Welfare Organization

Khuzestan Province, Iran

Welfare Organization

Khuzestan Province, Iran

Time filter

Source Type

PubMed | National Disaster Management Organization, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Welfare Organization
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit | Year: 2016

This paper describes the process of developing a national pre-disaster plan for physical health and psychological rehabilitation of disaster-stricken communities. Data gathered from a literature review and expert panel discussions informed the process of drawing up unified definitions of physical and psychological health rehabilitation, carrying out stakeholder and STEEP-V analyses, and assigning the responsible organization and the collaborative organizations for each task. The Ministry of Health and the Welfare Organization were selected as the two responsible organizations. Integrated management at all levels, and sharing information, education and funding, were identified as ways to improve stakeholders participation and collaboration. A system is needed for evaluating the implementation of the disaster rehabilitation plan, using valid and reliable indicators.


Heydari G.,Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences | Talischi F.,Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences | Batmanghelidj E.,Meliora Health Corporation | Pajooh M.R.,Welfare Organization | And 4 more authors.
Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal | Year: 2013

This parallel, randomized, open-ended clinical trial tested the impact of nicotine replacement pharmacotherapy during the course of methadone treatment among opiate abusers. A total of 424 men entered the study at 4 drug treatment centres in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran. The intervention group received a 6-week regimen of nicotine replacement pharmacotherapy at no charge. After 6 months, 211 persons (99.5%) in the control group continued to smoke and 1 person (0.5%) had quit. In the intervention group, 117 (55.1%) persons smoked, 15 (7.1%) persons had quit and 80 (37.7%) had reduced by more than 50% the number of cigarettes they smoked at the start of the study (P < 0.0001). The findings suggest that the use of nicotine replacement pharmacology in tandem with methadone maintenance treatment can lead to dramatically improved efficacy for treatment of dual addictions.


PubMed | Meliora Health Corporation, Armaghan Behbood Iranian, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Welfare Organization
Type: | Journal: Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit | Year: 2014

This parallel, randomized, open-ended clinical trial tested the impact of nicotine replacement pharmacotherapy during the course of methadone treatment among opiate abusers. A total of 424 men entered the study at 4 drug treatment centres in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran. The intervention group received a 6-week regimen of nicotine replacement pharmacotherapy at no charge. After 6 months, 211 persons (99.5%) in the control group continued to smoke and 1 person (0.5%) had quit. In the intervention group, 117 (55.1%) persons smoked, 15 (7.1%) persons had quit and 80 (37.7%) had reduced by more than 50% the number of cigarettes they smoked at the start of the study (P < 0.0001). The findings suggest that the use of nicotine replacement pharmacology in tandem with methadone maintenance treatment can lead to dramatically improved efficacy for treatment of dual addictions.


Ebrahimi H.,Tabriz University of Medical Sciences | Mohammadi E.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | Mohammadi M.A.,Tabriz University of Medical Sciences | Pirzadeh A.,Ardabil University of Medical Sciences | And 2 more authors.
Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology | Year: 2015

Introduction: A deaf child creates a feeling of stigma in many hearing parents. Stigma in mothers can have a negative impact on a child's treatment and rehabilitation process. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the extent of stigma in mothers with deaf children. Materials and Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013 among 90 mothers with deaf children. The data-collection instrument included the stigma scale in the mothers of children with disabilities. The reliability and validity of the instrument were confirmed through content validity and Cronbach's alpha coefficient (α=86%), respectively. Data were analyzed using SPSS-15 software. Results: Results showed that most mothers suffer from stigma due to having a deaf child. The mean stigma score was 96.48 ±27.72. In total, 24.4% of mothers reported that they had received strange and mocking looks; 72.2% regarded child deafness as a sign of divine retribution; and 33.3% felt ashamed of their child's deafness. There was an inverse relationship between the mother's level of education and mean stigma scores (P<0.033). The stigma score was higher in mothers who were living independently of their relatives (P<0.029). The mean stigma score in mothers of children with a cochlear implant was lower than that of mothers of children with earphones (86.70 vs. 99.64), and this difference tended towards significance (P=0.057). Conclusion: This study showed that half of all mothers with deaf children were scorned and felt ashamed of having a deaf child in the family because of the stigma. The majority of mothers with deaf children felt stigmatized, and only their education and residency status affected this issue. The mothers of cochlear-implanted children perceived less stigma. Due to the various social and psychological problems caused by hearing impairment, it is necessary to consider the emotional health and psychological state of the mothers in addition to rehabilitation programs and standard services for the children themselves.


Galehdari H.,Shahid Chamran University | Mohammadian G.,Welfare Organization | Azmoon S.,Shafa Hospital | Salehi B.,Shafa Hospital | Pedram M.,Research Center for Thalassemia and Hemoglobinopathies
Journal of Molecular Diagnostics | Year: 2010

Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa is a heritable skin disorder with dominant and recessive genetic patterns. Numerous studies underline that both forms are caused by mutations of the COL7A1 gene, which encodes collagen type VII. It has been reported that most mutations detected in the recessive disease form are nonsense mutations or small insertions or deletions leading to frameshift and premature translational termination, which tend to produce severe phenotypes. In contrast, missense mutations causing amino acid substitutions, which result in variable phenotypes, predominate in the dominant form of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa. Genomic DNA from the patient and parents was subjected to PCR amplification of the coding region of the COL7A1 gene. Direct sequencing of the PCR products revealed a homozygous single-base deletion in the patient (c.6269-6270delC). The parents were heterozygous for the same mutation. This deletion is a novel mutation in the human COL7A1 gene based on comparisons with the Human Genome Mutation Database. To our knowledge, this is the first report of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa in an Iranian patient confirmed by molecular diagnosis. Copyright © American Society for Investigative Pathology and the Association for Molecular Pathology.


Askian P.,University Putra Malaysia | Askian P.,University of Applied Science and Technology of Iran | Krauss S.E.,University Putra Malaysia | Baba M.,University Putra Malaysia | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction | Year: 2016

Substance use disorder is known to adversely affect both the user as well as his or her family members. A consequence of chemical dependence on family members is co-dependence. Co-dependence is associated with an excessive focus on the needs and behaviors of the person with substance use disorder. Most studies in the field of drug-related problems in Iran have focused on the substance user, while few studies have been carried out on the family members. A qualitative case study approach was employed to explore characteristics of co-dependence among wives of persons with substance use disorder in Iran where substance use disorder is a notable social harm. Purposive snowball sampling technique was used to identify 11 Iranian wives of individuals with substance use disorder. The data were collected through in-depth, face-to-face interviews, non-participation observation, and document analysis. Data were analyzed using the constant comparative method. The analysis yielded five main characteristics of co-dependence among wives of persons with substance use disorder, namely: Denial, enabling behavior, low self-worth, enmeshed self, and weak spiritual relationship with God. The findings showed that except for a weak spiritual relationship with God, most of the characteristics of co-dependence among the participants were similar to the traits of co-dependents found in previous studies conducted outside Iran. © 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York.


Pooragha F.,Semnan University | Kafi S.-M.,Guilan University | Sotodeh S.-O.,Welfare Organization
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics | Year: 2013

Objective: The aim of this study was investigating and comparing two components of executive functioning in children with high function autism with normal children. Methods: this study was correlation descriptive (causal-comparative). There were two groups, one consisted of 15 participants of children with high function autism disorder (Intelligence quotient [IQ]>80) and the other consisted of 15 normal children, all age and education matched. They were compared with two neuro- cognitive tests, Color Word Stroop and Wisconsin Card Sorting, and one IQ test called Ravens Progressive Matrices test. Findings: Analysis of data showed significant difference in both executive functionings, response inhibition (Stroop) and flexibility (Wisconsin Card Sorting) between normal children and children with autism disorder, but there was no significant relation between age and IQ and executive functioning in children with autism. Conclusion: The results showed that children with autism disorder have deficits in executive functions regardless of their IQ level and it can be attributed to the symptoms of autism spectrum disorders. © 2013 by Pediatrics Center of Excellence, Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, All rights reserved.


Yaghini O.,Isfahan University of Medical Sciences | Kelishadi R.,Isfahan University of Medical Sciences | Keikha M.,Isfahan University of Medical Sciences | Niknam N.,Isfahan University of Medical Sciences | And 3 more authors.
Iranian Journal of Child Neurology | Year: 2015

Objective Developmental delay screening is essential in pediatric medicine. The purpose of this study was to estimate the developmental delay in apparently normal children at entry to kindergarten. Materials & Methods In this cross- sectional study conducted in 2013, the developmental status of a sample of children who entered to kindergarten at the age of 4-60 months were evaluated by the Persian version of ages and stages questionnaires (ASQ) in Isfahan county, central Iran. Results Totally 680 children were enrolled, 11.8% of them were suspected to delayed in at least one domain and 1.3% and 1.2% in two and three domains, respectively. Developmental delay was in the following items: 5% in problem solving; 4.9% in fine motor; 3.2% in gross motor, 2.2% and 1.2% in personal – social and communication domains, respectively. Conclusion Considerable proportions of apparently normal children who are entering kindergarten had developmental delay, which could be detected by evaluation with appropriate screening tools. © 2015, Iranian Child Neurology Society. All rights reserved.


Mohammadi R.,Semnan University of Medical Sciences | Nanehkaran S.M.,Welfare Organization
Koomesh | Year: 2016

Introduction: Plantar flexor muscles produce propulsive force in the second half of stance phase; deficient motor output from these muscles would lead to inadequate propulsion at push off phase of gait following stroke. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of walking on a treadmill at varying speeds on ankle muscle activation in stroke survivors and to compare the effect of increasing speed on plantar flexor muscle activity in subject groups in relation to spasticity severity. Materials and Methods: Nineteen stroke survivors (13M/6F) walked on a standard treadmill at three different speeds (self-selected, self-selected+20%, self-selected+40%). The electromyographic activity of Medial Gastrocnemius (MG), and Tibialis anterior (TA) muscles recorded at push off phase of the gait. Results: In the high spasticity subgroup (Tardieu scale ≥ 2), paretic MG activity increased as walking speed increased (p < 0/05). Conclusion: Our data indicates that individuals with stroke can be safely trained on a treadmill to walk 20-40% above the self-selected pace to improve MG output without adversely affecting TA output. © 2016, Semnan University of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Isfahan University of Medical Sciences and Welfare Organization
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Iranian journal of child neurology | Year: 2015

Developmental delay screening is essential in pediatric medicine. The purpose of this study was to estimate the developmental delay in apparently normal children at entry to kindergarten.In this cross- sectional study conducted in 2013, the developmental status of a sample of children who entered to kindergarten at the age of 4-60 months were evaluated by the Persian version of ages and stages questionnaires (ASQ) in Isfahan county, central Iran.Totally 680 children were enrolled, 11.8% of them were suspected to delayed in at least one domain and 1.3% and 1.2% in two and three domains, respectively. Developmental delay was in the following items: 5% in problem solving; 4.9% in fine motor; 3.2% in gross motor, 2.2% and 1.2% in personal - social and communication domains, respectively.Considerable proportions of apparently normal children who are entering kindergarten had developmental delay, which could be detected by evaluation with appropriate screening tools.

Loading Welfare Organization collaborators
Loading Welfare Organization collaborators