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Li Z.G.,Wendeng Center Hospital of Weihai
International journal of molecular sciences | Year: 2010

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), which is proposed to play an important role in normal physiological situations such as wound healing, vascular tone, vascular integrity and reproduction, may be involved in the etiology of some diseases such as atherosclerosis, cancer, obesity or myocardial infarction. Abnormal findings, including silent brain infarction (SBI), are frequently observed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). However, whether there is a relationship between LPA level and the prevalence of SBI has not been extensively studied. In the present study, the association between them was investigated. 235 patients with NVAF, 116 cases of SBI without NVAF and 120 cases of healthy volunteers (control group), who did not receive any antithrombotic therapy, were enrolled in this study. Plasma LPA levels in the NVAF with SBI group were significantly higher than that in the control group (p < 0.01), NVAF without SBI group (p < 0.01) and SBI without NVAF group (p < 0.01). The LPA levels are lower in the control group than in the NVAF without SBI and SBI without NVAF groups (p < 0.01), however, the latter two groups did not significantly differ from each other for LPA levels (p > 0.05) There were significant differences in the positive rate of platelet activation between each of the groups (p < 0.01). The positive rate of platelet activation was significantly higher in the NVAF with SBI group. We suggest that LPA might be a novel marker for estimation of the status of platelet activation and the risk factor for SBI onset in NVAF patients. We expected that plasma LPA levels could predict the occurrence of SBI in NVAF patients. Source

Wang K.,Wendeng Center Hospital of Weihai | Sun Y.,Xuzhou Medical College | Li A.-M.,Xuzhou Medical College
Interventional Neuroradiology | Year: 2013

Despite experience and technological improvements, stent-assisted coiling for intracranial aneurysms still has inherent risks. We evaluated peri-procedural morbidity and mortality associated with stent-assisted coiling for intracranial aneurysms. Patients with cerebral aneurysms that were broad-based (>4 mm) or had unfavorable dome/neck ratios (<1.5) were enrolled in this study between February and November 2011 at our center. Aneurysms were treated with the self-expanding neurovascular stents with adjunctive coil embolization. Seventy-two consecutive patients (27 men and 45 women; 22-78 years of age; mean age, 52.8 years) underwent 13 procedures for 13 ruptured aneurysms and 64 procedures for 73 unruptured aneurysms. Nine [11.7%, 95%CI(4.5%-18.9%)] procedure-related complications occurred: one and eight with initial embolization of ruptured and unruptured aneurysms, respectively. Complications included six acute in-stent thromboses, one spontaneous stent migration, one post-procedural aneurysm rupture, and one perforator occlusion. Three complications had no neurologic consequences. Two caused transient neurologic morbidity, two persistent neurologic morbidity, and two death. Procedure-related neurologic morbidity and mortality rates, respectively, were as follows: overall, 5.2% (95%CI, 0.2%-10.2%) and 2.6% (95%CI, 0%-6.2%); ruptured aneurysms, 7.7% (95%CI, 0%-36%) and 0%(95%CI, 0%-25%); unruptured aneurysms, 4.7% (95%CI, 0%-9.9%) and 3.1% (95%CI, 0%-7.3%). Combined procedure-related morbidity and mortality rates for ruptured and unruptured aneurysms were 7.7% (95%CI, 1.7%-13.7%) and 7.8% (95%CI, 1.8%-13.8%), respectively. Stent-assisted coiling is an attractive option for intracranial aneurysms. However, stent-assisted coiling for unruptured aneurysms is controversial for its comparable risk to natural history. Source

Zhang Z.,Qingdao University | Liu L.-J.,Qingdao University | Zhang C.,Qingdao University | Yu Y.-P.,Qingdao University | Yu Y.-P.,Wendeng Center Hospital of Weihai
BioMed Research International | Year: 2013

Increasing evidence suggests that IL-1β (C-511T) and IL-1α (C-889T) genes polymorphisms are associated with the susceptibility to cardiocerebral vascular disease. In this paper, we investigated the relationships between these polymorphisms and the risk of ischemic stroke (IS) classified by TOAST criteria in the north Chinese Han population. 440 cases of IS and 486 age- and gender-matched controls of Chinese Han population were enrolled. Association study showed that the TT genotype and T allele of IL-1α-889 C/T were significantly associated with IS of a large artery atherosclerosis (LAA) (TT: OR = 2.01, 95% CI = 1.34-3.0, and P<0.001; T: OR = 1.44, 95% CI = 1.18-1.78, and P=0.001). However, there was no significant difference in the distribution of IL-1α-889 C/T genotypes and allele frequencies between the two subgroups (small-artery occlusion (SVD) and cardioembolism (CE)) of IS and control groups. No significant association was also found between the IL-1β-511 TT genotype and T allele (TT: OR = 0.79, 95% CI = 0.56-1.11, and P=0.175; T: OR = 0.83, 95% CI = 0.68-1.01, and P=0.066) and IS as well as subgroups of CE and SVD. Our results implicated that IL-1α-889 C/T gene polymorphism might be associated with the susceptibility to IS, especially to IS with LAA, in a north Chinese Han population. © 2013 Zheng Zhang et al. Source

Yu Y.-P.,Wendeng Center Hospital of Weihai | Chi X.-L.,Wendeng Center Hospital of Weihai | Liu L.-J.,Qingdao University
The Scientific World Journal | Year: 2014

Gases such as nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO) play important roles both in normal physiology and in disease. Recent studies have shown that hydrogen sulfide (H2S) protects neurons against oxidative stress and ischemia-reperfusion injury and attenuates lipopolysaccharides (LPS) induced neuroinflammation in microglia, exhibiting anti-inflammatory and antiapoptotic activities. The gas H2S is emerging as a novel regulator of important physiologic functions such as arterial diameter, blood flow, and leukocyte adhesion. It has been known that multiple factors, including oxidative stress, free radicals, and neuronal nitric oxide synthesis as well as abnormal inflammatory responses, are involved in the mechanism underlying the brain injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Based on the multiple physiologic functions of H2S, we speculate that it might be a promising, effective, and specific therapy for brain injury after SAH. © 2014 Yong-Peng Yu et al. Source

Yu Y.-P.,Wendeng Center Hospital of Weihai | Ju W.-P.,Wendeng Center Hospital of Weihai | Li Z.-G.,Wendeng Center Hospital of Weihai | Wang D.-Z.,Wendeng Center Hospital of Weihai | And 2 more authors.
Brain Research | Year: 2010

Increasing evidence suggests the beneficial effects of acupuncture on Parkinson's disease (PD). Although clinical evidence for the acupuncture anti-Parkinson's disease effect has been demonstrated, the precise mechanism still remains elusive. It has been suggested a relationship between PD and reactive oxygen species (ROS) can result in neurodegeneration. The aim of this study was to evaluate the status of oxidative stress, as well as the antioxidant enzyme response, and the role of acupuncture stimulation at GB34 (Yanglingquan), LR3 (Taichong), ST36 (Zusanli) and SP10 (Xuehai) acupoints on regulating oxidative stress in the nigrostriatal system in the 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesioned rat. Two weeks after unilateral injection of 6-OHDA into the left medial forebrain bundle (MFB), an apomorphine induced rotational behavior test was performed. The levels of enzymatic, viz., superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), catalase (CAT), and nonenzymatic, viz., reduced glutathione (GSH), and the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) in the nigrostriatal system were measured to assess the oxidative stress status. Brain MDA levels significantly increased, while GSH levels were decreased in impaired groups with 6-OHDA injection only, accompanied by a marked reduction in the level of SOD and GSH-Px. The levels of oxidative stress related parameters except CAT, as well as the rotational asymmetry, were reversed by acupuncture stimulation. These results showed that acupuncture treatment displayed antioxidative and/or neuroprotective properties in the 6-OHDA lesioned rat and these protective properties might be mediated, at least in part, by involving regulation of the antioxidant defense system. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

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