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Birmingham, United Kingdom

Bornholdt D.,University of Marburg | Atkinson T.P.,Childrens Hospital | Bouadjar B.,CHU of Bab El Oued | Catteau B.,Service de Dermatologie et de Pediatrie | And 19 more authors.
Human Mutation | Year: 2013

Missense mutations affecting membrane-bound transcription factor protease site 2 (MBTPS2) have been associated with Ichthyosis Follicularis with Atrichia and Photophobia (IFAP) syndrome with or without BRESHECK syndrome, with keratosis follicularis spinulosa decalvans, and Olmsted syndrome. This metalloprotease activates, by intramembranous trimming in conjunction with the protease MBTPS1, regulatory factors involved in sterol control of transcription and in cellular stress response. In this study, 11 different MBTPS2 missense mutations detected in patients from 13 unrelated families were correlated with the clinical phenotype, with their effect on cellular growth in media without lipids, and their potential role for sterol control of transcription. Seven variants were novel [c.774C>G (p.I258M); c.758G>C (p.G253A); c.686T>C (p.F229S); c.1427T>C (p.L476S); c.1430A>T (p.D477V); c.1499G>A (p.G500D); c.1538T>C (p.L513P)], four had previously been reported in unrelated sibships [c.261G>A (p.M87I); c.1286G>A (p.R429H); c.1424T>C (p.F475S); c.1523A>G (p.N508S)]. In the enzyme, the mutations cluster in transmembrane domains. Amino-acid exchanges near the active site are more detrimental to functionality of the enzyme and, clinically, associated with more severe phenotypes. In male patients, a genotype-phenotype correlation begins to emerge, linking the site of the mutation in MBTPS2 with the clinical outcome described as IFAP syndrome with or without BRESHECK syndrome, keratosis follicularis spinulosa decalvans, X-linked, Olmsted syndrome, or possibly further X-linked traits with an oculocutaneous component. Missense mutations affecting membrane-bound transcription factor protease site 2 (MBTPS2) cluster in transmembrane domains. Amino-acid exchanges near the active site are more detrimental to functionality of the enzyme and, clinically, associated with more severe phenotypes. In male patients, a genotype-phenotype correlation begins to emerge, linking the site of the mutation in MBTPS2 with the clinical outcome described as IFAP syndrome with or without BRESHECK syndrome, keratosis follicularis spinulosa decalvans, X-linked, or the X-linked form of Olmsted Syndrome. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source


Crompton D.,West Midlands Regional Genetic Service | Rehal P.K.,West Midlands Regional Genetic Service | MacPherson L.,SteelHouse | Foster K.,SteelHouse | And 13 more authors.
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism | Year: 2010

Phospholipase associated neurodegeneration (PLAN) comprises a heterogeneous group of autosomal recessive neurological disorders caused by mutations in the PLA2G6 gene. Direct gene sequencing detects ∼85% mutations in infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy. We report the novel use of multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) analysis to detect novel PLA2G6 duplications and deletions. The identification of such copy number variants (CNVs) expands the PLAN mutation spectrum and may account for up to 12.5% of PLA2G6 mutations. MLPA should thus be employed to detect CNVs of PLA2G6 in patients who show clinical features of PLAN but in whom both disease-causing mutations cannot be identified on routine sequencing. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

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