign languages, and a professor and an administrator at Urbana University and Wilberforce University. He is also a small business founder and president/CEO. Xulon Press, a division of Salem Media Group, is the world’s largest Christian self-publisher, with more than 15,000 titles published to date. Retailers may order On Freedom and Revolt: A Comparative Investigation through Ingram Book Company and/or Spring Arbor Book Distributors. The book is available online through,, and

Hass A.,U.S. Department of Agriculture | Hass A.,West Virginia State University | Fine P.,Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences
Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology | Year: 2010

The authors review selected protocols of sequential selective extraction procedure that are used to characterize the geochemical distribution of heavy metals in soils, wastes, and sediments. They discuss the development of earlier protocols, their modifications, and the extent to which a given protocol pertains to different conditions. Emphasis is given to the considerations that led to a choice of reagents for each step and to their order in the sequence. Published studies are used as case studies to critically evaluate the implied geochemical components of operationally defined extraction steps. Also assessed are possible effects of subsequent extraction steps and conditions on the selective dissolution of the solid components and their operational definitions. Copyright © 2010 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Niu L.,West Virginia State University
WIT Transactions on Engineering Sciences | Year: 2014

In this paper, we study the energy reduction problem for soft real-time systems with window-constraints. Specifically, we proposed novel DVFS scheduling algorithms to schedule the jobs selectively according the run-time environment with the purpose of reducing energy consumption while meeting the windowconstraints. The effectiveness of our newly proposed approach were verified with experiments. © 2014 WIT Press.

Eya J.C.,West Virginia State University | Ashame M.F.,West Virginia State University | Pomeroy C.F.,West Virginia State University
Aquaculture | Year: 2011

A 2 × 4 factorial experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of commercial diets (40/10 or 45/19% protein/fat, Melick Aquafeed, Inc.) and rainbow trout families (designated as 076, 254, 256 or 257) on the performance, mitochondrial gene expression, and mitochondrial respiratory chain enzyme activities in the liver, muscle and intestine. Four families of rainbow trout (average weight. = 100, 97, 82 and 72. g for 076, 254, 256 and 257, respectively) were stocked into twenty four 152-L aquaria at a density of 10 fish/aquarium. Three aquaria were used for each treatment. Fish were fed twice daily to apparent satiation for 16. weeks. Results indicated that family type had significant (P < 0.05) main effects on weight gain, feed consumption, feed efficiency and specific growth rate. Diet composition had no significant (P > 0.05) main effect on weight gain, absolute feed consumption, feed efficiency, specific growth rate, and condition factor, regardless of the family type. There was no significant (P > 0.05) interaction between family and diet composition for weight gain, feed consumption, feed efficiency, specific growth rate, and condition factor. Family with the least weight gain and feed effciency had significantly (P < 0.05) low nutrient utilization efficiencies in terms of protein efficiency ratio, protein productive value, energy efficiency ratio, energy productive value, and lipid productive value. There were variations in the expression levels of some mitochondrial encoded genes and mitochondrial complex enzyme activities in different tissues. Family and diet caused significant down-regulation of complex I gene (ND1) in the liver and its up-regulation in the intestine and muscle tissues. Generally, family with high feed efficiency and better nutrient utilization had higher numerical values for respiratory chain enzyme activities, down-regulation of hepatic complex I ND1 gene and its up-regulation in the intestine and muscle compared to the low feed efficiency family. The mitochondrial respiratory chain complex activity was significantly affected by family and diets in the liver, and muscle for complex I; liver and intestine for complex II; liver, intestine and muscle for complex III; liver and muscle for complex IV. Regardless of family, fish fed diet containing 45% protein and 19% fat had significantly higher (P < 0.0001 to P = 0.0426) levels of activities in the liver and muscle for complex I, intestine for complex II, muscle for complex III, and liver for complex IV. These data demonstrate that family 257of rainbow trout appears to possess superior traits in growth performance compared with the family 256. Our data indicate that genetic factor has important impact on rainbow trout production and that a commercial diet containing 40% dietary protein and 10% dietary fat is as good as diet with higher protein and fat levels for enhanced growth performance, gene expression, and mitochondrial enzyme activities. © 2011.

Eight species of Pachybrachis Chevrolat have been found to be endemic to Florida: Pachybrachis archboldi Barney, new species; Pachybrachis clarki Barney, new species; Pachybrachis conformis Suffrian; Pachybrachis deyrupi Barney, new species; Pachybrachis discoideus Bowditch; Pachybrachis illectus Fall; Pachybrachis osceola Fall; and Pachybrachis rileyi Barney, new species. Types were examined for the previously named species and aedeagi illustrated for the first time. A description, figure, and range map is presented for each species.

Schedl A.,West Virginia State University
Journal of Geology | Year: 2015

Distal ejecta from meteorite impacts are rare and hard to spot in the field because of their thinness (<1 m). This article suggests looking for distal ejecta in association with larger sedimentary structures, seismites, slope failure features (slumps, turbidites, and submarine landslides), and offshore tsunamites (water depths ≥25 m) in former epeiric seas. Distal ejecta tend to overlie seismites and slope failure features because seismic waves travel faster than ejecta. In epeiric seas, impact-generated tsunamis travel slower (25–85 m/s) than ejecta, so the tsunamis rework ejecta deposits. However, if a tsunami moves ‘from shallow to deeper water, then it buries the ejecta deposit, preserving it, as observed for Acraman. Impact-generated offshore-tsunami deposits (≥25 m water depths) are potentially distinct from those generated by cratonic earthquakes. The impact tsunamis can transport >5-mm-diameter sediments and produce high-flow-regime bedforms, megaripples, dunes, upper-plane beds, and possibly antidunes, whereas earthquake tsunamis cannot produce these features in an offshore environment. The last section of the article discusses the relationship of the physical character of the ejecta (thickness, accretionary lapilli diameter, and maximum grain size of shocked quartz) and distance to and size of impact. This information could be used (1) to link a particular ejecta layer to a particular crater, (2) to put constraints on where to look for a crater associated with a particular ejecta layer (Alamo, 250–325 km from the center of the crater; Stac Fada, 225–300 km from the center of the crater), and (3) to provide constraints on the size of a crater, which may have been destroyed by erosion and tectonics (Alamo, 40–70 km diameter; Stac Fada, 80–150 km). © 2015 by The University of Chicago.

The othonus species-group of Nearctic Pachybrachis Chevrolat, 1836 is defined and revised. The group is composed of five species, including one described as a new species: Pachybrachis nigricornis (Say), Pachybrachis othonus (Say), Pachybrachis pallidipennis Suffrian, Pachybrachis praeclarus Weise, and Pachybrachis armbrusti Barney, new species. Subspecies designations for P. nigricornis and P. othonus are eliminated. Pachybrachis othonus sioux Balsbaugh and Pachybrachys litigiosus Suffrian are synonymized with P. othonus (Say) (new synonymy), and P. othonus pallidipennis Suffrian is elevated to species rank (new status). Pachybrachis nigricornis autolycus Fall, Pachybrachis nigricornis carbonarius Haldeman, Pachybrachis nigricornis difficilis Fall, Pachybrachis nigricornis nigricornis (Say), Pachybrachis autolycus janus Fall, and Pachybrachis autolycus wahsatchensis Fall are all synonymized with P. nigricornis (Say) (new synonymies). A key to species is given, and a description, figure, and range map is presented for each species.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: HIST BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIV | Award Amount: 299.99K | Year: 2016

The Historically Black Colleges and Universities-Undergraduate Program (HBCU-UP) Research Initiation Awards (RIAs) provide support to STEM junior faculty at HBCUs who are starting to build a research program, as well as for mid-career faculty who may have returned to the faculty ranks after holding an administrative post or who need to redirect and rebuild a research program. Faculty members may pursue research at their home institution, at an NSF-funded Center, at a research intensive institution or at a national laboratory. The RIA projects are expected to help further the faculty members research capability and effectiveness, to improve research and teaching at his or her home institution, and to involve undergraduate students in research experiences. With support from the National Science Foundation, West Virginia State University (WVSU) will conduct research to provide in-depth knowledge on the molecular mechanisms that regulate seed storage compounds, including the identification and characterization of genes that regulate the storage of lipids, starch, and proteins in seeds. This project will strengthen WVSUs plant biosciences research program, ensure student achievement in research, and the creation of a pipeline of graduates who will go on to pursue STEM careers in the plant sciences. In addition, this project will enhance intra-and inter-institutional interdisciplinary research collaborations and provide collaborative mentoring of students.

The objective of this project is to elucidate the mechanisms of action of cupins and their associated gene networks in plant nutrient metabolism and storage pathways using the Arabidopsis model. Specifically, this study aims to: 1) determine whether cupins are required for seed storage compound regulation in Arabidopsis, 2) determine if ectopic expression of cupins in Arabidopsis alters the production of seed compounds and plant physiology and growth, and 3) characterize the transcriptome signature of wild-type and cupin mutant Arabidopsis plants that produce varying levels of seed storage compounds. Findings from this work will determine whether cupins, a previously unidentified network of proteins, are master regulators of seed storage compound metabolism. Cupins may significantly reduce the negative effects of current agricultural practices on the environment, including overuse of arable land and water and increased use of fertilizers and pesticides. This work will be conducted in collaboration with the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. The research and educational activities will advance the academic mission of WVSU.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Continuing grant | Program: | Phase: S-STEM:SCHLR SCI TECH ENG&MATH | Award Amount: 499.25K | Year: 2012

This Type 1A project is working to increase the number of graduates receiving baccalaureate degrees in STEM through focused recruiting, early academic support, and ongoing mentoring and student engagement. These activities build on existing support structures at the university and adapt effective practices from other universities to increase STEM enrollment and to reduce attrition among first- and second-year students. The recruiting efforts include evidence-based practices for non-traditional recruiting of underrepresented minorities through contact with parents, churches, and other community organizations. Early academic support features a five-week credit-bearing residential bridge program to address common deficiencies in mathematics, longitudinal learning communities to establish a system of major-oriented peer support, and peer-led supplemental instruction to improve student performance in key freshman- and sophomore-level introductory courses in the STEM programs. Ongoing mentoring and student engagement build on the universitys prior success in placing students in undergraduate research positions and internships with university faculty and regional STEM-related employers. The STEP to Success Program is expected to increase enrollment of first-time freshmen in STEM majors by 20% and increase year-to-year retention by 10 percentage points, producing 16 additional STEM graduates per year by the end of the award period, including at least 10 per year from groups traditionally underrepresented in STEM. The intellectual merit of this project lies in its goal of establishing a lasting institutional infrastructure to continue its targeted recruiting efforts, early academic support, and provision of opportunities for student participation in research and internships. The project is exercising broader impact by working through an existing network of sister Historically Black Colleges and Universities to disseminate the results and findings of the project and offer training to faculty, administrators, and students at other institutions interested in replicating the approaches the project is finding most effective.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: | Award Amount: 67.55K | Year: 2011

The West Virginia State University (WVSU) Planning Grant for STEM Program Evaluation and Improvement is an 18-month, two phase planning process designed to 1) identify critical areas for improvement within the institutions undergraduate STEM programs and 2) develop an institutional plan for addressing those needs. The planning project represents the most comprehensive review of WVSUs STEM programs in recent years and presents an opportunity to develop a plan to transform the institutions offerings to better prepare students for work and further study in STEM fields. The evaluation phase of the project includes several data gathering activities designed to characterize student and faculty perception of program strengths and weaknesses, characterize program successes and challenges as demonstrated from historical student outcomes, identify previously unrecognized barriers to student retention and success, and compare current programs against benchmarks of success observed in STEM programs at other HBCUs. In addition, the evaluation phase includes an extensive review of regional STEM workforce needs that will inform the planning phase. A report on regional STEM workforce needs and a report on evidence-based approaches for improving STEM programs will be made available to HBCUs, other institutions, and the public.

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