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Fifth Street, TX, United States

Wayland Baptist University is private, coeducational Baptist university based in Plainview, Texas. Wayland Baptist has a total of fourteen campuses in five Texas cities, six states, and in Kenya. On August 31, 1908, the university was chartered by the state of Texas, under the name Wayland Literary and Technical Institute. The university would have another name change in 1910 as Wayland Baptist College. In 1981, it attained university status and settled with the current name, Wayland Baptist University. It currently has a total enrollment of approximately 8,000 . Wikipedia.

Kreider R.B.,Texas A&M University | Serra M.,University of Maryland, Baltimore | Beavers K.M.,Wake forest University | Moreillon J.,Baylor University | And 15 more authors.
Journal of the American Dietetic Association | Year: 2011

Background: A number of diet and exercise programs purport to help promote and maintain weight loss. However, few studies have compared the efficacy of different methods. Objective: To determine whether adherence to a meal-replacement-based diet program (MRP) with encouragement to increase physical activity is as effective as following a more structured meal-plan-based diet and supervised exercise program (SDE) in sedentary obese women. Design: Randomized comparative effectiveness trial. Participants/setting: From July 2007 to October 2008, 90 obese and apparently healthy women completed a 10-week university-based weight loss trial while 77 women from this cohort also completed a 24-week weight maintenance phase. Intervention: Participants were matched and randomized to participate in an MRP or SDE program. Main outcome measures: Weight loss, health, and fitness-related data were assessed at 0 and 10 weeks on all subjects as well as at 14, 22, and 34 weeks on participants who completed the weight maintenance phase. Statistical analyses performed: Data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of variance for repeated measures. Results: During the 10-week weight loss phase, moderate and vigorous physical activity levels were significantly higher in the SDE group with no differences observed between groups in daily energy intake. The SDE group lost more weight (-3.1±3.7 vs -1.6±2.5 kg; P=0.03); fat mass (-2.3±3.5 vs -0.9±1.6 kg; P=0.02); centimeters from the hips (-4.6±7 vs -0.2±6 cm; P=0.002) and waist (-2.9±6 vs -0.6±5 cm; P=0.05); and, experienced a greater increase in peak aerobic capacity than participants in the MRP group. During the 24-week maintenance phase, participants in the SDE group maintained greater moderate and vigorous physical activity levels, weight loss, fat loss, and saw greater improvement in maximal aerobic capacity and strength. Conclusions: In sedentary and obese women, an SDE-based program appears to be more efficacious in promoting and maintaining weight loss and improvements in markers of health and fitness compared to an MRP type program with encouragement to increase physical activity. © 2011 American Dietetic Association.

Gao Z.,University of Minnesota | Chen S.,Iowa State University | Huang C.C.,Wayland Baptist University | Stodden D.F.,University of South Carolina | Xiang P.,Texas A&M University
Journal of Sports Sciences | Year: 2016

The purpose of the study was to quantify the contributions of physical education, exergaming (active video games that also are a type of exercise), recess, lunch break and after-school time segments to children’s daily physical activity and sedentary behaviours. Participants were 138 second and third graders (71 girls) who attended 20-min recess and 75-min lunch time daily, 25-min regular physical education or exergaming-based classes being alternated daily. The after-school period was defined as 3:20–10:00pm. Physical activity was assessed via accelerometry and the dependent variables were children’s time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), light physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Children’s percentages of time spent in MVPA (P < .001; except for the difference between exergaming and lunch break: P = .63), light physical activity (P < .001) and sedentary behaviour (P < .001) differed significantly across the time segments (i.e., physical education/exergaming, recess, lunch break and after-school). Additionally, children accumulated significantly more MVPA (t = 10.22, P < .001) but less light physical activity (t = −3.17, P = .002) and sedentary behaviour (t = −3.91, P < .001) in physical education than in exergaming. Overall, physical education was more effective in generating MVPA than other segments over the school day. The after-school segment holds potential as an avenue for promoting children’s MVPA, as this long period could be better utilised to organise structured physical activity. © 2016 Taylor & Francis

Deike E.,Wayland Baptist University | Bowden R.G.,Baylor University | Moreillon J.J.,Baylor University | Griggs J.O.,Family health center | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Renal Nutrition | Year: 2012

Objective: One prevalent characteristic of all stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is excessive production of proinflammatory cytokines. Fish oil (FO) supplementation has been reported to lower levels of proinflammatory cytokines. The benefits of FO for an extensive range of populations and a variety of health concerns are apparent, yet the anti-inflammatory benefits for nondialysis CKD patients are not as well documented. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the daily consumption of FO (1,400 mg eicosapentaenoic acid + 1,000 mg docosahexaenoic acid) on interleukin 1β (IL-1β), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) for 8 weeks in nondialysis CKD patients. Design, Setting, and Subjects: In this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled intervention, the effect of 8 weeks of FO administration on IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α levels in nondialysis CKD patients were evaluated. Intervention: Thirty-one nondialysis CKD patients (17 = FO; 14 = placebo) randomly received either FO dietary supplementation 2.4 g/day (1,400 mg eicosapentaenoic acid + 1,000 mg docosahexaenoic acid) or placebo (safflower oil) for 8 weeks. Main Outcome Measures: IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α were all measured as markers of inflammation. Results: One-way analysis of variance revealed no significant differences in IL-6 (P = .06), IL-1β (P = .18), and TNF-α (P = .20) between groups in pretest values. Additionally, no pretest differences existed between groups for age (P = .549), weight (P = .324), waist circumference (P = .086), gender (P = .591), and ethnicity (P = .875). Covariance was calculated using compliance, age, gender, ethnicity, body weight, and waist circumference as covariates. No significant differences were discovered between groups after FO supplementation for IL-6 (P = .453) and TNF-α (P = .242). A significant difference was discovered for IL-1β (P = .050) with lower levels in the FO group. Conclusions: The results of this study are in agreement with some previous studies that suggest that FO supplementation has no effect on plasma proinflammatory cytokines TNF-α or IL-6, but does have an effect on IL-1β in nondialysis CKD patients. © 2012 National Kidney Foundation, Inc.

Brill C.,American Military University | Tollefson J.,Wayland Baptist University
European Conference on Information Warfare and Security, ECCWS | Year: 2015

The potential for a cyber-attack on a nation's command and control system is a real threat, but does it equate to a neutralized force? This paper examines how critical national security functions may be supported using antiquated technologies to defeat such risks. The majority of the civilized world understands the crippling nature of cyber-attacks. These events can halt stock markets, commandeer traffic grids, redirect traffic, choke transportation, overload electrical grids, and send homes, businesses, and cities back a century. Exercises to counter these conceptual cyber-attacks may result in new technology, but without a watershed event, the size and scope of a blacked out network remains a mystery. While the total quantity and quality of equipment remaining operational in the aftermath of a sophisticated cyber-attack is beyond this document's scope, the general thesis will assume that some capabilities remain operational and available to reconsolidate. These facts will lead a reader to conclude that in the absence of total network assurance, good leadership becomes even more imperative. In other words, responsible commanders must improvise, adapt and consolidate remaining capabilities, requiring radical shifts in current methodology, training, equipment, etc. Based on the aforementioned, this paper theorizes how military services can exercise command and control in the short term using antiquated systems to overcome network interruptions, in effect bypassing cultural reliance on networked technologies. Using a qualitative approach and historical case studies of Operation JUST CAUSE, the authors articulate the importance of adaptable junior military leadership in adapting to such threats.

Huang C.,Wayland Baptist University | Gao Z.,University of Minnesota
Psychology, Health and Medicine | Year: 2013

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of previous experiences on students situational interest and physical activity (PA) levels, as well as the relationships between situational interest and PA levels in Dance Dance Revolution (DDR). A total of 135 seventh through ninth graders participated in DDR unit for two weeks, and reported their previous DDR experiences. Students PA levels were measured by ActiGraph accelerometers for three classes with percentages of time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) as the outcome variable. They also responded to the Situational Interest Scale (including novelty, challenge, attention demand, exploration intention, and instant enjoyment) at the end of each class. The Multivariate Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA) yielded a significant main effect for experience. Follow-up tests revealed that students with DDR experiences scored significantly higher than those without experiences at following dimensions: challenge; exploration intention; instant enjoyment; and attention demand. Regression analysis yielded that novelty emerged as the only significant predictor for MVPA. The findings suggested that four dimensions of situational interest differed between students with and without previous experiences. Novelty emerged as the only predictor for MVPA, suggesting that students would have higher PA when they feel the activity provides new information. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

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