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Kragerø, Norway

Sorum C.,Norwegian University of Science and Technology | Sorum C.,Weifa AS | Simic N.,Norwegian University of Science and Technology | Sundby E.,Norwegian University of Science and Technology | Hoff B.H.,Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry | Year: 2010

Chemical shift assignment of seven N-substituted 6-(4-methoxyphenyl)-7H- pyrrolo[2, 3-d]pyrimidin-4-amines, six of which are fluorinated, have been performed based on 1H, 13C, 19F, and 2D COSY, HMBC and HSQC experiments. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Mihajlovic M.,Serbian Institute for Technology of Nuclear and Other Mineral Raw Materials | Perisic N.,Weifa AS | Pezo L.,University of Belgrade | Stojanovic M.,Serbian Institute for Technology of Nuclear and Other Mineral Raw Materials | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2014

This study examined the possibility of direct application of phosphate rock (PR) from Lisina deposit, in a mixture with natural clinoptilolite (Cp) and clinoptilolite partially saturated with ammonium ions (NH4-Cp). Solution P concentrations of the NH4-Cp/PR mixtures were sufficient for plant growth and ranged from 0.36 to 0.82 mg L-1. The median NH4-Cp/PR ratio and the longest proposed mixing time had the most positive impact on the P concentration. Solution Ca concentrations of the NH4-Cp/PR mixtures were between 112.5 and 700.5 mg L-1, indicating that use of the proposed NH4-Cp/PR mixtures solves the potential lack of Ca2+ in the solution, which is typical for substrates of similar composition. Selected artificial neural networks (ANNs) were able to predict experimental variables for a broad range of the process parameters all through assay. Manifold effects of small changes in composition of the mixtures and time on the observed concentrations of nutrients were shown using the sensitivity analysis. © 2014 American Chemical Society.

Mihajlovic M.,Serbian Institute for Technology of Nuclear and Other Mineral Raw Materials | Perisic N.,Weifa AS | Pezo L.,University of Belgrade | Stojanovic M.,Serbian Institute for Technology of Nuclear and Other Mineral Raw Materials | And 3 more authors.
Clay Minerals | Year: 2014

The application of natural fertilizer mixtures that improve nutrient retention ability of soils has attracted considerable attention in recent years. In addition to rock phosphate (RP), the basic components of these mixtures are zeolites modified with selected cations, such as the ammonium ion. The NH4-zeolite serves as a carrier of nutrients as well as a soil conditioner, and it promotes the RP dissolution in all soil types. The purpose of the present work was to prepare costeffective NH4-zeolite supplement, using 32 full factorial experimental designs, with concentration of modifier and processing time as variables. Saturation processes were carried out on two types of natural zeolites, K-clinoptilolite (K-Cp) and Ca-clinoptilolite (Ca-Cp). The Response Surface Method (RSM) was applied for evaluation of cation exchange, suggesting an effective NH4+ modification of natural zeolite at lower quantities of modifier than commonly found in other studies on the topic. Using Principal Component Analysis (PCA), differences between samples relative to the process variables were clearly outlined and correlated with concentrations of the exchanged cations. The best results were obtained for the K-Cp type modified with 1.5 M solution of ammonium sulfate (at a Cp/NH4+ stochiometric ratio 1:7.5) for all three processing intervals. By optimizing the modification process parameters, an experimental design of partially saturated NH4-Cp supplement that has the potential to supply all major plant nutrients was proposed. © 2014 The Mineralogical Society.

Kaspersen S.J.,Norwegian University of Science and Technology | Sorum C.,Norwegian University of Science and Technology | Sorum C.,Weifa AS | Willassen V.,Norwegian University of Science and Technology | And 5 more authors.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2011

A series of 4-N-substituted 6-aryl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine-4-amines have been synthesised, characterised and tested for their in vitro EGFR (ErbB1) tyrosine kinase inhibitory activity. The compounds were prepared from ethyl cyanoacetate and α-bromoacetophenones via the 2-amino-3-ethoxycarbonyl-5- aryl-pyrroles and 4-chloro-6-arylpyrrolopyrimidines. Aromatic substitution with benzylic amines was performed by conventional thermal substitution, and palladium catalysed coupling. The two methods resulted in similar yields, but the palladium coupling had the benefit of lower chemical consumption and reduced reaction times. Eight of the new compounds had IC50 values in the range of 2.8-9.0 nM. Four of these have a fluorine atom positioned at sites otherwise potentially susceptible to oxidative metabolism. Structural variation of the 6-aryl group indicated that the inhibitory action was only moderately sensitive to modifications in this fragment. However, the potency depended strongly on the structure of the aromatic part of the 4-amino group, and any aromatic substitution except fluorine reduced the in vitro activity. The cellular EGFR internalization response of selected compounds was evaluated using HeLa cells. Three fluorinated derivatives had a pronounced effect in inhibiting EGFR internalization. © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Holm H.,Norwegian University of Life Sciences | Santi N.,AquaGen AS | Kjoglum S.,AquaGen AS | Perisic N.,Weifa AS | And 2 more authors.
Fish and Shellfish Immunology | Year: 2015

Atlantic salmon is susceptible to the salmon louse (. Lepeophtheirus salmonis) and the variation in susceptibility within the species can be exploited in selective breeding programs for louse resistant fish. In this study, lice counts were completed on 3000 siblings from 150 families of Atlantic salmon identified as high resistant (HR) and low resistant (LR) families in two independent challenge trials. Skin samples behind the dorsal fin (nearby lice attachment) were collected from ten extreme families (HR or LR) and analyzed by qPCR for the expression of 32 selected genes, including a number of genes involved in T helper cell (Th) mediated immune responses, which have been previously implied to play important roles during salmon louse infections.Most genes showed lower expression patterns in the LR than in HR fish, suggesting an immunosuppressed state in LR families. The average number of lice (chalimi) was 9 in HR and 15 in LR fish. Large variation in lice counts was seen both within resistant and susceptible families, which enabled us to subdivide the groups into HR<10 and HR>10, and LR<10 and LR>10 to better understand the effect of lice burden per se. As expected, expression patterns were influenced both by genetic background and the number of attached parasites. Higher number of lice (>10) negatively affected gene expression in both HR and LR families. In general, strongest down-regulation was seen in LR>10 and lesser down-regulation in HR<10. HR in general and especially HR<10 fish were better at resisting suppression of expression of both Th1 and Th2 genes. However, the best inverse correlation with infection level was seen for the prototypical Th1 genes, including several members from the interferon pathways. In addition, skin histomorphometry suggests that infected LR salmon had thicker epidermis in the area behind the dorsal fin and larger mucous cell size compared to infected HR fish, however marginally significant (. p=0.08). This histomorphometric finding was in line with the immune response being skewed in LR towards the Th2 rather than a Th1 profile. Our findings suggest that the ability to resist lice infection depends on the ability to avoid immunosuppression and not as much on the physical tissue barrier functions. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

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