Wenzao Ursuline University of Languages
Wenzao Ursuline University of Languages
Lee Y.-H.,Wenzao Ursuline University of Languages
International Journal of Interdisciplinary Environmental Studies | Year: 2016
The research object is the politics of urban nature related to the advocacy process for Meinong's National Nature Park in Kaohsiung. Located in the largest industrial city in Taiwan, Meinong is similar to the city's backyard in which the National Nature Park was fueled by new crises after the anti-dam movement in the 1990s. The politics of urban nature shows how the rural environmental movement encountered contemporary land development in the post-industrial context of Kaohsiung. The National Nature Park in Meinong is caught up in this conjuncture in which contested environmental discourses have been manifested. Local challenges to the exclusive tradition of the national park system from the outset are analyzed for purposes of considering issues concerning land development, co-management, co-option, and ecosystem service. Despite the anti-politics that arose during the debate, I argue that the National Nature Park concept is promising when elaborating an intertwined relationship between conservation and development. The result shows that mainstream nature tourism could be moved beyond, towards environmental justice under the regional planning. This research adopted in-depth interview, participant observation, and critical documental analysis in mapping these different forces and their interpretations related to urban nature. © Common Ground Publishing, Mir Rabiul Islam, Valerie Ingham, John Hicks All Rights Reserved.
Duann R.-F.,Wenzao Ursuline University of Languages |
Huang C.-R.,Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Proceedings of the 30th Pacific Asia Conference on Language, Information and Computation, PACLIC 2016 | Year: 2016
This article, examining the qualia roles retrieved from the metaphorically/ metonymically used body part terms in news texts, addresses the similarities and differences of such uses in Taiwan and China. Analyzing the behavior of xue 'blood' and 'bone', two corporeal terms with relatively high visibilit ENGLies compared with rou 'flesh' and mai 'meridian' (Duann and Huang 2015) in the Chinese Gigaword Version 2 (Huang 2009), this research have the following findings: (1) For the use of xue 'blood', the agentive role predominates in both Taiwan and China, which is not in line with the argument in Duann and Huang (2015). (2) Regarding the use of gu 'bone', the telic role predominates. However, China uses it in personification much more often than Taiwan does. (3) The unique dimension of a place triggers the use exclusive to the place.
Peng H.-W.,National Sun Yat - sen University |
Lee S.-J.,National Sun Yat - sen University |
Lee C.-H.,Wenzao Ursuline University of Languages
Applied Soft Computing Journal | Year: 2017
We propose a neural network architecture based on the oblique elliptical basis function for supervised learning problems. In classification, a category can be a disconnected or non-convex region involving several overlapping or disjoint sub-regions of the feature space. Other existing supervised learning methods may have the restriction that only allows decision regions to be convex. Our proposed method overcomes this restriction by employing a rotational self-constructing clustering algorithm to decompose the feature space into a collection of sub-regions which can then be combined to make up individual categories. An unseen instance is classified to a certain category if its similarity to the category exceeds a threshold. The whole framework fits in a five-layer network consisting of input, component-similarity, cluster-similarity, aggregation, and output layers. A similar idea also applies to solving regression problems. A parameter learning algorithm based on least squares estimation is used to derive the weights of the underlying network. Our approach can offer some advantages in practicality. Through the incorporation of rotation, data can be clustered more appropriately than by standard elliptical basis functions. Also, our approach is applicable to single-label classification, multi-label classification, as well as regression problems. A number of experiments are conducted to show the effectiveness of the proposed approach. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.
Yang S.-B.,Wenzao Ursuline University of Languages
Journal of Electronic Imaging | Year: 2014
The normalized cut (Ncut) method is a popular method for segmenting images and videos. The Ncut method segments an image into two disjoint regions, each segmented by the same method. After the Ncut method has been recursively applied to an image, its final segmented image is obtained. The main drawback of the Ncut method is that a user cannot easily determine the stop criteria because users have no idea about the number of regions in an image. This work proposes the genetic cut (Gcut) algorithm to resolve this shortcoming. Users do need not to specify thresholds in the Gcut algorithm, which automatically segments an image into the proper number of regions. Also, the neighbor-merging (NM) algorithm is proposed for preprocessing the images and improves the performance of the Gcut algorithm. Thus, the proposed Gcut method combines the NM and Gcut algorithms. Furthermore, a heuristic method is proposed to identify a good segment for the Gcut method. In all experiments, the proposed Gcut method outperforms traditional Ncut methods. © 2014 SPIE and IS&T.
Chen Y.-J.,Wenzao Ursuline University of Languages
Educational Technology and Society | Year: 2016
The processes and patterns of strategies used by children when drawing on the computer with friends and acquaintances were investigated in a case study. The participants were five-and-six-year-old children and the study took place in their home settings. The data collection methods consisted of interviews, observations, audio recordings, video recordings, drawing artifacts, and screen capture. The analysis began with the selection of collaborative episodes, followed by the interpretation of those episodes. The findings revealed a striking contrast between the collaboration of friendship pairs and acquaintance pairs. The friendship pairs exhibited a total number of 23 episodes while the acquaintance pairs engaged in only three episodes. The young children in this study used two main collaborative strategies: (1) establishment of the pretend frame and, (2) coherence and elaboration of pretend frames. The acquaintance pairs applied only the strategy of the establishment of pretend frame while collaborative strategies of friendship pairs showed unique path of progression from the establishment to coherence and elaboration of pretend frames. Established, playful relationships (such as friendships) appear to allow children to productively begin experiencing computer activities.
Lee H.-C.,Wenzao Ursuline University of Languages
International Journal of Computer Mathematics | Year: 2014
We implemented weighted least-squares finite element methods for the linearized Navier-Stokes equations based on the velocity–pressure–stress and the velocity–vorticity–pressure formulations. The least-squares functionals involve the L2-norms of the residuals of each equation multiplied by the appropriate weighting functions. The weights included a mass conservation constant, a mesh-dependent weight, a nonlinear weighting function, and Reynolds numbers. A feature of this approach is that the linearized system creates a symmetric and positive-definite linear algebra problem at each Newton iteration. We can prove that least-squares approximations converge with the linearized version solutions of the Navier–Stokes equations at the optimal convergence rate. Model problems considered in this study were the flow past a planar channel and 4-to-1 contraction problems. We presented approximate solutions of the Navier–Stokes problems by solving a sequence of the linearized Navier–Stokes problems arising from Newton iterations, revealing the convergence rates of the proposed schemes, and investigated Reynolds number effects. © 2014, Taylor & Francis.
Liu C.-Y.,Wenzao Ursuline University of Languages |
Yu C.-P.,Tamkang University
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking | Year: 2013
Over the past few decades, the widespread phenomenon of Internet abuse has gained attention from the public, academia, and the media. In a departure from this negative viewpoint, however, researchers and educators have devoted considerable effort in attempting to understand the influence of online communication on people's psychological well-being. This study focuses specifically on Facebook, and proposes a research model to examine the relationships among Facebook use, online social support, general social support, and psychological well-being. Our results show that using Facebook helped college students to obtain online social support, and that online social support is an extension of general social support. However, although general social support contributes to well-being, online social support appears to have little direct effect on well-being. The relationship between online social support and well-being is mediated through the factor of general social support. © Copyright 2013, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2013.
Kao M.-R.,Wenzao Ursuline University of Languages |
Huang C.-Y.,National Sun Yat - sen University
Voluntas | Year: 2015
The paper revisits Fukuyama’s (Trust: The social virtues and the creation of prosperity, 1995) work on the effect of social trust on economic development and considers further the relation between family and social entrepreneurship. Specifically focusing on social care services in Taiwan, the paper highlights the role of family in social entrepreneurship. With family as a starting point, social entrepreneurship is grounded, emerges, and evolves in distinctive contexts of each society even in a society with the paradox of ‘familism’. By exploring the evolution of a social entrepreneurship case in Taiwan, this paper, expanding on Fukuyama, concludes that it is possible for the societies traditionally characterized by the paradox of familism to become more inclusive with higher trust through social entrepreneurship. © 2015, International Society for Third-Sector Research and The Johns Hopkins University.
Lai W.-T.,Wenzao Ursuline University of Languages
Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment | Year: 2015
Every year, bus companies consume millions of litres of fuel, and their fuel costs often exceed millions of US dollars. These companies have an obvious interest in reducing their fuel consumption. One way to encourage drivers to engage in eco-driving behaviours, as well as their related beliefs, is to use a monetary reward system. The aim of this study was to explore the incentive effects of such a reward system to encourage better driving behaviours among bus drivers. This study collected fuel-efficiency data before and after the implementation of a reward system. Furthermore, to study the effects that the system had on driver behaviours, this study adopted the theory of Motivation-Opportunity-Ability (MOA) to construct the regression model. The results for the average fuel consumption efficiency for the buses before and after the reward system was introduced showed an improvement of more than 10% and thus a reduction in carbon emissions. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Chou I.C.,Wenzao Ursuline University of Languages
Computer Assisted Language Learning | Year: 2014
As electronic books continue to attract attention as a pedagogical tool in language classrooms, the impact that e-books are expected to have on higher education cannot be ignored. Despite the pervasiveness of e-book reading studies in higher education, most studies show that students' reactions to e-books are often negative. However, the effects of using e-books are considered beneficial in extensive reading programs in many first- or second-language classrooms. The different results may be due to different reading purposes. In addition, limited studies have investigated whether students' perceptions of e-books change over time since many of the e-book reading studies used a survey, rather than longitudinal, approach. Thus, this study intended to determine (1) English as a foreign language (EFL) college students' perceptions of e-books when they read for the purpose of responding to literature rather than for the purpose of intensively studying in an academic context; and (2) whether these perceptions change over time as based on a qualitative perspective. Twenty freshmen enrolled in a literature-based course participated in a semester-long e-book reading. The results showed that the students in this study generally valued the intangible nature of e-books. However, the e-book reading experience was still considered unpleasant to most of the participants in this study. This implies that the reading purpose may not have a great influence on students' perception of e-books. Despite the overall negative perceptions of e-books, the students also demonstrated some improved attitudes toward reading e-books for an entire semester. The findings indicate that when students are given time and opportunities to read e-books, they are likely to develop e-book reading habits and strategies. It would be a pity if we gave up providing students e-books merely because of their initial negative attitudes. © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis.