Vienna, Austria

Webster University, Vienna

www.webster.ac.at/
Vienna, Austria

Webster Vienna Private University is the Austrian branch of Webster University in St. Louis, USA and is the only American university in Austria. Wikipedia.


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Floh A.,University of Surrey | Madlberger M.,Webster University, Vienna
Electronic Commerce Research and Applications | Year: 2013

This study extends a stimulus-organism-response (S-O-R) model to include impulse-buying behavior, which plays a vital role in electronic shopping but has not gained much attention in e-commerce research. Grounding our research in environmental psychology, we test the effects of virtual atmospheric cues on online impulse-buying behavior and spending, via a consumer survey. The study applies elaborated mediating variables (shopping enjoyment and impulsiveness) to develop a structural model linking three categories of atmospheric cues of an electronic store (content, design, and navigation) to approach behavior variables (impulse-buying behavior and expenditure). The results support the validity of the S-O-R model in the context of online impulse-buying behavior and show a significant positive effect of two dimensions of virtual atmospheric cues (design and navigation). © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Brutschin E.,Webster University, Vienna | Fleig A.,University of Heidelberg
Energy Policy | Year: 2016

This paper analyzes the effects of fossil fuel rents on R&D expenditures and patent grants in the field of energy-related technology. We argue that an increasing share of fossil fuel rents lessens the innovation of new energy technologies. We consider a sample of countries beyond the common selection of OECD members and investigate innovation efforts in the energy sector of 116 countries from 1980 to 2012. We observe the gradually growing influence of resource-abundant countries on global R&D expenditures and find that increasing fossil fuel rents have a negative effect on patent grants. This study contributes to the ongoing debate concerning the potential effects of resource abundance. More importantly, it increases our understanding of innovation activities within the energy sector and further underscores the need to extend future research to countries that have not been taken into account thus far. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd


Amster R.,Webster University, Vienna | Bohm C.,University of Vienna
Procedia Computer Science | Year: 2015

The success or failure of global IT projects is highly influenced by culture-based behaviors. But, research has primarily focused on belief and value systems which are more abstract than behaviors. This paper presents a study that analyzed cultural behavioral differences between Indian project managers and their counterparts in other countries. The conducted qualitative, semi-structured interviews revealed insights into cross-cultural challenges and shed light on the complex ways that culture-based behaviors impact IT projects. The study identified 127 behaviors that significantly affected project success and cross-cultural cooperation between Indian managers and managers from all over the world. These behaviors were grouped into 19 behavior clusters. Understanding these behavior clusters can help to improve project collaboration, and inform cross-cultural training strategies. Finally, based on the study's results, the paper suggests four important components that should be added to cross-cultural training programs for international project managers. © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.


Antonakakis N.,University of Portsmouth | Antonakakis N.,Vienna University of Economics and Business | Antonakakis N.,Webster University, Vienna | Collins A.,University of Portsmouth
Social Science and Medicine | Year: 2015

While linkages between some macroeconomic phenomena and suicides in some countries have been explored, only two studies, hitherto, have established a causal relationship between fiscal austerity and suicide, albeit in a single country. The aim of this study is to provide the first systematic multiple-country evidence of a causal relationship of fiscal austerity on time-, gender-, and age-specific suicide mortality across five Eurozone peripheral countries, namely Greece, Ireland, Italy, Portugal and Spain over the period 1968-2012, while controlling for various socioeconomic differences. The impact of fiscal adjustments is found to be gender-, age- and time-specific. Specifically, fiscal austerity has short-, medium- and long-run suicide increasing effects on the male population in the 65-89 age group. A 1% reduction in government spending is associated with a 1.38%, 2.42% and 3.32% increase in the short-, medium- and long-run, respectively, of male suicides rates in the 65-89 age group in the Eurozone periphery. These results are highly robust to alternative measures of fiscal austerity. Improved labour market institutions help mitigate the negative effects of fiscal austerity on suicide mortality. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


Lehenbauer M.,Research Team | Kothgassner O.D.,Research Team | Kryspin-Exner I.,Research Team | Stetina B.U.,Webster University, Vienna
Computers and Education | Year: 2013

Up to 95% of teens and young adults in western societies are online, and research shows striking evidence that users suffering from social fears use the Internet more frequently. Social phobia (SP) is one of the most common anxiety disorders, characterized by early onset and more frequent histories of childhood and adolescent shyness. SP is often untreated because adolescent sufferers hesitate to talk to teachers or attend any face-to-face treatment. Furthermore, teachers and caregivers, responsible for educating these young adults, often lack the clinical-psychological knowledge to help. Therefore, we developed an online training for providing educative knowledge about social skills, social fears and body relaxation methods (including evidence-based cognitive- behavioural therapy (CBT) elements combined with elements from social skills trainings (SST)). Until now, no such online tool was readily available for teachers and caregivers in Europe's German-speaking areas. In addition, the transformation of a well-evaluated (offline) SST with CBT elements into an attractive online form rendered a definite challenge. To assist teachers and caregivers, we developed an online-based self-administered SST with CBT elements especially for adolescents and young adults. The novelty of the project was its development in close cooperation with target groups to ensure usability and acceptance. This multi-stage program for the prevention of social fears and social phobia includes the promotion of social skills moreover cognitive restructuring. Fourteen text- and comic-based sessions (one session per week, each session takes 30-40 min) provide knowledge about social fears and social skills. The effectiveness was evaluated using pre- and post-tests with 61 training participants and 47 control group students. Preliminary results showed promising and significant effects in the intervention group: a decrease of social fears as well as an increase of social skills. These findings suggest that our self-administered online training is effective preventing social fears, and may be considered as an educative tool for teachers and caregivers (providing evidence-based information about social fears, social skills and body relaxation methods). © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Madlberger M.,Webster University, Vienna
ECIS 2012 - Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Information Systems | Year: 2012

Firms frequently apply more than one information system for their processes and data exchange. This variety is often due to the existence of legacy systems and can cause large inefficiencies. At present, most consumer goods firms aim at replacing non-integrated information flows with electronic data interchange. In doing so, firms constantly increase their level of information systems (IS) integration. However, firms have to decide whether they replace non-integrated legacy systems incrementally or radically. The paper investigates this issue from a conceptual viewpoint that combines the information technology (IT) substitution perspective with the concept of levels of IS integration. An empirical case study investigates two alternative IT substitution approaches, i.e., an incremental and a complete IT substitution, in respect of their impacts on process efficiency improvement. The results indicate that the complete IT substitution achieves significantly larger efficiency gains due to the impact of IS integration levels.


Madlberger M.,Webster University, Vienna
Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing | Year: 2015

Since the emergence of electronic commerce the tourism industry has undergone a substantial transformation. Especially travel agencies that are faced with growing online competition are increasingly dependent on achieving online sales. This study investigates antecedents of consumers’ intention to book trips online on travel agencies’ websites. The research draws on an integrated research model based on the technology acceptance model and customer satisfaction as introduced in the DeLone and McLean model on information system success. Two alternative models were tested: A parsimonious basic model includes information quality and system quality as object-based beliefs that influence satisfaction as an object-based attitude. The second model is extended and includes a third object-based belief, that is, service quality. Satisfaction is hypothesized to impact perceived usefulness that is a driver of perceived ease of use and online booking intention. Both models were tested with survey data from 292 consumers. The study provides several scholarly and managerial implications for the online distribution of tourism services. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015.


Brutschin E.,Webster University, Vienna
Lecture Notes in Energy | Year: 2015

This chapter traces the role of eastern European countries during the negotiations of the third gas directive and their role in bringing on the decision agenda the so-called “Gazprom clause”. It is argued that the enlargement did not significantly change the interest heterogeneity on the liberalisation issues and that the main explanatory power for successful decision agenda thus lies in the framing strategies that were utilised before the negotiations. Followed by a number of events, such as building of the Nord Stream pipeline and Ukrainian gas crisis of 2006, many member states used the momentum to reframe the debate as a foreign policy issue rather than as a competition policy issue. This served as a basis for the securitisation of the European energy policies and successful mobilisation of other participants in the policy process, which resulted in the inclusion of the “Gazprom clause” in the final version of the third gas directive. © Springer-Verlag London 2015.


Madlberger M.,Webster University, Vienna
19th European Conference on Information Systems, ECIS 2011 | Year: 2011

The diffusion of standards is characterized by network effects, path dependency, and the penguin effect. Particularly the latter, also referred to as excess inertia, is a frequent inhibitor of the adoption of standards, even if they could provide benefits. This is particularly true for item master data pools that suffer from little adoption in many industries as benefits can only accrue if many firms use them. At the same time, data pools show the potential to improve the quality of item master data by pooling the efforts on data quality assurance. This paper addresses the question whether an improvement of item master data quality can contribute to overcoming the penguin effect by data pools. The theoretical considerations are supplemented by an exploratory qualitative research among the leading retailers in the Austrian food and drug sector. The findings suggest that data quality improvement can be one way to encourage the use of data pools and thus overcome the penguin effect in adoption.


Madlberger M.,Webster University, Vienna
WEBIST 2014 - Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technologies | Year: 2014

The tourism industry has undergone a substantial transformation since the emergence of electronic commerce. Especially travel agencies that are faced with growing online competition are increasingly dependent on achieving online sales. This study investigates antecedents of consumers' intention to book a trip online at a travel agency's website. The research draws on an integrated research model based on the technology acceptance model and customer satisfaction as introduced in the DeLone and McNeal model on information system success. An online survey among 292 consumers largely supports the hypothesized impact factors. Information quality serves as a significant object-based belief that influences satisfaction as an object-based attitude. In contrast, system quality has no impact on satisfaction. Satisfaction influences perceived usefulness, a key driver of online booking intention and perceived ease of use. The study provides several scholarly and managerial implications for the online distribution of tourism services. Copyright © 2014 SCITEPRESS.

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