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Wang Y.-B.,Peking Union Medical College | Wang Y.-B.,China Weifang Medical College | Chu J.-M.,Peking Union Medical College | Wang J.,Peking Union Medical College | And 5 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology | Year: 2013

Objective: To explore the electrocardiogram and 3-dimensional electroanatomic mapping features and radiofrequency catheter ablation efficacy of patients with premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) originating from His bundle region. Methods: Between February 2009 and February 2011, 10 consecutive patients (4 male, aged from 19 to 59 years) who underwent ablation for frequent PVCs originating close to His bundle region in our department were included. Electroanatomic mapping of RVOT and ASC, ablation was performed with the 7F 4-mm-tip ablation catheter. Results: Among these 10 patients with PVCs originating from His bundle region, 6 originated from the RVOT, 1 from NCC and 3 from RCC. Eight patients showed LBBB morphology, 1 patient with PVCs originated from RCC and 1 patient with PVCs originated from NCC showed RBBB morphology. At the successful ablation sites, local ventricular activation v wave was detected 22-52(32.6 ± 10.2) ms earlier than the QRS wave in the surface electrocardiogram. The distance between target and His bundle was 5.0-8.4(7.0 ± 1.1) mm. Ablation was successful in all 10 patients without complications (PVCs < 500 beats/24 h post ablation). Conclusion: PVCs originating near the His bundle have similar electrocardiographic and electrophysiological characteristics for PVSc originated from the RVOT or ASC. Because of the close anatomical relationship between RVOT and ASC, it is necessary to mapping both RVOT and ASC to accurately identify the site of PVCs origin and to guild successful ablation. Copyright © 2013 by the Chinese Medical Association. Source


Wang Y.-B.,Peking Union Medical College | Wang Y.-B.,China Weifang Medical College | Chu J.-M.,Peking Union Medical College | Song S.-K.,China Weifang Medical College | And 5 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology | Year: 2013

Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between originate and breakout and radiofrequency catheter ablation strategy in patients undergoing radiofrequency ablation for premature ventricular contractions originating from the aortic sinus cusp (ASC) using 3-dimensional electroanatomic mapping. Methods: This study included 21 consecutive patients (10 male) underwent ablation for frequent PVCs originating from ASC in our hospital between May 2009 and February 2012. Electroanatomic mapping and ablation of right ventricular outflow track (RVOT) and left ventricular outflow track (LVOT) were performed with the 7F 4-mm-tip ablation catheter from right femoral vein and artery. Activation mapping and pacing mapping were performed in all patients. Results: Ablation was successful in all 21 patients successful ablation target in left coronary sinus cusp (LCC, n = 17), in right coronary sinus cusp (RCC, n = 2) and in noncoronary sinus cusp (NCC, n = 2). Seven patients showed a RBBB morphology (group A) and 14 patients showed a LBBB morphology (group B). In group A, earliest ventricular activation (EVA) was recorded 22-34(27.4 ±4.6)ms earlier before QRS at the site of catheter ablation in ASC. In group B, EVA was later in RVOT than that in ASC in 5 patients and EVA at the site of catheter ablation in RVOT and ASC was 22-28(25.2 ±2.7) ms and 26-40(32.8 ±5.2) ms, respectively (t = -3.6, P =0.024) while EVA was earlier in the remaining 9 patients and EVA recorded in RVOT and ASC was 22 - 38 (28.7 ± 5.9) ms and 18 - 28 (22.7 ± 3.6) ms, respectively (t = 3.8, P = 0.005). Conclusion: Patients with premature ventricular contractions originating from the ASC often show preferential conduction to the RYOT, which may explain the LBBB morphology of ECG in these patients. Copyright © 2013 by the Chinese Medical Association. Source

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