West Corporation | Date: 2016-11-29
A wearable cardiac defibrillator (WCD) system may include a support structure that a patient can wear, an energy storage module that can store an electrical charge, and a discharge circuit that can discharge the electrical charge through the patient so as to shock him or her, while the patient is wearing the support structure. Embodiments may actively take into account bystanders, both to protect them from an inadvertent shock, and also to enlist their help. In some embodiments the WCD system includes a microphone. The WCD system might be ready to deliver a shock, but may first wait before doing so until it hears from a bystander a preset ready word, such as: CLEAR.
Chattopadhyay T.,West Corporation
IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics | Year: 2012
Conventional digital circuits lose energy because the bits of information are destroyed during the operation. Reversible circuits are currently on the top approaches to power minimization with its application in all-optical-based systems. Fredkin gate is a very common reversible logic gate. In this paper, a modification of the Fredkin gate is proposed. All-optical circuit of this modified Fredkin gate (MFG) is also designed using semiconductor optical amplifier on the Mach-Zehnder interferometer switch. A 16-Boolean logical operational circuit is also shown using this MFG. The main advantage of this scheme is that we can design a 15-Boolean logical function using a single MFG unit. Only one operation (nand) required two MFG units. Hence, complexity of the circuit can be reduced. Also, multivalued T-gate circuit using MFG is proposed. © 2011 IEEE.
West Corporation | Date: 2016-03-16
Embodiments of a Wearable Cardiac Defibrillator (WCD) system include a measurement circuit that can render a physiological input from the patient (82). Such WCD systems may also receive a motion detection input that reveals whether a motion event has been detected by a motion detector. Optionally, a value becomes assigned to a motion level parameter in response to whether a motion event was detected or not, and the rhythm analysis can be based on the physiological input and on the assigned value. Optionally, a rhythm analysis of the physiological input may be performed in different manners, depending on whether or not a motion event has been detected. Optionally, a different shock/no shock criterion may be applied to the rhythm analysis, depending on whether or not a motion event has been detected. The patient (82) may receive an electrical shock (111) according to a shock/no shock determination.
West Corporation | Date: 2016-04-21
In embodiments, a wearable cardiac defibrillator system includes an energy storage module configured to store a charge. Two electrodes can be configured to be applied to respective locations of a patient. One or more reservoirs can store one or more conductive fluids. Respective fluid deploying mechanisms can be configured to cause the fluids to be released from one or more of the reservoirs, which decreases the impedance at the patient location, and decreases discomfort for the patient. In some embodiments an impedance is sensed between the two electrodes, and the stored charge is delivered when the sensed impedance meets a discharge condition. In some embodiments, different fluids are released for different patient treatments. In some embodiments, fluid release is controlled to be in at least two doses, with an intervening pause.
West Corporation | Date: 2016-02-23
Components of wearable cardiac defibrillator (WCD) systems, software, and methods are provided. A WCD system includes a support structure that a patient can wear and electrodes that can capture at least two of the patients ECG signals. A component includes an energy storage module that can store an electrical charge, a discharge circuit, and a processor that can make a shock/no shock determination, and cause the discharge circuit to discharge the stored charge, if the determination is to shock. In some embodiments, the processor discards at least one of the ECG signals prior to making the shock/no shock determination. The determination can be made from the remaining one or more ECG signals. In some embodiments, the processor makes an aggregate shock/no shock determination from two or more of the ECG signals.
West Corporation | Date: 2016-04-13
A wearable cardiac defibrillator (WCD) system may include a support structure that a patient can wear, an energy storage module that can store an electrical charge, and a discharge circuit that can discharge the electrical charge through the patient so as to shock him or her, while the patient is wearing the support structure. Embodiments may actively take into account bystanders, both to protect them from an inadvertent shock, and also to enlist their help. In some embodiments the WCD system includes a microphone that can sense when a bystander speaks a preset delaying word like WAIT or NO, and prevent the discharge.
West Corporation | Date: 2016-06-24
A Wearable Medical System includes a support structure that is configured to be worn by a person. The WMS also includes an electronics module, a cable assembly, and at least one electrode that can be configured to be coupled to the support structure. The cable assembly includes a base member and a cable coupled to the base member. The support structure can be dimensioned relative to the persons body to be worn with tension, and be resiliently stretched under the tension. The stretching of the support structure can stretch the base member of the cable assembly, thus increasing the effective length of the cable, while reducing or even eliminating slack in the cable.
West Corporation | Date: 2016-06-27
A wearable defibrillation system includes an output device and a motion sensor. The output device emits a sound or a vibration for the patient, who responds by deliberately tapping the system. The motion sensor registers the tapping, and interprets it as a reply from the patient. The reply can be that the patient is conscious, or convey data that the patient enters by tapping the right number of times, or that the patient wants attention, and so on. Since the patient does not need direct access to the wearable defibrillation system for tapping it, he or she can wear it under their other garments, which helps preserve their dignity and privacy.
West Corporation | Date: 2016-07-18
A conductive fluid reservoir can be used to dispense conductive fluid to increase electrical connectivity between an electrode of a defibrillator and a patient. The reservoir includes a container that holds the conductive fluid, one or more outlets on the container, and an inflatable pouch located at least partially within the container. The inflatable pouch is capable of being inflated from a deflated state to an inflated state. In the deflated state, a free end of the inflatable pouch covers the one or more outlets. In the inflated state, the free end of the inflatable pouch is removed from the one or more outlets such that the conductive fluid is allowed to flow out of the container via the one or more outlets. Inflating the inflatable pouch causes the conductive fluid to be dispensed from the reservoir.
West Corporation | Date: 2016-05-04
In embodiments, a wearable cardiac defibrillation (WCD) system includes one or more flexible ECG electrodes (159, 459, 559, 659, 759, 859, 959, 1059, 1159, 1459). The WCD system may have a support structure (110, 310) that is configured to be worn by a patient (182, 382) and dimensioned relative to a body of the patient to be worn so as to press the electrodes towards the body of the patient. The electrodes may be made from appropriate material so as to flex in order to match a contour of the body of the patient. An advantage over the prior art is that the flexible electrode may make better electrical contact with the patients skin, and therefore provide a better ECG signal for the WCD system to perform its diagnosis.