Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: ICT-2013.9.9 | Award Amount: 72.73M | Year: 2013
Understanding the human brain is one of the greatest challenges facing 21st century science. If we can rise to the challenge, we can gain profound insights into what makes us human, develop new treatments for brain diseases and build revolutionary new computing technologies. Today, for the first time, modern ICT has brought these goals within sight. The goal of the Human Brain Project, part of the FET Flagship Programme, is to translate this vision into reality, using ICT as a catalyst for a global collaborative effort to understand the human brain and its diseases and ultimately to emulate its computational capabilities. The Human Brain Project will last ten years and will consist of a ramp-up phase (from month 1 to month 36) and subsequent operational phases.\nThis Grant Agreement covers the ramp-up phase. During this phase the strategic goals of the project will be to design, develop and deploy the first versions of six ICT platforms dedicated to Neuroinformatics, Brain Simulation, High Performance Computing, Medical Informatics, Neuromorphic Computing and Neurorobotics, and create a user community of research groups from within and outside the HBP, set up a European Institute for Theoretical Neuroscience, complete a set of pilot projects providing a first demonstration of the scientific value of the platforms and the Institute, develop the scientific and technological capabilities required by future versions of the platforms, implement a policy of Responsible Innovation, and a programme of transdisciplinary education, and develop a framework for collaboration that links the partners under strong scientific leadership and professional project management, providing a coherent European approach and ensuring effective alignment of regional, national and European research and programmes. The project work plan is organized in the form of thirteen subprojects, each dedicated to a specific area of activity.\nA significant part of the budget will be used for competitive calls to complement the collective skills of the Consortium with additional expertise.
Qu L.,Beijing Institute of Technology |
Liu Y.,Wenzhou Medical College |
Baek J.-B.,Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology |
Dai L.,Case Western Reserve University
ACS Nano | Year: 2010
Nitrogen-doped graphene (N-graphene) was synthesized by chemical vapor deposition of methane in the presence of ammonia. The resultant N-graphene was demonstrated to act as a metal-free electrode with a much better electrocatalytic activity, long-term operation stability, and tolerance to crossover effect than platinum for oxygen reduction via a four-electron pathway in alkaline fuel cells. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the use of graphene and its derivatives as metal-free catalysts for oxygen reduction. The important role of N-doping to oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) can be applied to various carbon materials for the development of other metal-free efficient ORR catalysts for fuel cell applications, even new catalytic materials for applications beyond fuel cells. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
Lou Z.C.,Wenzhou Medical College
Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States) | Year: 2012
Objective. To characterize the otoendoscopic features of traumatic tympanic membrane perforations (TMPs) with outward-migrating epithelium at the perforation edges and to evaluate the spontaneous healing outcome of this type of perforation. Study Design. Case series with chart review. Setting. Tertiary university hospital. Materials and Methods. The clinical records of traumatic TMP patients who met the case selection criteria were retrieved and categorized based on the documented migration pathways of the proliferating epithelial cells at the perforation margins into 2 groups: centripetal migration and outward migration. The demographic data and spontaneous healing outcomes (ie, healing rate and time) of these 2 types of TMP were analyzed using the chisquare test or t-test. The otoendoscopic features were characterized. Results. In all, 122 cases were analyzed. During the spontaneous healing process, perforations were associated with centripetal epithelial cell migration in 87 (71.3%) cases and with outward epithelial cell migration in 35 (28.7%) cases. The overall perforation closure rates at the end of 6 months were 97% and 94% for the centripetal and outward migration groups, respectively (P . 0.05). The average perforation closure times were 18.4 6 3.7 and 37.6 6 9.2 days, respectively (P<0.05). Conclusions. Although the outward epithelial migration did not affect the overall perforation spontaneous healing rate, it alone could not close the perforation. The prerequisite for eardrum healing is that the outward epithelium migration pattern evolves into a centripetal migration pattern. Consequently, outward epithelial migration prolonged substantially the time to traumatic eardrum perforation closure. © American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation 2012.
Lou Z.,Wenzhou Medical College
Otology and Neurotology | Year: 2012
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of conservative treatment and fibroblast growth factor (FGF) applied directly or via Gelfoam on the healing of large traumatic tympanic membrane perforations (TMPs) in humans. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled trial. METHODS: A randomized prospective analysis was performed between February 2009 and January 2011 for the treatment of traumatic TMPs in humans that affected greater than 50% of the TM. The closure rate, closure time, hearing gain, and rate of otorrhea were compared among the direct application of FGF, FGF via Gelfoam, and conservative treatment. RESULTS: A total of 94 patients were analyzed. The closure rates of large perforations in the direct FGF application, FGF via Gelfoam, and observation groups were 100%, 97%, and 55%, respectively. FGF-treated groups had significantly improved closure rates compared with the observation group (p < 0.05). However, the closure rate did not differ significantly between patients who received FGF only and those who received FGF via Gelfoam (p > 0.05). FGF-treated groups showed shorter mean closure times compared with the observation group (p < 0.05). However, the closure time did not differ significantly between FGF-treated groups (p > 0.05). All perforations were closed within 2 weeks, regardless of the presence of curled edges in the FGF-treated groups. © 2012 Otology & Neurotology, Inc.
Feng Y.-F.,Wenzhou Medical College
Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery | Year: 2012
A comprehensive literature search of Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Embase was performed to identify relevant prospective randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing biaxial microincision cataract surgery (MICS) and conventional coaxial phacoemulsification. A metaanalysis was performed on the following outcome measures: effective phacoemulsification time (EPT), phacoemulsification power (%), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), surgically induced astigmatism (SIA), laser flare photometry value, percentage of endothelial cell loss, change in central corneal thickness (CCT), and complications. Eleven RCTs describing a total of 1064 eyes were identified. There were no significant differences between the techniques in CDVA, mean percentage of endothelial cell loss, laser flare photometry value, CCT change, and intraoperative and postoperative complications. However, EPT was statistically significantly shorter and the mean phaco power was statistically significantly lower in the biaxial group than in the coaxial group, and biaxial MICS induced less SIA. Financial Disclosure: No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned. © 2012 ASCRS and ESCRS.
Yan W.-H.,Wenzhou Medical College
Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders - Drug Targets | Year: 2011
Human leukocyte antigen G (HLA-G) is a non-classic major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecule that functions as an immune suppressive molecule. HLA-G has direct inhibitory effects on natural killer cells (NK), dendritic cells (DC), T cells and has long-term tolerogenic indirect effects by inducing regulator T cells (Treg). HLA-G has been reported to be involved in various physio-pathological conditions such as reproduction, transplantation, autoimmunity, infectious and malignant diseases. In this context, aberrant expression of HLA-G in malignant diseases including hematological and solid tumors has been extensively investigated and its relevance to clinicoparameters and potential significance in diagnosis, prognosis and immune target therapy has been postulated. We here summarized the HLA-G expression in malignancies and emphasis its clinical relevance to malignant disease diagnosis, prognosis, and its potential in target-based immunotherapy was also discussed. © 2011 Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.
Wenzhou Medical College | Date: 2011-12-21
Methods for inhibiting myopia are disclosed. A method for inhibiting myopia includes reducing a level of an intraocular cAMP in a subject. The level of the intraocular cAMP is reduced by injecting an adenylyl cyclase inhibitor to achieve the inhibition of myopia in the subject. In one method, the adenylyl cyclase inhibitor is SQ22536.
Wenzhou Medical College | Date: 2010-12-07
A cornea center positioning method for excimer laser keratomileusis includes the following steps of establishing a horizontal offset model and a vertical offset model by way of measuring the pupil diameter and offset of the pupil center relative to the center of the corneal vertex under different luminance levels, and inputting data of the established models into a laser keratomileusis machine with an eye tracking system, which can dynamically track the pupil location and keep the ablation center precisely at the center of the corneal vertex.
Wenzhou Medical College | Date: 2013-05-08
The invention relates to a method of inhibiting myopia, which inhibits myopia development by reducing the level of the intraocular cAMP. The method has a good effect on inhibiting myopia development. An adenylyl cyclase inhibitor is also applied for inhibiting myopia in this invention and has a good effect on inhibiting myopia.
Xu H.,Wenzhou Medical College
The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society | Year: 2012
As a minimally invasive spine surgery, percutaneous atlantoaxial fixation techniques using anterior transarticular screw (ATS) and posterior transarticular screw (PTS) have promising clinical results. However, transarticular screw fixation is technically demanding and carries a potential risk of iatrogenic vertebral artery (VA) injury. There were no available data comparing the anatomic risk of VA injury associated with these screws. To evaluate the trajectories of percutaneous atlantoaxial ATS and PTS through three-dimensional (3D) computerized tomography. To compare the anatomic risk of VA injury between percutaneous ATS and PTS. Sixty patients ranged in age from 19 to 75 years (mean, 45.08 years) and included 35 men and 25 women. Image measurement of C2 isthmus height and C2 isthmus width and the distance between the medial-most superior articular facet to the medial-most edge of the VA groove of the C2 (D). Sixty consecutive patients (in total) with lower cervical lesions were evaluated through 3D images reconstructed by a rapid 3D system. The maximum possible diameters of the percutaneous atlantoaxial ATS and PTS trajectories were compared and examined. Mean, range, and standard deviations for each type of screw, for left and right trajectories, and for men and women were calculated from 120 percutaneous atlantoaxial ATS and PTS measurements through SPSS. The maximum mean diameter differed significantly between the trajectories of 120 percutaneous atlantoaxial ATS and PTS. For screw trajectories ≤3.5 mm in diameter, 19.2% of the PTS trajectories were judged as risky, whereas all the anterior ones were judged as safe. From an anatomic perspective, percutaneous ATS fixation poses less anatomic risk of VA injury than percutaneous PTS fixation. As an alternative surgical therapy for atlantoaxial subluxation, percutaneous ATS fixation may play a more important role in the future. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.