Jiang Y.-Y.,Weifang Medical University
Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry | Year: 2017
Purpose: To assess the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) in 2- to 5-year-old preschool children in Weifang City, China, and to investigate the factors related to this condition. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 2829 children (2-5 years old, including 1601 boys and 1228 girls) in twenty kindergartens in Weifang City, China, in 2014. These children were selected via cluster sampling. First, the percentages of ECC and severe ECC (S-ECC) as well as the mean dmft were compared between different genders and ages, and the tooth distribution pattern of ECC was analysed. Meanwhile, the information regarding feeding and oral hygiene practices was collected by a questionnaire with 14 questions to evaluate their relationships with the percentages of ECC and S-ECC as well as the mean dmft. The chi-squared test, t-test and one-way ANOVA were conducted to evaluate the significant differences. Results: The ECC prevalence of the preschoolers was 53.3%, and the mean dmft was 2.12 ± 2.56. 71.4% of the 1509 children with ECC were identified as S-ECC. Not only the percentages of ECC and S-ECC but also the mean dmft differed statistically significantly according to gender and age (p < 0.05). Furthermore, caries was most common in primary maxillary central incisors. Feeding and oral hygiene practices were shown to be the significant determining factors for caries. Conclusions: The oral health status of children living in Weifang is very poor. Appropriate strategies must be implemented to promote oral health early on by improving feeding and oral hygiene practices. © Quintessenz. All right reserved.
Lin W.,Weifang Medical University |
Tongyi S.,Weifang Medical University
Tumor Biology | Year: 2014
Green tea polyphenol (GTP) is one of the most promising chemopreventive agent for cancer; it can inhibit cancer cell proliferation and induce apoptosis through p53-dependent cell signaling pathways. Unfortunately, many tumor cells lack the functional p53, and little is known about the effect of GTP on the p53-deficient/mutant cancer cells. To understand the p53-independent mechanisms in GTP-treated p53-dificient/mutant cancer cells, we have now examined GTP-induced cytotoxicity in human hepatoma Hep3B cells (p53-deficient). The results showed that GTP could induce Bax and Bak activation, cytochrome c release, caspase activation, and necroptosis of Hep3B cells. Bax and Bak, two key molecules of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP), were interdependently activated by GTP, with translocation and homo-oligomerization on the mitochondria. Bax and Bak induce cytochrome c release. Importantly, cytochrome c release and necroptosis were diminished in Hep3B cells (Bax−/−) and Hep3B cells (Bak−/−). Furthermore, overexpression of Bcl-2 could ameliorate GTP-induced cytochrome c release and necroptosis. Together, the findings suggested that GTP-induced necroptosis was modulated by the p53-independent pathway, which was related to the translocation of Bax and Bak to mitochondria, release of cytochrome c, and activation of caspases. © 2014, International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).
Niu N.,Weifang Medical University
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science | Year: 2013
RPE is a key component of the blood-ocular barrier (BOB) and is equipped with immunological molecules such as toll-like receptors (TLRs) and complement receptors, which together orchestrate the innate and adaptive immunity of the eye. Immunoglobulin G (IgG) in the aqueous humor and vitreous body has traditionally been thought to be derived from serum via transcytosis across the BOB. Our previous work validated production of endogenous IgG by RPE cells locally. However, the function and role of this IgG in the intraocular immunity is poorly understood. After confirming IgG production in a human RPE cell line (ARPE-19) with immunofluorescence, in situ hybridization, and RT-PCR, we further investigated the function of endogenous IgG in RPE biology with MTS, flow cytometry, and cell invasion analysis after downregulation of IgG by siRNA. Involvement of the TLR4 pathway was also studied using Western blot, ELISA and confocal microscopy. Endogenous IgG is crucial for support of proliferation, mitosis, migration, and inhibition of apoptosis of RPE. Moreover, production of endogenous IgG by RPE is regulated by the TLR4 pathway in a concentration- and duration-dependent manner, and IgG affects the activation of the TLR4 pathway in a synergistic manner. Activation of the FcγR I pathway and production of IL-10 could be induced by IgG derived from RPE. These data suggest that endogenous IgG may be a molecule that is essential for the physiological function of RPE, and suggest IgG is important for regulating intraocular immune responses under physiologic and pathologic conditions.
Xu W.,Weifang Medical University
African journal of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicines : AJTCAM / African Networks on Ethnomedicines | Year: 2013
The objective of the paper was to study the anti-tumor effect of total glycosides from Radix paeoniae rubra in S180 tumor-bearing mice, and to preliminarily explore its mechanism of action. Mice were made into S180 solid tumor model, grouped and administered with the extracts; tumor inhibition rate was measured by harvesting the tumors, and serum IL-2 and IL-4 levels were measured by taking blood samples. Total glycosides of Radix paeoniae rubra significantly inhibited the growth of tumor cells in tumor-bearing organisms, enhanced the cytotoxic activity of NK cells, and increased the serum IL-2 and IL-4 levels. Total glycosides of Radix paeoniae rubra have some anti-tumor effect in vivo, which might have been accomplished through the regulation of the immune system.
Zeng H.,Capital Medical University |
Ding M.,Weifang Medical University |
Chen X.-X.,Weifang Medical University |
Lu Q.,Capital Medical University
Neuroscience | Year: 2014
Accumulating evidence supports that nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase contributes to microglia-mediated neurotoxicity in the CNS neurodegenerative diseases. Several studies, including ours, suggest that microglial activation is involved in the retinal degeneration in the animal models of retinitis pigmentosa (RP). In the present study, we investigated the activation of NADPH oxidase in the rod degeneration in rd mice and further explored its role in the microglia-mediated photoreceptor apoptosis. Expression of gp91phox protein, a major subunit of NAPDH oxidase in the whole retina of rd mice at postnatal days (P) 8, 10, 12, 14, 16 and 18 was assessed by western blot analysis. Location of gp91phox in the rd retina at each age group and its cellular source were studied by immunohistochemical analysis and double labeling respectively. The generation of superoxide radicals in the rd retinas was demonstrated by intraperitoneal injection of hydroethidine. Apocynin was applied intraperitoneally in the rd mice from P8 to P14 to inhibit the activity of NAPDH oxidase and the outer nuclear layer (ONL) thickness was measured before and after apocynin treatment. Our results demonstrated that during the rod degenerative process, the expression of gp91phox started to increase in the outer part of rd retina at P10 and reached a peak at P14. Double labeling of gp91phox with CD11b showed co-localization of gp91phox in the retinal microglial cells. Increasing generation of superoxide radicals visualized by hydroethidine was noted at P8 and reached a peak at P14. Apocynin markedly reduced the production of superoxide radicals and preserved the rod cells. The results suggested that NADPH oxidase might play an important role in the rod degeneration in the rd mice. Inhibition of NAPDH oxidase could be a possible approach to treat RP in the early degenerative stage. © 2014 IBRO.
Sheng J.,Weifang Medical University |
Sun Y.,Weifang Medical University
Carbohydrate Polymers | Year: 2014
Different molecular weight polysaccharides were prepared by degradation of polysaccharides extracted from Athyrium multidentatum (Doll.) Ching rhizome (CPA) with hydrogen peroxide and ascorbic acid. Four low molecular polysaccharides derivatives (CPA-1, CPA-2, CPA-3 and CPA-4) were successfully obtained and had their antioxidant activities investigated employing various established in vitro systems. All CPA derivatives showed pronounced antioxidant activity, and had stronger antioxidant ability than CPA in certain tests. CPA-1 exhibited the strongest scavenging ability on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical among all samples, and the IC50 value was 25 μg/mL. CPA-2 possessed the highest scavenging ability against superoxide radical at 200 μg/mL. The scavenging activity of CPA-4 on hydroxyl radical was higher than CPA from 120 to 200 μg/mL. The mechanism on influence the antioxidant activity of CPA and its degraded derivatives was indicated. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Liu X.-L.,Weifang Medical University |
Zhang W.,Weifang Medical University |
Tang S.-J.,Weifang Medical University
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology | Year: 2014
Adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) are of great interest as a cellular therapeutic agent for regenerative and immunomodulatory purposes. The aim of this study was to investigate whether ADSCs transplantation could promote nerve repair in rats of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. We isolated and cultured human ADSCs, and then measured cell surface antigens by flow cytometry and immunofluorescence. Healthy SD rats were randomly divided into sham group, MCAO group, MCAO+vehicle group and MCAO+ADSCs group. Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Then the human ADSCs were transplanted into the brain of rats 24 h after MCAO. The mRNA level of BDNF (brain derived neurotrophic factor, BDNF), NGF (nerve growth factor, NGF) and bFGF (basic fibroblasts growth factor, bFGF) were detected by real-time PCR at different time points (d7, d14, d21 and d28 after MCAO). Meanwhile, the neurological deficit scores were estimated. The neurological deficit of rats in MCAO+ADSCs group attenuated at d7 in contrast to the MCAO+vehicle group (P<0.05). Subsequently, they were dramatically ameliorated with the time especially at d28. At d7, d14, d21 and d28 after ADSCs transplantation, BDNF, NGF and bFGF mRNA in MCAO+ADSCs group were strikingly higher than those in MCAO+vehicle group, and these two groups both reached the peak at d14. The western blotting results showed that BDNF and Bcl-2 expressed higher in MCAO+ADSCs group than MCAO+vehicle group. Therefore, our current results suggest that ADSCs promote nerve repair after injury through elevating the expression of neurotrophic factors and inhibiting the apoptosis of neural cells.
Wang D.-J.,Weifang Medical University |
Tian H.,Weifang Medical University
Journal of Surgical Research | Year: 2014
Background: To date, there are no effective treatments for extremity ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. The objective of the present study was to explore the protective effect of Mailuoning on IR injury by investigating the plasma levels of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2 alpha (8-iso-PGF2α) and the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in rabbits. Materials and methods: The experimental models of posterior limb IR injury were established in thirty rabbits that were divided into three groups: the sham, IR, and IR + Mailuoning groups. At the end of ischemia, Mailuoning was injected intravenously into the rabbits in the IR + Mailuoning group, and normal saline solution was administered to the rabbits in the sham and IR groups. Venous blood samples were collected to measure the levels of 8-iso-PGF2α and the activity of SOD in the plasma at the following time points: at the onset of ischemia, the end of ischemia, and 2, 4, 8, 12, and 24 h after reperfusion. The skeletal muscles were harvested to examine the ultrastructure. Results: The levels of 8-iso-PGF2α increased significantly and SOD activity decreased in the IR group at every time point after reperfusion (P <0.01 or P <0.05). In contrast, the levels of 8-iso-PGF2α and SOD activity were not significantly different after reperfusion in the IR + Mailuoning group (P >0.05) but were significantly different compared with the IR group (P <0.01). Using electron microscopy, the skeletal muscle injury was shown to be milder in the IR+ Mailuoning group after reperfusion compared with the IR group. Conclusions: The Mailuoning is capable of decreasing the excessive production of 8-iso-PGF2α and protecting SOD activity, thereby exhibiting a protective effect on extremity IR injury. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Hou N.,Weifang Medical University |
Han F.,Weifang Medical University |
Sun X.,Weifang Medical University
Clinical Endocrinology | Year: 2015
Objective Irisin has been shown to turn white adipocytes into brown-like adipocytes, which is emerging as an appealing therapeutic target for obesity. The objective of the study was to determine whether circulating irisin levels are related to endothelial dysfunction in obese subjects. Design A total of 41 nonhypertensive, nondiabetic obese subjects and 40 age- and sex-matched lean healthy control were involved in this study. Clinical characteristics, blood biochemistry, circulating irisin and adiponectin of the subjects were measured. Endothelium-dependent vasodilation (EDV) and endothelial-independent vasodilation (EIV) were determined using high-resolution ultrasound. Results Circulating irisin and adiponectin were significantly lower in obese subjects compared with lean healthy control (P < 0·05). Endothelial function was impaired in obese subjects (maximum EDV: 8·95 ± 3·46% vs 14·56 ± 3·90%, P < 0·05). Bivariate correlation analysis revealed that circulating irisin was positively correlated with EDV(r = 0·388, P < 0·01) and negatively correlated with BMI (r = -0·281, P < 0·05), waist circumference (r = -0·298, P < 0·01), free fatty acid (FFA) (r = -0·289, P < 0·01), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) (r = -0·244, P < 0·05) and malondialdehyde (r = -0·258, P < 0·05). Multiple regression analysis revealed that circulating irisin, adiponectin, FFA and BMI were independently associated with EDV after adjusting for covariates (R2 = 0·457, F = 8·766, P = 0·000). Conclusions Circulating irisin level was decreased in nonhypertensive, nondiabetic obese subjects compared with lean healthy control. Lower levels of irisin are independently associated with endothelial dysfunction. Therefore, irisin may be involved in the regulation of endothelial function in obesity. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Jiang Y.-Y.,Weifang Medical University
International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2016
This study aimed to investigate the correlation between upper airway dimensions and hyoid bone position in Chinese adolescents based on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. CBCT images from a total of 254 study subjects were included. The upper airway and hyoid bone parameters were measured by Materialism's interactive medical image control system (MIMICS) v.16.01 (Materialise, Leuven, Belgium). The airway dimensions were evaluated in terms of volume, cross-sectional area (CSA), mean CSA, length, anteroposterior dimension of the cross-section (AP), lateral dimension of the cross-section (LAT), and LAT/AP ratio. The hyoid bone position was evaluated using eight linear parameters and two angular parameters. Facial characteristics were evaluated using three linear parameters and three angular parameters. Most hyoid bone position parameters (especially the distance between the hyoid bone and hard palate) were significantly associated with most airway dimension parameters. Significant correlations were also observed between the different facial characteristic parameters and hyoid bone position parameters. Most airway dimension parameters showed significant correlations with linear facial parameters, but they displayed significant correlations with only a few angular facial parameters. These findings provide an understanding of the static relationship between the hyoid bone position and airway dimensions, which may serve as a reference for surgeons before orthodontic or orthognathic surgery. © 2016 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.