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Tianfu, China

Wang Y.,Wendeng Central Hospital | Zong L.,Binzhou Peoples Hospital | Wang X.,ICU
Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology | Year: 2015

Background: Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is known for its role in ventricular remodeling, inflammatory response, cell survival, and apoptosis. However, its role in improving myocardial function in rat hearts subjected to ischemia– reperfusion (I/R) and protecting against apoptosis induced in cardiomyocytes by anoxia–reoxygenation (A/R) has not been elucidated. This study investigated the protective effects and molecular mechanisms of TGF-β on myocardial function and cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Methods and results:Weused TUNEL staining, we tested cell viability, and we measured mitochondrial membrane potential and levels of mitochondrial ROS after 6 h of simulated anoxia together with various durations of simulated reoxygenation in H9c2 cells.Wefurther observed the contractile function in rat hearts after they were subjected to 30 min global ischemia and 180 min reperfusion. Pretreatment with TGF-β markedly inhibited apoptosis in H9c2 cells, as evidenced by increased cell viability and decreased numbers of TUNEL-positive cells, maintained mitochondrial membrane potential, and diminished mitochondrial production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). These changes were associated with the inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-dependent markers of apoptosis (GRP78, CHOP, caspase-12, and JNK), and the modulation of the expression of Bcl2/Bax. Furthermore, TGF-β improved I/R-induced myocardial contractile dysfunction. All of these protective effects were concentration-dependent. Conclusion: Our results show that TGF-β prevents A/R-induced apoptosis of cardiomyocytes and improves myocardial function in rat hearts injured by I/R. © 2015, National Research Council of Canada. All rights reserved. Source

Wang Z.X.,Wendeng Central Hospital
Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology | Year: 2011

The aim of study was to investigate the effect of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) children bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) on resistance of K562/A02 cells and its mechanism. MSC obtained from bone marrow of AL children were cultured and identified. The co-culture of MSC and K562/A02 and the culture of K562/A02 cell suspension alone was performed, of which 2 kinds of cells were treated with same concentration of adriamycin (ADM), and the rate of apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry, bcl-2 and bax of K562/A02 were detected by RT-PCR, while mdr1 gene level was detected by FQ-PCR. The results indicated that the MSC separation and proliferation were viable and steady. The apoptosis rate of the K562/A02 cells co-cultured with MSC was 1.97 ± 0.11%, while apoptosis rate of the K562/A02 cells cultured alone was 8.38 ± 0.29%, there was significant difference (p < 0.05). As compared with the K562/A02 cells cultured alone, the bcl-2 gene expression in K562/A02 cells co-cultured with MSC obviously increased; ratio of bcl-2/bax was obviously enhanced. The mdr1 gene level in K562/A02 co-cultured with MSC was no statistical different from K562/A02 cultured alone (p > 0.05), which suggested that adhesion co-cultured with MSC did not induce mdr1 expression higher than the culture of suspension. It is concluded that the MSC of ALL children can escape the leukemia cells from proapoptotic effect of drugs, the resistance of K562/A02 to ADM may be involved in enhancement of bcl-2 gene expression of K562/A02 cells co-cultured with MSC, but not in relation to mdr1 gene in K562/A02 cells themselves. Source

Cheng Y.,Tianjin Medical University | Wang N.,Shandong University | Wang K.,Wendeng Central Hospital | Wang J.,Shandong University | And 4 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2013

Objective: The correlation between high body mass index and outcomes after esophagectomy has not been systematically addressed. Some studies have shown that patients with a high body mass index had better overall survival and disease-free survival compared with those with a normal/low body mass index, whereas others have shown that the body mass index was not of prognostic value. Methods: Ninety-nine patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were retrospectively reviewed in this study. Patients' postoperative overall and disease-free survivals were compared between the two groups (body mass index <24.00 kg/m2 and body mass index ≥24.00 kg/m. 2). Results: There were 66 patients in the low/normal body mass index group (body mass index <24.00 kg/m2) and 28 patients in the high body mass index group (body mass index ≥24.00 kg/m2). Although disease recurrence were more frequent in the high body mass index group vs. the low/normal body mass index group, there was no significant difference noted (60.7%, 40.9%, P = 0.078). The 3-year overall survival rates were 60.6% in the low/normal body mass index group and 57.1% in the high body mass index group (P = 0.392). The 3-year disease-free survival rates were higher in the low/normal body mass index group vs. the high body mass index group (56.1%, 39.3%, P = 0.048). On multivariate analysis, the number of lymph node metastases (hazard ratio: 1.192, 95% confidence interval: 1.076-1.320, P = 0.001) was recognized as an independent prognostic factor for overall survival. Both body weight loss (hazard ratio: 2.153, 95% confidence interval: 1.027-4.511, P = 0.042) and the number of lymph node metastases (hazard ratio: 1.669, 95% confidence interval: 1.297-2.146, P < 0.001) were significantly and independently associated with disease-free survival. Conclusions: Our results suggest that high body mass index appears to shorten disease-free survival in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients and further studies are needed to detect the mechanism. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. Source

Guo S.,Shandong University | Liu H.-D.,Shandong University | Liu Y.-F.,Shandong University | Liu L.,People Hospital of Hanting | And 2 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2014

Hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) is an acidic heparin-binding protein involved in tumor progression and poor prognosis of kinds of cancers. Aimed at investigating the functions of HDGF in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC), we detected the expression of HDGF by immunohistochemistry in 83 patients. Associations of HDGF with clinicopathologic features, microvascular density (MVD), and overall survival rates were further analyzed by Chi-square method, univariate or multivariate analysis. HDGF functions in IHCC proliferation, invasion, and angiogenesis were detected by MTT, transwell, and tube formation assays, respectively. As a result, we found that HDGF-positive expression rate in IHCC was 51.8 % (43/83) in IHCC. HDGF expression was significantly correlated to MVD (P = 0.031), lymphatic invasion (P = 0.030), distant metastasis (P = 0.002), and TNM stage (P = 0.037). HDGF was further identified as an independent prognostic factor in IHCC with Kaplan-Meier method (P = 0.003) and Cox-regression model (P = 0.008). Moreover, both intracellular and extracellular HDGF were proved to promote the proliferation, invasion, and angiogenesis of IHCC cell lines. In conclusion, HDGF was identified as an independent prognostic biomarker in IHCC. HDGF can promote IHCC cells progression, including proliferation, invasion, and angiogenesis, indicating HDGF could become a new promising and potential drug target of IHCC. © 2014, International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM). Source

Zhang J.M.,Linyi Peoples Hospital | Cui X.J.,Wendeng Central Hospital | Xia Y.Q.,Yishui Central Hospital | Guo S.,Shandong University
Gene | Year: 2012

The association between transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1)-509 C>T and risk of digestive tract cancer (DTC) remained uncertain as previous studies reported conflicting results. The aim of this study was to assess the association by using a meta-analysis. The databases of MEDLINE, EMBASE and WANGFANG (Chinese database) were retrieved, and latest update was on 2nd February, 2012. Pooled odds ratio and 95% confidence interval (OR and 95% CI) were calculated by using a fixed- or random-effect model. Ultimately, twenty nine case-control studies with 8664 cases and 12,532 controls were included in this meta-analysis. Overall, there was no association between TGF-β1-509 C>T and risk of DTC in all genetic comparison models (OR and 95% CI: 0.96 and 0.81-1.15 for TT vs. CC, 0.98 and 0.91-1.05 for T carriers vs. C carriers). When subgroup analyses were conducted according to ethnicity, types of cancer and sample size, T allele was significantly associated with decreased risk of DTC for Caucasians and for large sample-sized studies, and was associated with decreased risk of colorectal cancer (OR and 95% CI for TT vs. CC: 0.82 and 0.70-0.97 for Caucasians, 0.80 and 0.68-0.98 for large sample-sized studies, 0.78 and 0.62-0.97 for colorectal cancer). This study indicated that TGF-β1-509 C>T polymorphism was probably associated with risk of DTC, especially for Caucasians. Because of modest limitation, our findings should be confirmed by future studies. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

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