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White-Newsome J.L.,WE ACT for Environmental Justice | McCormick S.,George Washington University | Sampson N.,University of Michigan | Buxton M.A.,University of Michigan | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health | Year: 2014

Extreme heat events (EHEs) are becoming more intense, more frequent and longer lasting in the 21st century. These events can disproportionately impact the health of low-income, minority, and urban populations. To better understand heat-related intervention strategies used by four U.S. cities, we conducted 73 semi-structured interviews with government and non-governmental organization leaders representing public health, general social services, emergency management, meteorology, and the environmental planning sectors in Detroit, MI; New York City, NY; Philadelphia, PA and Phoenix, AZ-cities selected for their diverse demographics, climates, and climate adaptation strategies. We identified activities these leaders used to reduce the harmful effects of heat for residents in their city, as well as the obstacles they faced and the approaches they used to evaluate these efforts. Local leaders provided a description of how local context (e.g., climate, governance and city structure) impacted heat preparedness. Despite the differences among study cities, political will and resource access were critical to driving heat-health related programming. Upon completion of our interviews, we convened leaders in each city to discuss these findings and their ongoing efforts through day-long workshops. Our findings and the recommendations that emerged from these workshops could inform other local or national efforts towards preventing heat-related morbidity and mortality. © 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source


N'Dri L.A.,WE ACT for Environmental Justice | White-Newsome J.L.,WE ACT for Environmental Justice | Corbin-Mark C.D.,WE ACT for Environmental Justice | Shepard P.M.,WE ACT for Environmental Justice
Environmental Justice | Year: 2015

Low-income, communities of color have historically been exposed to disproportionate amount of toxins from air, water, and land. While the environmental justice (EJ) movement has fought to eliminate environmental concerns, less attention has been given to the health impacts of phthalates and bisphenol-A (BPA) found in common products used in the home, workplace, and schools. Our review of 23 research articles shows that a potential connection between BPA and phthalates exposure in consumer products to adverse health outcomes needs to be further explored. Revisions of the Toxic Substances Control Act are necessary and it is imperative that future policy efforts recognize and use a cumulative risk assessment approach to understand and address the negative health impacts brought on by both chemicals. © 2015 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source

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