West German Cancer Center Essen

Essen, Germany

West German Cancer Center Essen

Essen, Germany
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Schwertheim S.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Wein F.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Lennartz K.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Worm K.,University of Duisburg - Essen | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology | Year: 2017

Purpose: The therapy of unresectable advanced thyroid carcinomas shows unfavorable outcome. Constitutive nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation in thyroid carcinomas frequently contributes to therapeutic resistance; the radioiodine therapy often fails due to the loss of differentiated functions in advanced thyroid carcinomas. Curcumin is known for its anticancer properties in a series of cancers, but only few studies have focused on thyroid cancer. Our aim was to evaluate curcumin’s molecular mechanisms and to estimate if curcumin could be a new therapeutic option in advanced thyroid cancer. Methods: Human thyroid cancer cell lines TPC-1 (papillary), FTC-133 (follicular), and BHT-101 (anaplastic) were treated with curcumin. Using real-time PCR analysis, we investigated microRNA (miRNA) and mRNA expression levels. Cell cycle, Annexin V/PI staining, and caspase-3 activity analysis were performed to detect apoptosis. NF-κB p65 activity and cell proliferation were analyzed using appropriate ELISA-based colorimetric assay kits. Results: Treatment with 50 μM curcumin significantly increased the mRNA expression of the differentiation genes thyroglobulin (TG) and sodium iodide symporter (NIS) in all three cell lines and induced inhibition of cell proliferation, apoptosis, and decrease of NF-κB p65 activity. The miRNA expression analyses showed a significant deregulation of miRNA-200c, -21, -let7c, -26a, and -125b, known to regulate cell differentiation and tumor progression. Curcumin arrested cell growth at the G2/M phase. Conclusions: Curcumin increases the expression of redifferentiation markers and induces G2/M arrest, apoptosis, and downregulation of NF-κB activity in thyroid carcinoma cells. Thus, curcumin appears to be a promising agent to overcome resistance to the conventional cancer therapy. © 2017 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

Sheu S.-Y.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Vogel E.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Worm K.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Grabellus F.,University of Duisburg - Essen | And 3 more authors.
Histopathology | Year: 2010

Aims: To compare the expression pattern of five microRNAs (miRNAs) (146b, -181b, -21, -221, -222) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and hyalinizing trabecular tumour of the thyroid (HTT). Methods and results: The expression pattern of five miRNAs known to be up-regulated in PTC was retrospectively analysed in 18 HTTs, adjacent normal thyroid tissue, 10 PTCs, 10 follicular adenomas and 10 non-toxic multinodular goitres (MNG) by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction using the TaqMan miRNA assay. Furthermore, the two common genetic alterations characteristic for PTC, the V600E mutation of the BRAF gene and RET/PTC 1 and 3 rearrangements, were determined in all HTTs. All miRNAs were significantly up-regulated in PTCs, whereas all miRNAs in HTT, normal thyroid tissue, adenomas, and MNGs were down-regulated. Calculating relative changes in gene expression, a 510-fold change of miRNA 146b between PTC and HTT could be observed followed by fold changes between 6.4 and 29 in the remaining miRNAs (P < 0.001). All HTTs lacked BRAF mutations and RET/PTC rearrangements. Conclusions: Our findings do not support the concept that a high proportion of HTT represents a variant of PTC. It is suggested that HTTs lacking both a miRNA expression pattern characteristic for PTC and RET/PTC rearrangements are re-designated as 'hyalinizing trabecular adenomas'. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Limited.

Otterbach F.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Otterbach F.,West German Cancer Center Essen | Callies R.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Adamzik M.,University of Duisburg - Essen | And 7 more authors.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2010

Aquaporin1 (AQP1) is a water channel protein that facilitates water flux across cell membranes. It is widely expressed in epithelial and endothelial cells in several tissues. AQP1 is also associated with angiogenesis, cell migration and metastasis in some human malignancies. In this study the immunohistochemical expression of AQP1 in 203 invasive breast carcinomas with long-term follow up was investigated. AQP1 expression was demonstrated in 11 tumours (5.4%) and showed highly significant correlation with high tumour grade, medullary-like histology, "triple-negativity", cytokeratin 14 and smooth muscle actin expression. In univariate analysis, AQP1 was significantly associated with poor prognosis. In multivariate analysis, AQP1 expression proved to be an independent prognostic marker if stratified by age, tumour size, lymph node status, histological grade, ER status and CMF therapy. Our results strongly suggest that AQP1 expression is a new characteristic feature of a particularly aggressive subgroup of basal-like breast carcinomas. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Sheu S.-Y.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Grabellus F.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Schwertheim S.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Worm K.,University of Duisburg - Essen | And 3 more authors.
British Journal of Cancer | Year: 2010

Background: Recent studies showed a significant upregulation of distinct microRNAs (miRNAs) in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). The objective of this study was to explore whether this upregulation could also be assigned to distinct histomorphological variants of PTC, especially the follicular variant and other encapsulated follicular thyroid tumours. Methods: We used total RNA of 113 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues of 50 PTCs ((10 conventional type (PTC-CT), 10 tall cell variants (PTC-TCVs), 30 follicular variants (PTC-FVs)), 10 follicular adenomas (FAs), 10 multinodular goitres (MNGs), 21 follicular thyroid carcinomas and 22 well-differentiated tumours of unknown malignant potential (WDT-UMP) to analyse the miRNA expression pattern of five selected miRNAs (146b, 181b, 21, 221 and 222) using RT-PCR TaqMan miRNA assay to explore the diagnostic utility of this method. Results: The mean values of the expression pattern of all miRNAS in PTCs show a statistically significant difference from those in MNG and FA with fold changes up to 90 for miRNA 146b, P0.001. No differences in expression pattern could be showed between MNG and FA. The PTC-FVs differ significantly from FA in all five miRNAS, from MNG in three and from WDT-UMP in one miRNA with fold changes between 1.7 and 21.2, but failed to be of diagnostic value regarding individual cases with substantial overlaps. Conclusion: We conclude that analysis of a set of five selected miRNAS distinguish common variants of PTC from FA/MNG but failed to be a useful diagnostic method in individual and doubtful cases, especially in the differential diagnosis of encapsulated follicular thyroid tumours. © 2010 Cancer Research UK. All rights reserved.

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